Downrange

OCT-DEC = All times for terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for international terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for space events, and…

= All times for international space / astro events in Hawaii Standard Time unless noted. Add 10 hours to obtain UT (‘Universal Time;’ Greenwich, England)

2014

NET Oct 27 — Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Antares / Orb-3 (Cygnus 4), Wallops Island VA: OSC Antares rocket to launch 4th Cygnus cargo freighter on 3rd operational flight to the ISS.

Oct 27 — ISS, Undocking Progress 56P, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia 56th Progress cargo ship to undock from ISS, 05:30 UT, live coverage available; will burn up in Earth atmosphere with waste.

Oct 27-29 — Aerospace Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Missouri University of Science and Technology, St. Louis MO: 14th ASCE International Conference on Engineering, Science, Construction and Operations in Challenging Environments (Earth & Space 2014).

Oct 27-30 — American Astronautical Society, University of Alabama, Huntsville AL: Wernher von Braun Memorial Symposium: Moving Forward in Exploration; at University of Alabama.

Oct 27-31 — Asia Association on Remote Sensing (AARS), Nay Pyl Taw, Myanmar: 35th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing (ACRS): Sensing for Reintegration of Societies.

Oct 28 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Canaveral Port Authority, 45th Space Wing, Houston TX: NASA KSC Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Industry Day and Expo 2014.

Oct 28-29 — ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: Workshop on Additive Manufacturing for Space Application.

Oct 28-30 — Chinese Institute of Communications, Beijing, China: China Satellite 2014 Conference; at Hotel Nikko New Century.

Oct 29 — RSA, Launch Soyuz / Progress 57P, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch 57th Progress cargo ship to ISS, 13:08 local time; live coverage available.

Oct 29-31 — ASTech, International Space University, DLR, CNES, Strasbourg, France: Space Exploration International Conference.

Oct 30-31 — Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, ESA, Canadian Space Agency, NASA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: 2014 IEEE International Conference on Wireless for Space and Extreme Environments; at Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC).

Oct 31 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Ken Cameron; US$49.95 adult.

NET Nov — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Beijing, China: United Nations/China Workshop on Space Law.

Nov 1-2 — University of Arizona College of Science, Tucson AZ: Arizona Science & Astronomy Expo; at Tucson Convention Center.

Nov 3-5 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Universities Space Research Association, Houston TX: Workshop on Volatiles in the Martian Interior.

Nov 3-6 — Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology, NASA, AIAA, Canadian Space Agency, JHU/APL, Linthicum Heights MD: 28th Space Simulation Conference; at Westin Hotel.

Nov 3-6 — University of Colorado – Boulder, NASA, Portland OR: NASA Living with a Star 2014 Workshop: Evolving Solar Activity and Its Influence on Space and Earth.

Nov 3-7 — Brazil National Observatory, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 19th Advanced School of Astrophysics.

Nov 4 — SETI Institute, Mountain View CA: SETI Talks: Lakes, Fans, Deltas, and Streams: Geomorphic Constraints on the Hydrologic History of Gale Crater, Mars; presented by Marisa Palucis of UC Berkeley, 12:00 PST.

Nov 4-6 — SMi Group Ltd., London, United Kingdom: 16th Annual Global MilSatCom 2014.

Nov 4-7 — Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt MD: 2nd International Workshop on Instrumentation for Planetary Missions (IPM-2014).

Nov 5 — Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, Tucson AZ: Lecture: Imaging Exoplanets; presented by Dr. Travis Barman.

Nov 5-6 — Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University College of Aviation, Daytona Beach FL: 1st Annual Space Traffic Management Conference: Roadmap to the Stars.

Nov 5-6 — The National Academies, Irvine CA: Space Studies Board Meeting.

Nov 6, 7 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: Lecture Series: Asteroid Redirect Mission – Rearranging the Solar System; presented by Brian Muirhead, JPL Chief Engineer.

Nov 6-8 — Confederation of Indian Industry, ISRO, Antrix Corporation Ltd., Bengaluru, India: 4th Bengaluru Space Expo 2014.

Nov 7 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Tom Jones; US$49.95 adult.

Nov 8 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: Educator Workshop: Lunar and Meteorite Sample Certification; free workshop making use of lunar samples from Apollo missions.

Nov 9 — The Select Investor, Denver CO: 2nd International Workshop on Scientific Opportunities in Cislunar Space (SOCS).

Nov 9-12 — Huntsville Alabama L5 Society (HAL5), Baen Books, Initiative for Interstellar Studies (TM), et al, Oak Ridge TN: 3rd Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop: Long-Term Thinking–Present-Day Action; featuring Les Johnson, Sara Seagar, James Benford, Michael Minovitch, more.

Nov 9-13 — Hawai`i Office of Aerospace Development, Pacific International Space Center for Exploration Systems (PISCES), University of Hawaii, Waikoloa HI: The Next Giant Leap: Leveraging Lunar Assets for Sustainable Pathways to Space; at Waikoloa Beach Marriott Resort & Spa.

Nov 9-14 — American Astronomical Society, Tucson AZ: 46th Annual Meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society; at JW Marriott Starr Pass Hotel.

Nov 10 — ISS, Undocking Soyuz TMA-13, LEO: Expedition 40/41 members Suraev, Wiseman, Gerst scheduled to return to Earth.

Nov 10 — Bradford Astronomical Society, Bradford, United Kingdom: Odyssey Dramatic Presentation: Britannia Sky – A British Space Odyssey.

Nov 10-11 — University of La Serena Dept of Physics, La Serena, Chile: Workshop: Galaxy Groups – Laboratories to Study Galaxy Evolution.

Nov 10-13 — University of Porto Center for Astrophysics, Porto, Portugal: Gaia-ESO Survey Second Science Meeting (GES 2014).

Nov 10-14 — Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune, India: Conference: Coupling and Dynamics of the Solar Atmosphere.

Nov 11-14 — ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: Workshop: Star Formation Across Space and Time.

Nov 11-14 — Zhuhai Airshow Co. Limited, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China: 10th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition.

Nov 12 — Rosetta, Comet 67P / Churyumov-Gerasimenko Orbit: Rosetta to release Philae lander at 08:35 UT from 22.5-km altitude, planned to land on “Site J” about 7 hours later; if backup “Site C” is used, separation to occur 13:04 UT, landing 4 hours later; spacecraft will escort comet around the Sun; end of mission set for Dec 2015.

