January 23-29, 2017 / Vol 36, No 4 / Hawai`i Island, USA

Commemorating Space Explorers with an Eye Toward Future Horizons

Pioneering Astronauts and adventurers who paved the way for Humans to become Multi World Species, guide us toward the Stars and inspire Nations, are being honored this week on Earth and in Space. The 50th observation of Apollo 1 crew members Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee lost during a launch pad test occurs Jan 27. The 31st observation of Challenger STS-51L loss of Francis “Dick” Scobee, Michael Smith, Christa McAuliffe (1st ‘Teacher in Space’), Ellison Onizuka, Judith Resnick, Ronald McNair and Gregory Jarvis is Jan 28. And the 14th observation of Columbia STS-107 loss of Richard Husband, Laurel Clark, Ilan Ramon (‘1st Israeli Astronaut’), William McCool, Michael Anderson, David Brown and Kalpana Chawla (‘1st Indian American astronaut’ and ‘1st Indian woman in space’) is Feb 1. As the date nears July 20, 2019 – the 50th observation of Apollo 11 / Humanity’s Greatest Advance – international entities are building giant rockets, reusable technologies, Human-rated capsules; preparing Astronauts for LEO, Moon and Mars, and tourists for suborbital trips. Over-arching foundation and legal frameworks set up by the United Nations Outer Space Treaty (which reaches its 50th anniversary this year) will be put to the test more frequently as international commercial space / lunar / asteroid activities, exploration and mining accelerate. (Image Credit: NASA, New Worlds Conference, JPL, Caltech)

MONDAY

Ongoing…
star-grey Jan 23 — ISS, 330-435-km LEO: Expedition 50 working on a variety of human health, fluid, fire, Earth observation, radiation and chemical reaction experiments while maintaining laboratory, scheduled to help facilitate JAXA Kounotori HTV-6 departure this week – leaving 3 craft docked (Soyuz MS-02 and MS-03, Progress 64 resupply), next cargo ship should be SpaceX CRS 10 launching early Feb.

Jan 23 — Curiosity, Gale Crater / Mount Sharp, Mars Surface: Rover may have uncovered the first mud cracks found on Mars; using ChemCam laser to analyze possible rare Iron-Nickel Meteorite (would be 3rd meteorite found by rover); pictures reveal purple-toned rocks near base of 5-km high Mount Sharp which are likely made of hematite.

Jan 23 — Chang’e-5 (CE-5), Beijing, China: Scientists preparing lander, ascent stage and re-entry vehicle for Lunar sample return mission launching ~November to area near CE-3 lander currently operating in Lunar Night 39 at Mare Imbrium 44.12° N, 19.51° W; Chang’e-5 T1 service module orbiting Moon since Jan 2015.

circle-full-grey Jan 23 — Return to the Moon: In honor of Eugene Andrew “Gene” Cernan, American Hero and Moon Walker, continuing Human exploration of space and ‘not letting him remain the Last Man to Walk on the Moon’ is a desire and goal that could become focus of collaborative USA and international efforts.

circle-full-grey Jan 23 — Spaceflight Industries, Tukwila WA: NewSpace company SHERPA payload adapter and dispenser system to release ~85 satellites within 30 minutes of being deployed from SpaceX Falcon 9 launch set mid-Feb; CEO Jason Andrews, President Curt Blake.

circle-full-grey Jan 23 — Rocket Crafters Inc., Titusville FL: Developing patented rocket motors using 3D printed fuel technology for Intrepid-1 mass-producible orbital launch vehicle to deploy small satellites; projected date for Intrepid to fly is 2019; CTO Ronald Jones, Sr. VP Ronald Fabian.

Jan 23 — SETI Institute, Mountain View CA: Weekly Colloquium: Exocomets: Now you see them, now you don’t; Barry Welsh of UC Berkeley, 12:00.

= All times

for terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for international terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for space events, and…

= All times for international space / astro events in Hawaii Standard Time unless noted. Add 10 hours to obtain UT (‘Universal Time;’ Greenwich, England).


Weekly Planet Watch – Evening Planets: Venus (SW), Mars (SW), Jupiter (S), Uranus (SW), Neptune (WSW); Morning Planets: Mercury (SE), Saturn (SE).

ISS in 2017: Advancing Humans in Space with Dragon CRS10, EVAs and Other Activities

A Falcon 9 two-stage rocket with cluster of 9 Merlin Engines generating 7,607 kN thrust at sea level is scheduled to launch Feb 8 carrying Dragon CRS-10 to the International Space Station. The US$61.2M list price per launch Falcon 9 rocket is claimed as the 1st space launch system completely developed in the 21st Century. It will also deploy the SAGE III Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment mission for NASA, a key part of the effort to provide crucial, long-term measurements to help humans understand and care for Earth’s atmosphere. ISS has 4 crewed missions and up to another 13 uncrewed robotic arrivals on the manifest for 2017. Soyuz MS-04 is scheduled March 11 with Expedition 51 Fyodor Yurchikhin, Jack Fischer; MS 05 May 29 Exp. 52 Sergey Ryazansky, Randy Bresnik, Paolo Nespoli; MS-06 Sep 12 Exp. 53 Mark Vande Hei, Alexander Misurkin; and MS-07 Nov 30 Exp 54 Scott Tingle, Alexander Skvortsov, Norishige Kanai. SpaceX Crew Dragon is set to arrive August on a demonstration mission. Early 2017 should see EVAs 40 & 41 in March, as well as QB-50, TechEdSat-5, Lemur-2 CubeSat Deployment. ISS could serve as a launch pad for the ‘Cislunar Super highway’ accelerating human exploration of Solar System Complete in the 21st Century. (Image Credit: SpaceX, NASA)

Jan 23 — NASA Astrobiology Institute, Online / Mountain View CA: Webinar: Advanced Instrumentation Techniques for Finding Biosignatures.