Nov 12 — Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO, Sydney, Australia: Colloquium: Scrutinizing the Relationship Between Galaxies and Supermassive Black Holes; presented by Jillian Bellovary.

Nov 13-14 — The World Technology Network, New York NY: The World Technology Summit & Awards 2014; at Time and Life Building.

Nov 14 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: RAS Ordinary Meeting.

Nov 16-21 — Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel: Workshop: Triple Evolution & Dynamics in Stellar and Planetary Systems.

Nov 17 — Chandra X-Ray Center, Cambridge MA: Joint Chandra Calibration/CIAO Workshop.

Nov 17-21 — Belgian Solar-Terrestrial Centre of Excellence (STCE), ESA, Space Weather Working Team, Liège, Belgium: 11th European Space Weather Week.

Nov 17-21 — National Research Foundation, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa: Workshop: Dark Side of the Universe 2014.

Nov 18 — ESA, Launch Vega / Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle, Kourou, French Guiana: Launch of IXV project to test critical technologies for future reentry vehicles; will reach 420-km altitude, splashdown in Pacific Ocean.

Nov 18 — SETI Institute, Mountain View CA: SETI Weekly Colloquium: Rise of the Machines: Mining the Kepler Data for Astrobiology; presented by Lucianne Walkowicz from Princeton University, 12:00 PST.

Nov 18-19 — Aerospace Industries Association of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Aerospace Summit; at Ottawa Convention Centre.

Nov 18-20 — British Interplanetary Society, London, United Kingdom: 12th Reinventing Space Conference: Low Cost Space – From Imagination to Reality.

Nov 18-21 — Saclay Institute of Research into the Fundamental Laws of the Universe, Saclay, France: Workshop: Star-Planet Interactions and the Habitable Zone.

Nov 18-21 — Chandra X-Ray Center (CXC), Boston MA: 6th Chandra Science Symposium: Fifteen Years of Science with Chandra.

Nov 19 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Kamuela HI: Galaxy Forum Hawaii – Waimea 2014; at Anna Ranch, 04:30 – 06:30 HST.

Nov 19 — Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, Tucson AZ: LPL Evening Lecture: Imaging Exoplanets; presented by Dr. Travis Barman.

Nov 21 — British Interplanetary Society, London, United Kingdom: Stellar Engines Ltd One Day Reverse Engineering Workshop; course covers Solar Sails, laser sails, nuclear fusion, antimatter, more.

Nov 24 — RSA, Launch Soyuz TMA-15M / ISS 41S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 42/43 to ISS: Samantha Cristoforetti of ESA, Terry Virts of NASA, Anton Shkaplerov of RSA.

Nov 25-27 — Applied Geoscience and Technology Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Suva, Fiji: Pacific GIS/RS User Conference: Empowering Pacific Communities through Improved Geospatial Data; at Japan Pacific ICT Centre.

Nov 27-28 — ESO, Heidelberg University, Santiago, Chile: International Symposium: Life as a Planetary Phenomenon.

Nov 28 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Clay Anderson; US$49.95 adult.

Nov 29 — Space Tourism Society, Los Angeles CA: Seminar: Space Experience Economy (SEE); presented by STS founder / president John Spencer and other guests; US$175.

Nov 29 – Dec 4 — Northwestern University Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics, Waikoloa Village HI: Extreme Solar Systems III.

NLT Nov 30 — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk 3 / Atmospheric Test Flight, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk 3 to launch on suborbital test flight, will carry mock-up human crew module.

Nov 30 — JAXA, Launch Hayabusa 2, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission to launch today; expected to arrive at C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” in 2018, study for about 1.5 years and return to Earth 2020.

Nov 30 – Dec 5 — International Astronomical Union, Punta Leona, Costa Rica: The Sun to Stars and Stellar Environments.

Dec 1 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 5, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 7th Dragon spacecraft on 5th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS; will also carry Cloud-Aerosol Transport System, AggieSat4, Bevo-2, SERPENS.

Dec 1-5 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy: United Nations/International Centre for Theoretical Physics Workshop on the Use of Global Navigation Satellite Systems for Scientific Application.

Dec 2 — ISS, ATV-5 Undocking, LEO: 5th (and final) ESA Automated Transfer Vehicle, named Georges Lemaitre, to undock from Zvezda module, burn up upon Earth atmosphere reentry.

Dec 2-5 — Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy: Meeting: Swift – 10 Years of Discovery.

Dec 3-5 — ESA, Taormina, Italy: Plato 2.0 Science Conference.

Dec 4 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch Delta IV Heavy / Orion EFT-1, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Exploration Flight Test-1 of Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle to launch craft into highly elliptical orbital trajectory, launch window 07:05 – 09:35 EST; will return to Earth at nearly 80% of the velocity of a return from Moon.

Dec 4, 5 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: Lecture Series: Coming Soon to a Dwarf Planet in Your Solar System – NASA’s Dawn Mission to the Asteroid Belt; presented by Dr. Marc Rayman, Dawn Project Mission Director.

Dec 4-5 — JAXA, Sagamihara, Japan: Hayabusa 2014: 2nd Symposium of Solar System Materials; at JAXA Sagamihara Campus.

Dec 5 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Leroy Chiao; US$49.95 adult.

Dec 7 — Cassini OTM-397, Saturn Orbit: Spacecraft conducts Orbital Trim Maneuver #397 today.

Dec 7 — New Horizons, Pluto Trajectory: Spacecraft to be woken up this month in preparation for Jul 14, 2015 Pluto, Charon encounter.

Dec 8-10 — Arizona State University, Tempe AZ: Meeting: Early Science from Low-frequency Radio Telescopes.

Dec 8-11 — International Academy of Astronautics, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil: 1st International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) Latin America CubeSat Workshop.

Dec 8-11 — European Southern Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Tokyo, Japan: Conference: Revolution in Astronomy with ALMA – The Third Year.

Dec 11 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Atlas 5 / NROL-35, Vandenberg AFB CA: ULA Atlas 5 rocket to launch classified spacecraft payload for U.S. National Reconnaissance Office.

Dec 12 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: RAS Ordinary Meeting.