Jan 23-27 — ESA, Madrid, Spain: Workshop: Ices in the Solar System; at European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC).

Jan 23-27 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, INAF, ASI, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Beyond the Solar Neighborhood: Entering into the GAIA Era.

Continued from…

NET Jan – Nov — ExoMars 2016 Orbiter, Mars Orbit: ESA Trace Gas Orbiter scheduled to enter Aerobraking phase from Jan-Nov to enter 400-km orbit; set to adjust orbit inclination to 74° on Jan 17.

Jan 8-27 — National Autonomous University of Mexico, Puebla, Mexico: Latin American School of Astronomical Observations.

Jan 9 – Feb 10 — International Space University, Adelaide, Australia: 2017 Southern Hemisphere Space Studies Program; at Mawson Lakes Campus, University of South Australia.

Jan 22-26 — American Meteorological Society, Seattle WA: 97th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society (AMS).

TUESDAY

Jan 24 — JAXA, Launch H-2A / DSN 2, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: Japan H-2A rocket to launch DSN 2 military communications satellite for the Japanese Ministry of Defense.

Jan 24 — Silicon Valley Space Center, Santa Clara CA: TechTalk: Regional Sky Traffic; Brien Seeley, president of the Sustainable Aviation Foundation; 18:30-21:00, at Hacker Dojo.

Jan 24 — Rob and Terry Ryan Foundation, W. M. Keck Observatory, Kamuela HI: Cosmic Events: Focusing the Distant Universe with Gravitational Lensing; at Gates Performing Arts Center, HPA Campus.

Jan 24 — Moon: 3.6° N of Saturn, 00:37.

Jan 24 — Apollo Asteroid 2011 CO14: Near-Earth Flyby (0.059 AU).

WEDNESDAY

Jan 25 — Opportunity, Mars Surface: Rover enters 14th year on Mars; holds “off-world” record for having driven the greatest distance; launched 2003, landed 2004.

Jan 25 — Foothill College, Los Altos Hills CA: The Monster Black Hole at the Center of the Milky Way; Andrea Ghez, Professor of Astronomy at UCLA giving a free, illustrated, non-technical talk, 19:00.

Jan 25 — British Interplanetary Society, London, United Kingdom: Lecture: Future Histories and Forecasting; Stephen Baxter and Mark Hempsell.

Jan 25 — Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt MD: Colloquium: The Romance of Physics; Joseph Sucher Professor Emeritus of Physics at University of Maryland, 15:30.

Jan 25 — Moon: 3.7° N Mercury, 14:46.

Jan 25 — Apollo Asteroid 7341 (1991 VK): Near-Earth Flyby (0.065 AU).

THURSDAY

Jan 26 — Kennedy Space Center Visitor Center, NASA, Cape Canaveral FL: Annual NASA Day of Remembrance; at Astronauts Memorial Foundation hall.

Jan 26 — Cornell University, Ithaca NY: Lecture: The Life-Cycle of Gas in Dying Galaxies; Katherine Alatalo, Hubble Fellow from Carnegie Observatories, 16:00.

Jan 26-27 — National Science Foundation, Arlington VA: Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory Committee (AAAC) Meeting.

Jan 26 — Apollo Asteroid 2017 AK3: Near-Earth Flyby (0.029 AU).

Jan 26 — Apollo Asteroid 2016 YP4: Near-Earth Flyby (0.033 AU).

FRIDAY

Jan 27 — ISS, HTV-6 Departure, LEO: JAXA H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV-6) release from International Space Station scheduled at 10:30 ET, live coverage available.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 50th Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members lost during a launch pad test: Command Pilot Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Senior Pilot Edward H. White and Pilot Roger B. Chaffee.

Jan 27 — United Nations Outer Space Treaty (OST) 50th Observation, Worldwide: OST framework to address legal questions for capabilities and activities in Space open for signature by United Nations General Assembly on this day in 1967, and entered into force October 10, 1967; evolving / unfolding regulations include commercial space activities, private space stations, habitats on Moon, asteroid mining, contamination of celestial bodies.

Jan 27 — Moon: New Moon, 14:07.

SATURDAY

Jan 28 — Arianespace, Launch Soyuz / Hispasat AG1, Sinnamary, French Guiana: Arianespace Soyuz, designated VS16, to launch Hispasat AG1 communications satellite (also known as Hispasat 36W-1) to provide communications services over Spain, Portugal and the Americas.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 31st Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident 28 January 1986: Commander Francis R. “Dick” Scobee, Pilot Michael J. Smith, Astronaut Christa McAuliffe (the 1st ‘Teacher in Space’), Mission Specialists Ellison S. Onizuka, Judith A. Resnick and Ronald E. McNair, along with Payload Specialist Gregory B. Jarvis.

Jan 28 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA/Caltech, Pasadena CA: National Science Bowl – Los Angeles Regional Competition; high school students teams challenges with questions about chemistry, biology, physics mathematics, astronomy, Earth and computer science.

Jan 28 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2017 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Rooster.

SUNDAY

Jan 29 – Feb 3 — American Geophysical Union, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia: AGU Chapman Conference on Submarine Volcanism: New Approaches and Research Frontiers.