Dec 14 — Chang’e-3 Lander, Sinus Iridum / Mare Imbrium, 44.12°N 19.51°W, Moon Surface: Lander reaches one year on Moon; expected to exceed one-year operational lifetime and continue operations.

Dec 15-19 — American Geophysical Union, San Francisco CA: 2014 AGU Fall Meeting.

Dec 15-19 — Paris Institute of Astrophysics, Paris, France: Colloquium: The Primordial Universe After Planck; at IAP amphitheater.

Dec 19 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, John-David Bartoe; US$49.95 adult.

Dec 20 — Cassini OTM-399, Saturn Orbit: Spacecraft conducts Orbital Trim Maneuver #399 today.

Dec 26 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Brian Duffy; US$49.95 adult.

Dec 31 — Space Florida, Online / Cape Canaveral FL: Nano-Satellite Launch Challenge; US$2M prize for launch of 2 small satellites to Earth orbit within 1 week of each other; winner announced 22:00 EST; funding canceled by NASA, Space Florida seeking other options to fund, continue competition.

2015

NET 2015 — RSA, Launch Zenit / New Generation Crew Transportation Vehicle, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Robotic first flight of “Orionski” the 4-person spacecraft that will replace Soyuz.

NET 2015 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / Dragon Mk 2 (DragonRider), Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Dragon spacecraft to carry humans to space for NASA CCiCap, first piloted test flight expected to occur before the end of this year.

NET 2015 — XCOR Aerospace, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Company expects to begin suborbital test flights of Lynx spaceplane this year.

NET 2015 — Moon Express, Launch MoonEx-1, TBD: Launch of Moon Express lunar spacecraft to advance Moon exploration and commercial development, attempt to win Google Lunar XPRIZE; craft will carry ILO-X Moon telescope and Lunar Plant Growth Habitat.

NET 2015 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon Heavy Demo Flight, Vandenberg AFB CA: Test launch of SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket.

NET 2015 — Launch BepiColombo, TBD: Launch of European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO); expected to reach Mercury and achieve polar orbit in 2022; will map planet, investigate magnetosphere.

NET 2015 — HISPASAT, Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Amazonas 4B, South America: Launch of Amazonas 4B satellite to meet growing demand for satellite television platforms in Latin America.

NET 2015 — RSA, Amur Oblast, Russia: RSA Vostochny Cosmodrome in Amur Oblast, Russia to be completed / fully operational this year to launch crews to space.

NET 2015 — Mars One, The Hague, The Netherlands: First group of astronauts to begin training for one-way mission to Mars planned for 2022.

NET 2015 — University of Hawaii, NASA, TBD: Asteroid Terrestrial-impact Last Alert System (ATLAS) consisting of 8 small telescopes housed at 1 or 2 locations in Hawaiian islands to be fully operational by end of this year; developed with US$5M NASA grant.

NET Jan MAVEN, Mars Orbit: Spacecraft first scientific results expected this month.

NET Jan — Open Space Society, Launch Small Commercial Payload, TBD: Company expects to launch first Small Commercial Payload this month.

NET Jan — Sandia National Laboratories, University of Hawaii Space Flight Laboratory, Aerojet Rocketdyne, Operationally Responsive Space, Launch SPARK / HawaiiSat-1 (ORS-4 Mission), USN Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands, Kauai HI: Space-borne Payload Assist Rocket (SPARK) or ‘Super Strypi’ three-stage vehicle to launch Earth observation satellite HawaiiSat-1 to orbit; will take off using rail launch structure.

NET Jan — Thirty Meter Telescope Observatory Corp., Mauna Kea HI: Projected date for construction start of TMT on Mauna Kea.

NET Jan — International Lunar Observatory Association, Space Age Publishing Co., Antarctica: Galaxy Forum Antarctica 2015: Galaxy Education and Galaxy Enterprise in the 21st Century.

Jan 4-8 — American Astronomical Society, Seattle WA: 225th Meeting of the AAS.

Jan 5-9 — AIAA, Kissimmee FL: AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition (SciTech 2015); 8th Symposium on Space Resource Utilization; AIAA Spacecraft Structures Conference; AIAA et al.

Jan 6 — SETI Institute, Mountain View CA: SETI Weekly Colloquium: Accreting Planets in the Habitable Zones of M-Dwarfs are too hot to retain liquid water; presented by Ramses Ramirez from Cornell University, 12:00 PST.

Jan 6-7 — Small Bodies Assessment Group, NASA, Phoenix AZ: 12th Meeting of the NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group (SBAG).

Jan 8 — Cassini OTM-400, Saturn Orbit: Spacecraft conducts Orbital Trim Maneuver #400 today.

Jan 9 — Aryavarta Space Organization, Amity University, Noida, India: 2nd International Space Conference 2015 (ISC 2015).

Jan 8-10 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Tempe AZ: Conference on Spacecraft Reconnaissance of Asteroid and Comet Interiors 2015.

Jan 9 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: RAS Ordinary Meeting; Meeting: The Kinematics of Star Formation – Theory and Observation in the Gaia Era; Meeting: The Dynamical Chromosphere and its Role in Energy Transfer through the Solar Atmosphere – Results from IRIS.

Jan 9 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Online / Houston TX: Applications Due: 2015 LPI Summer Intern Program in Planetary Science.

Jan 11-15 — American Astronautical Society, AIAA, Williamsburg VA: 25th AAS/AIAA Space Flight Mechanics.

Jan 11-15 — Zewail City of Science and Technology, Giza, Egypt: International Conference on Quantum Gravity, Cosmology and String Theory.

Jan 12 — New Horizons, Pluto Trajectory: Will begin distant-encounter operations today.

Jan 13 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / DSCOVR & Sunjammer, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch USAF, NOAA, NASA Deep Space Climate Observatory to geostationary orbit; will monitor space weather, Earth climate; and NASA Sunjammer Solar Sail to demonstrate “propellantless propulsion” which involves using photons from Sun to propel crafts through space.

Jan 13-15 — NASA Human Research Program, National Space Biomedical Research Institute, Galveston TX: 2015 Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop: Integrated Pathways to Mars.

Jan 19-23 — European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany: Workshop: ESO in the 2020s.

Jan 19-24 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Chemical and Dynamical Evolution of the Milky Way and Local Group Galaxies.

Jan 21 — MESSENGER OCM-12, Mercury Orbit: Spacecraft to perform Orbital Correction Maneuver #12 today, last OCM before planned end of mission surface impact in March.

Jan 27 — 48th Apollo 1 Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances / events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, Command Pilot Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Senior Pilot Edward H. White and Pilot Roger B. Chaffee, whose lives were lost when a launch rehearsal test resulted in a cabin fire.

Jan 27-28 — Venus Exploration Analysis Group (VEXAG), NASA, TBD: Venus Exploration Laboratory Measurements and Instrument Technologies Workshop.

Jan 28 — 29th Challenger STS-51L Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident: Commander Francis R. “Dick” Scobee, Pilot Michael J. Smith, Astronaut Christa McAuliffe (the 1st Teacher in Space), Payload Specialist Gregory B. Jarvis, Mission Specialists Ellison S. Onizuka (the 1st Asian American Astronaut), Judith A. Resnick and Ronald E. McNair.

Jan 29 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Delta 2 / Soil Moisture Active Passive spacecraft, Vandenberg AFB CA: Launch of NASA JPL Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) spacecraft aboard Delta 2 rocket from Complex 2.

Jan 30 – Feb 4 — American Astronautical Society, Breckenridge CO: 38th Annual AAS Guidance and Control Conference.

NET Feb — Virgin Galactic, Mojave CA: Planning to begin commercial flights of SpaceShipTwo this month.

Feb 1 — JAXA, Launch H-2B / HTV-5, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: An uncrewed Japan H-2B rocket set to launch 5th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 5) to deliver supplies to ISS.

Feb 1 — 12th Columbia STS-107 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss: Commander Richard D. Husband, Mission Specialist Laurel Clark, Payload Specialist Ilan Ramon (the 1st Israeli Astronaut), Astronauts William C. McCool, Michael P. Anderson, David M. Brown, Kalpana Chawla (the 1st Indian American Astronaut and 1st Indian woman in space).

Feb 2-27 — Munich Institute for Astro- and Particle Physics (MIAPP), Munich, Germany: Dark Matter: Astrophysical probes, Laboratory tests, and Theory aspects (DARK MALT 2015).

Feb 3 — RSA, Launch Soyuz / Progress 58P, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch 58th Progress cargo ship to ISS.

Feb 3-14 — World Laboratory for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Cairo, Egypt: Advanced Workshop on LHC Physics and Cosmology; at Cataract Pyramids Resort.

Feb 4-5 — CNES, ESA, ASI, Thales Alenia Space, Airbus Defence and Space, et al, Paris, France: Paris Space Week.

Feb 4-6 — Universities Space Research Association (USRA), Lunar and Planetary Institute, NASA SSERVI, Houston TX: Workshop on Early Solar System Bombardment III.

Feb 6 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 5, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 8th Dragon spacecraft on 6th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

Feb 10 — SETI Institute, Mountain View CA: SETI Weekly Colloquium: Paleoenvironmnetal Reconstruction and the Identification of Habitable Conditions on Ancient Earth and Mars Using Clay Minerals; presented by Tom Bristow from SETI, 12:00 PST.

Feb 10-12 — Caltech, Pasadena CA: WISE at 5: Legacy and Prospects.

Feb 11-13 — Astronomical Observatory of Belgrade, University of Pisa, Belgrade, Serbia: Stardust ITN – Local training workshop: Collisions in the Solar system.

Feb 12-16 — American Association for the Advancement of Science, San Jose CA: American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) 2015 Annual Meeting.

Feb 13 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; Meeting: Surveying the Transient Universe – From Electromagnetic to Gravitational Waves.

Feb 14 — New Horizons, Pluto Trajectory: Spacecraft to begin observations of Pluto / Charon today; closest approach estimated for Jul 14.

NET Feb 15 — Dawn, Main Asteroid Belt: Spacecraft approach imaging of Ceres to begin.

Feb 18-19 — SSERVI, NASA, Brown University, Providence RI: Space Horizons 2015: McMurdo on the Moon.

Feb 18-20 — Singapore Space and Technology Association, Singapore: Global Space Technology Convention (GSTC) 2015: Pan-Asia Satellite Solutions for a Rapidly Developing Regional Environment; at Sheraton Towers Singapore.

Feb 23-27 — Kavli Institute For Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara CA: Conference: Physics of Exoplanets – From Earth-sized to Mini-Neptunes.

NET Mar — XMM Newton, GTO: X-ray space observatory extended mission ends this month, future mission plans to be determined.

NET Mar — MESSENGER, Mercury Orbit: Spacecraft extended mission ends this month, planned to impact planet surface.

Mar 2-5 — European Southern Observatory (ESO), Santiago, Chile: Workshop: Ground and Space Observatories – A Joint Venture to Planetary Science.

Mar 2-6 — ESA, Lisbon, Portugal: 8th European Symposium on Aerothermodynamics for Space Vehicles.

Mar 7-14 — IEEE, Big Sky MT: 2015 IEEE Aerospace Conference.

Mar 9-13 — University of Concepción Department of Astronomy, Puerto Varas, Chile: Conference: Unveiling the AGN/Galaxy Evolution Connection.

Mar 10-12 — American Astronautical Society, Greenbelt MD: 53rd Goddard Memorial Symposium.

Mar 12 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-14, LEO: Expedition 41/42 members Yelena Serova (RSA), Alexander Samokutyaev (RSA), Barry Wilmore (NASA) scheduled to return to Earth.

Mar 12 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Atlas 5 / Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: ULA Atlas 5 rocket to launch NASA 4-spacecraft MMS mission (22:44 – 23:14 EDT) to make 3D measurements of magnetospheric boundary regions, examine process of magnetic reconnection.

Mar 13 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; Meeting: Building an Open UK SKA-Science Consortium?; Meeting: Geology from Space – Tectonic Applications of High-resolution Topography and Imagery.

Mar 15-19 — Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL), Sintra, Portugal: Conference: Latest Results from the Deepest Astronomical Surveys.

Mar 16-19 — SES, Thales Alenia Space, Eutelsat America, Hughes, et al, Washington DC: Satellite 2015 Conference; at Walter E. Washington Convention Center.

Mar 16-20 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, The Woodlands TX: 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC).

Mar 18-21 — Astronomical Society of Japan, TBD, Japan: Astronomical Society Japan (ASJ) 2015 Spring Meeting.

Mar 23-27 — European Southern Observatory, Santiago, Chile: Workshop: Dissecting Galaxies Near and Far.

Mar 24-26 — ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: Workshop: Simulation & Electrical Ground Support Equipment Facilities for Space Programmes.

Mar 28 — RSA, Launch Soyuz TMA-16M / ISS 42S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 43/44: Gennadi Padalka, Mikhail Kornienko of RSA, Scott Kelly of NASA; Kornieko and Kelly will begin 1 full year mission aboard ISS.

Mar 30 – Apr 2 — AIAA, Daytona Beach FL: 23rd AIAA Aerodynamic Decelerator Systems Technology Conference and Seminar.

Mar 31 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / Jason-3 satellite, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Jason-3 satellite will measure ocean topography for U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Europe EUMETSAT.

NET Apr — Dawn, Main Asteroid Belt: Spacecraft to arrive at Ceres this month, enter orbit; launched Sep 2007.

Apr 1 — Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Antares / Orb-4 (Cygnus 5), Wallops Island VA: OSC Antares rocket to launch 5th Cygnus cargo freighter on 4th operational flight to the ISS.

Apr 10 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: RAS Ordinary Meeting; Meeting: Spectroscopy of Airless Bodies in Wavelengths from the Visible to the Microwave – Orbital, Telescopic and/or Laboratory Measurements relevant to Mercury, the Moon and Asteroids.

Apr 12 — New Horizons, Pluto Trajectory: Spacecraft to begin Pluto closest encounter operations today (closest approach Jul 14).

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2015; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 12-17 — European Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2015.

Apr 13-16 — Space Foundation, Colorado Springs CO: 31st National Space Symposium.

Apr 13-17 — International Academy of Astronautics, Frascati, Italy: 4th Planetary Defense Conference.

Apr 13-17 — ESO, Santiago, Chile: ESO Workshop: Satellites and Streams in Santiago.

Apr 20-24 — Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland: Meeting: The Evolving Blazar Paradigm.

Apr 26 – May 1 — American Astronomical Society Solar Physics Division, Indianapolis IN: 1st Joint Meeting: AAS Solar Physics Division/AGU Space Physics and Aeronomy Section.

Apr 28-29 — The National Academies, Washington DC: Space Studies Board Meeting.

Apr 30 — RSA, Launch Soyuz / Progress 59P, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch 59th Progress cargo ship to ISS.

May 1-3 — SES Summit Organizing Committee, League City TX: Sea, Earth and Space (SES) Summit; at South Shore Harbour Resort & Conference Center.

May 1 – Jun 30 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, National Space Grant Foundation, Houston TX: 2015 eXploration Habitat (X-Hab); university-level students’ designs for functional space habitat subsystems prototypes to be submitted & evaluated.

May 3-7 — American Geophysical Union, Canadian Geophysical Union, Geological Association of Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada: 2015 Joint Assembly on Geophysical Sciences.

May 8 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: RAS Ordinary Meeting; Meeting: Astroseismology – High-precision Stellar Metrics for the Exoplanet Era.

May 9 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Distant Flyby of Polydeuces (34,000 km), Telesto (46,000 km), Aegaeon (93,000 km), Daphnis (114,000 km).

May 9-13 — SRR/PTMSS, CIM, Montreal, Quebec, Canada: 6th Planetary & Terrestrial Mining Sciences Symposium and Space Resources Roundtable; Canadian Institute of Mining (CIM) 2015 Convention.

May 12 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-15M, LEO: Expedition 42/43 members Samantha Cristoforetti (ESA), Anton Shkaplerov (RSA), Terry Virts (NASA) return to Earth.

May 19-21— International Academy of Astronautics, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine: 5th IAA Conference on Space Technologies: the Present and Future.

May 19-21 — Smartershows, ATK, Space Frontier Foundation, Commercial Spaceflight Federation, et al, Long Beach CA: Space Tech Expo: Design – Build – Test; bringing together global decision-makers involved in design, build, testing of spacecraft, satellite, launch vehicle, space-related technologies.

May 19-22 — Planetary Crater Consortium, JHU/APL, Universities Space Research Association (USRA), Lunar and Planetary Institute, NASA, Laurel MD: Conference: Craters – Populations, Chronologies & Stats.

May 20-25 — National Space Society, Canadian Space Commerce Association, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: 2015 International Space Development Conference (ISDC2015); at Hyatt Regency hotel.

May 25-27 — AIAA, St. Petersburg, Russia: 22nd St. Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems.

May 25-26 — Terrapinn Holdings Ltd., Russian Satellite Communications Co., SatADSL, et al, Johannesburg, South Africa: Conference: SatCom Africa; at Sandton Convention Centre.

May 25-29 — ESO, University of Crete, Plantanias-Chania, Crete, Greece: Conference: Gas, Dust, and Star-Formation in Galaxies from the Local to Far Universe.

May 26 — RSA, Launch Soyuz TMA-17M / ISS 43S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 44/45: Kjell Lindgren of NASA, Kimiya Yui of JAXA, Oleg Kononenko of RSA.

May 28-29 — Pennsylvania State University, University Park PA: Emerging Researchers in Exoplanet Science Symposium (ERES).

NET Jun — Galactic Suite, China Great Wall Industry Corp., Barcelona Moon Team, TBD: Launch Long March 2C / Robotic Moon Vehicle; Galactic Suite will lead Barcelona Moon Team in attempt to reach Moon and win Google Lunar XPRIZE.

NET Jun — SpaceX, Iridium Communications, Launch Falcon 9 / Iridium Next, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX set to begin launch of Iridium Next satellites, 9 at a time aboard 8 Falcon 9 rockets between mid-2015 and 2017.

NET Jun — American Astronomical Society, TBD: 226th Meeting of the AAS.

Jun 1-5 — University of Colorado – Boulder, Atlanta GA: Magnetospheres of the Outer Planets (MOP) 2015 Conference.

Jun 1-5 — University Paul Sabatier, Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology, Toulouse, France: French Astronomy Week 2015.

Jun 1-5 — University of Potsdam Department of Physics and Astronomy, Potsdam, Germany: International Workshop on Wolf-Rayet Stars.

Jun 1 – Aug 7 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston TX: 2015 LPI Summer Intern Program in Planetary Science.

Jun 2-4 — Max-Planck-Institute for Radioastronomy, Berlin, Germany: Workshop: Formation of the Solar System II.

Jun 8-10 — ESA, Madrid, Spain: XMM-Newton 2015 Science Workshop: The Extremes of Black Hole Accretion.

Jun 8-12 — Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland: Euclid Consortium Meeting 2015; at SwissTech Convention Center.

Jun 8-12 — Italy National Institute for Astrophysics, Firenze, Italy: Conference: IGM@50 – Is the Intergalactic Medium Feeding Star Formation?

Jun 8-13 — NASA, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester MA: Sample Return Robot Challenge.

Jun 9-11 — International Academy of Astronautics, Berlin, Germany: 11th IAA Low-Cost Planetary Missions Conference.

Jun 12-14 — American Astronautical Society, AIAA, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Burkett TX: Annual CanSat Competition.

Jun 14-18 — Gemini Observatory, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Conference: The Future and Science of Gemini Observatory.

Jun 15 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Polydeuces flyby scheduled at 35,000-km altitude.

Jun 15-19 — DLR, ESA, JPL, NASA, Cologne, Germany: 12th International Planetary Probe Workshop (IPPW-12).

Jun 15 – Aug 14 — International Space University, Athens OH: 28th Annual Space Studies Program (SSP15); at Ohio University.

Jun 16 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Flyby scheduled for Dione (516 km), Telesto (44,000 km), Janus (101,000 km), Methone (110,000 km), Atlas (111,000 km), Pan (118,000 km), Titan (958,000 km).

Jun 19 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 8 & BEAM, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 10th Dragon spacecraft on 8th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS; will also carry Bigelow Expandable Activity Module.

Jun 21-25 — U.S. DoD, DoE, FAA, NASA, Boeing Co., ATK, et al, Chantilly VA: 2015 National Space & Missile Materials Symposium (NSMMS) & the Commercial and Government Responsive Access to Space Technology Exchange (CRASTE); at Westfields Marriott Washington Dulles.

Jun 22-26 — AIAA, Dallas TX: AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA AVIATION 2015); at Hilton Anatole.

Jun 29-31 — NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group, Washington DC: 13th Meeting of the NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group (SBAG).

Jun 29 – Jul 3 — International Academy of Astronautics, Prague, Czech Republic: 20th IAA Human in Space Symposium.

Jun 29 – Jul 4 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Simulating Galaxies in a Cosmological Context – Where We Are.

NET Jul — Dawn, Main Asteroid Belt: End of scheduled primary mission, future plans to be decided; launched in Sep 2007.

NET Jul — Arianespace, Launch LISA Pathfinder, Kourou, French Guiana: Launch of ESA / NASA JPL spacecraft to Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange point for first-phase of LISA mission; will be capable of detecting gravitational waves generated by massive objects, advance understanding of how space and time are interconnected.

NET Jul — Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Antares / Orb-5 (Cygnus 6), Wallops Island VA: OSC Antares rocket to launch 6th Cygnus cargo freighter on 5th operational flight to the ISS.

NET Jul — KARI, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute expects to have completed development of indigenous first-stage rocket.

Jul 4 — Juno, Jupiter Trajectory: Spacecraft is one year away from reaching Jupiter; launched Aug 2011.

Jul 6-9 — AIAA, Glasgow, Scotland: 20th AIAA International Spaceplanes, Hypersonics Systems and Technology Conference.

Jul 6-11 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Galaxy Clustering within Euclid OULE3.

Jul 7-9 — International Academy of Astronautics, Turin, Italy: 9th IAA Symposium on The Future of Space Exploration – Towards New Global Programmes.

Jul 7-9 — American Astronautical Society, Boston MA: 4th International Space Station (ISS) Research and Development Conference; at Boston Marriott Copley Place.

Jul 7-10 — NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field CA: 2nd Comparative Climatology of Terrestrial Planets Conference.

Jul 13-17 — CNES, NASA ExoPlanet Science Institute, Bern University, et al, Berne, Switzerland: Conference: Pathways Towards Habitable Planets II.

Jul 14 — New Horizons, Pluto Fly By: Spacecraft conducts long-awaited encounter with Pluto today at 01:49 HST; expected to fly by ~9,600 km altitude at 44,000 kph; launched Jan 19, 2006.

Jul 20 — 46th Apollo 11 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — 39th Viking 1 Mars Lander Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Jul 27-29 — AIAA, Orlando FL: AIAA Propulsion and Energy Forum and Exposition (Propulsion and Energy 2015); at Hilton Orlando.

Jul 27-29 — Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore MD: Workshop: Mocking the Universe.

Jul 30 — RSA, Launch Soyuz / Progress 60P, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch 60th Progress cargo ship to ISS.

Aug 3-14 — International Astronomical Union, Honolulu HI: 2015 IAU General Assembly.

Aug 9 – Sep 13 — Aspen Center for Physics, Aspen CO: Workshop: New Directions to Shed Light on Dark Matter.

Aug 17 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Dione flyby scheduled at 474-km altitude.

Aug 17-21 — Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan: 8th Meeting on Cosmic Dust.

Aug 31 – Sep 2 — AIAA, Pasadena CA: AIAA Space and Astronautics Forum and Exposition (SPACE 2015); to discuss commercial cargo and crew space transportation, weather satellites, launch vehicles.

Sep 1-7 — Cantabria Institute of Physics, Mediterranean Sea: CosmoCruise 2015; talks and posters centered on Cosmology during cruise on Royal Caribbean ship ‘Allure of the Seas.’

Sep 20-27 — Association of Space Explorers, Stockholm, Sweden: 28th Planetary Congress of the ASE.

Sep 30 — RSA, Launch Soyuz TMA-18M / ISS 44S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 45/46; to include Andreas Mogensen of ESA (the 1st Danish Astronaut), Sergi Volkov of RSA, Spaceflight Participant Sarah Brightman of the UK.

NET Oct — SpaceX, Astrobotic Technology Inc., Launch Falcon 9 / Astrobotic Griffin Lander & Red Rover, TBD: SpaceX scheduled to launch Astrobotic Griffin Lander & Red Rover to attempt to reach Moon, win Google Lunar XPRIZE and explore lunar skylight thought to be entrance to subsurface cave network.

Oct 1 MAVEN, Mars Orbit: Spacecraft 1-year nominal science mission at 150-km altitude ends today; future mission plans to be determined.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2015.

Oct 5-9 — Haute-Provence Observatory, Saint Michel, France: OHP 2015 Colloquium: Twenty Years of Giant Exoplanets.

Oct 10 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-16M, LEO: Gennadi Padalka, Andreas Mogenson and Spaceflight Participant Sarah Brightman scheduled to return to Earth.

Oct 11 — International Academy of Astronautics, Jerusalem, Israel: IAA Academy Day.

Oct 12 — ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: Conference: Exploring the Universe with JWST.

Oct 12-16 — International Astronautical Federation, Jerusalem, Israel: 66th International Astronautical Congress.

Oct 22 — RSA, Launch Soyuz / Progress 61P, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch 61st Progress cargo ship to ISS.

Oct 28 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Enceladus flyby scheduled at 49-km altitude.

NET Nov — Venus Climate Orbiter (Akatsuki), Solar Orbit / Venus Trajectory: JAXA US$300M spacecraft is expected to achieve Venus orbit this month using small engine burns; if successful will study Venus clouds, atmosphere, weather; launched May 2010 – main engine failure prevented spacecraft from reaching Venus sooner.

Nov 8-13 — American Astronomical Society, National Harbor MD: 47th Annual Meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society; at Gaylord National Harbor Hotel.

Nov 16 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-17M, LEO: Expedition 44/45 members Kjell Lindgren of NASA, Kimiya Yui of JAXA, Oleg Kononenko of RSA scheduled to return to Earth.

Nov 17-19 — Smartershows, WFB Bremen, et al, Bremen, Germany: Space Tech Expo Europe: Design – Build – Test.

Nov 30 — RSA, Launch Soyuz TMA-19M / ISS 45S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 46/47: Timothy Peake of ESA, Sergei Zalyotin of RSA, Timothy Kopra of NASA.

NET Dec — Penn State Lunar Lion, TBD: Launch Lunar Lion; Penn State Lunar Lion spacecraft to be launched in attempt to reach Moon and win Google Lunar XPRIZE.

Dec 1 — Rosetta, Comet 67P / Churyumov-Gerasimenko Orbit: End of scheduled mission.

Dec 6 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Epimetheus flyby scheduled at 2,616-km altitude; Prometheus flyby at 21,000-km altitude.

Dec 31 — XPRIZE Foundation, Santa Monica CA: Google Lunar XPRIZE closing date; grand prize of US$20M.

2016

NET 2016 — Boeing Company, Launch Atlas V / Boeing CST-100, TBD: Boeing CST-100 crewed test flight.

NET 2016 — Orbital Technologies Ltd., LEO: Commercial Space Station / Orbiting Hotel expected to begin operations this year; US$800K for flight, $160K for 5-days of accommodation.

NET 2016 — CNSA, Launch Tiangong-2 Space Lab, TBD, China: Core module of China Space Station (Tiangong-2) expected to launch to LEO this year (orbit between 350 – 450 km).

NET 2016 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Moon Express Inc., Canadensys Aerospace Corp., Launch ILO-1, TBD: Launch of ILOA multifunctional 2-meter dish observatory to Moon South Pole; will conduct radio astronomy, scientific & commercial communications, serve as catalyst for lunar base build-out.

NET 2016 — RSA, Launch Soyuz 2 / Luna-25, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Glob lander to launch to high latitude landing site in southern hemisphere on near side.

NET 2016 — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-4, China: Originally lander / rover back up for Chang’e-3, expected to launch this year to unexplored region of Moon.

NET 2016 — ISRO, Launch GSLV / Chandrayaan-2, India: India 2nd robotic Moon Mission expected to launch orbiter / lander / rover.

NET 2016 — Launch Cold Atom Laboratory, TBD: NASA JPL to launch CAL to ISS for the study of ultra-cold quantum gases in microgravity; to be installed into EXPRESS (EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station) Rack.

NET 2016 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon Heavy / LightSail, Vandenberg AFB CA: SpaceX to launch LightSail solar sail mission for Planetary Society.

NET 2016 — Virgin Galactic, Las Cruces NM: LauncherOne to begin launching small satellite payloads between 100-225 kg for less than US$10M.

NET 2016 — NASA, TBD: Asteroid selection to occur this year as part of Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM); 500,000-kg asteroid to be captured 2019, relocated to Moon orbit, visited by Humans via Space Launch System 2021.

NET Jan — Mars One, Launch of Mars Demonstration Mission & Communication Satellite, TBD: Launch of Demonstration Mission to test technologies for human mission, satellite to be placed in Mars orbit enabling 24/7 communication.

NET Jan — Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Antares / Orb-6 (Cygnus 7), Wallops Island VA: OSC Antares rocket to launch 7th Cygnus cargo freighter on 6th operational flight to the ISS.

NET Jan — Southwest Research Institute, Langley Research Center, NASA, Launch Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System, TBD: Launch of 8 hurricane-tracking nanosatellites.

Jan 3-7 — American Astronomical Society, Kissimmee FL: 227th Meeting of the AAS.

Jan 5 — Juno, Jupiter Trajectory: Quiet Cruise phase ends today, spacecraft begins Jupiter Approach phase, will last 178 days.

Jan 7-27 — ESA, RSA, Launch ExoMars Orbiter & EDM, TBD: ESA Trace Gas Orbiter and Entry, Descent & Landing Demonstrator Module to be launched by RSA launch system; 20-day launch window opens Jan 7, expected to reach Mars Oct 19.

Jan 27 — 49th Apollo 1 Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further information.

Jan 28 — 30th Challenger STS-51L Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

NET Feb — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft will search for Earth-sized planets around Proxima Centauri as star passes in front another star; sensitive ground and space-based telescopes, such as ESA Gaia and ESO VLT may search as well.

Feb 1 — 13th Columbia STS-107 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

Feb 8 — JAXA, Launch H-2B / HTV-6, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: An uncrewed Japan H-2B rocket set to launch 6th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 6) to deliver supplies to ISS.

Feb 13 — ISS, HTV-6 Capture & Berthing, LEO: JAXA 6th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 6) to be captured & berthed with to Unity Nadir on ISS.

NET Mar 8-27 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Launch InSight, TBD: Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) Mars lander to launch to Mars, study deep interior; expected to arrive Sep 20, 2016; end of operations planned for Sep 18, 2018.

Mar 14 — ISS, HTV-6 Unberthing, LEO: JAXA 6th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 6) to be unberthed from Unity Nadir, burn up during Earth atmosphere reentry.

Mar 16 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-18M, LEO: Sergei Volkov, Mikhail Korniyenko, Scott Kelly scheduled to return to Earth.

Mar 30 — RSA, Launch Soyuz TMA-20M / ISS 46S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 47/48: Aleksei Ovchinin, Oleg Skripochka of RSA, Jeffrey Williams of NASA.

NET Apr MAVEN, Mars Orbit: Expected end of spacecraft scientific results.

Apr 4 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Titan flyby scheduled at 990-km altitude.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2016; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 15-17 — Lockheed Martin Corp., Washington DC: USA Science and Engineering Festival; at Walter E. Washington Convention Center, featuring more than 1,000 corporations & organizations, more than 3,000 hands-on exhibits & stage shows.

Apr 30 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Telescope, launched in 1990, extended operations contract ends today; further evaluation / mission planning to occur.

May 9 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; entire transit visible in eastern N. America, S. America, Western Europe; partial transit visible everywhere else except Australia and far eastern Asia; 01:12 – 08:42 HST.

May 16 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-19M, LEO: Expedition 46/47 members Timothy Peake, Sergei Zalyotin, Timothy Kopra scheduled to return to Earth.

NET Jun — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Gaia spacecraft first set of data to be released this month; spacecraft mapping more than 1B stars in Milky Way Galaxy.

NET Jun — Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Antares / Orb-7 (Cygnus 8), Wallops Island VA: OSC Antares rocket to launch 8th Cygnus cargo freighter on 7th operational flight to the ISS.

Jun 12-16 — American Astronomical Society, San Diego CA: 228th Meeting of the AAS.

Jul 4 — Juno, Jupiter System: Spacecraft scheduled to arrive at Jupiter and complete Orbital Insertion phase; spacecraft will have traveled about 18.7 AU (2.8B km); estimated arrival at 16:30 HST (02:30 UTC Jul 5).

Jul 5 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Capture Orbit phase to begin today, will last 106 days.

Jul 11-17 — Farnborough International Airshow, United Kingdom: 49th Farnborough International Air Show; International Space Pavilion offers 1,100 square meters of exhibit space dedicated to space industry products, projects, professionals.

Jul 14 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Trajectory: Spacecraft 1-year science observations of Pluto ends today; Kuiper Belt objects of interest to be encountered after this date; project expected to continue until at least 2020.

Jul 20 — 47th Apollo 11 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — 40th Viking 1 Mars Lander Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

NET Sep — Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), LEO: Spacecraft 3-year mission to hunt for near-Earth objects within 45M km of Earth and support NASA Asteroid Initiative ends today; future observation goals or spacecraft hibernation date to be decided.

NET Sep — United Launch Alliance, Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch Atlas V / OSIRIS-REx, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) mission for asteroid sample return expected to launch this month to asteroid 101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36).

Sep 20InSight, Mars Surface: Potential date for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft to land on Mars surface and study deep interior; scheduled end of operations Sep 18, 2018.

NET OctInSight, Mars Surface: First scientific results expected this month.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2016.

Oct 19 — ExoMars Orbiter & EDM, Mars Orbit & Surface: ESA Trace Gas Orbiter expected to reach Mars orbit today (if launched Jan 7, 2016) and Entry, Descent & Landing Demonstrator Module to land on surface.

Oct 19 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft to conduct Period Reduction Maneuver today.

Oct 20 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft begins Orbit 1-2 phase today, will last 20 days.

NET Nov — United Launch Alliance, Launch Delta 2 / Joint Polar Satellite System-1 spacecraft, Vandenberg AFB CA: Launch of Joint Polar Satellite System-1 (JPSS-1) spacecraft, developed by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center for NOAA, aboard Delta 2 rocket from Complex 2.

Nov 1 — Sierra Nevada Corp., Launch Atlas V / Dream Chaser, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SNC to launch Dream Chaser on first orbital test flight.

Nov 9 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft begins Science Orbit phase, will last 336 days; scheduled to orbit planet 33 times around poles, come within 5,000 km of planet cloud tops.

Nov 14 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Titan flyby scheduled at 1,582-km altitude.

Nov 30 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Spacecraft to begin orbits bringing it closer to Saturn starting with F ring, the outermost ring.

Dec 18 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Flyby scheduled of Pandora, in Saturn F-ring, at 13,800-km altitude.

2017

NET 2017 — Sierra Nevada Corp., Launch Atlas V / Dream Chaser, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Dream Chaser to begin trips to LEO with humans on board; this advanced vehicle will be built in cooperation with Lockheed Martin through NASA Certification Products Contract.

NET 2017 — Bigelow Aerospace LLC, TBD: Launch Alpha Station to LEO, a commercial space station consisting of 2 BA-330 modules and 110 cubic meters of space.

NET 2017 — RSA, Launch Proton / Nauka & European Robotic Arm, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Proton Rocket set to deliver Russia Multipurpose Laboratory Module Nauka “Science” with ERA to replace Russia Pirs module on ISS.

NET 2017 — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-5, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan, China: Earliest expected date for 3rd phase of China Lunar Exploration Program to collect lunar soil samples, return to Earth as precursor to human missions.

NET 2017 — NASA, Launch Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), TBD: Launch of TESS to perform all-sky survey to discover transiting exoplanets in habitable zones around nearest and brightest stars in sky.

NET 2017 — ESA, Launch ESA CHEOPS, TBD: Launch of CHaracterising ExOPlanets Satellite (CHEOPS) to LEO; planned mission to last 3.5 years.

Jan 8-12 — American Astronomical Society, Grapevine TX: 229th Meeting of the AAS.

Jan 16 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Daphnis, 8-km diameter moon in Keeler Gap of Saturn A-ring, flyby scheduled at 17,800-km altitude.

Jan 27 — 50th Apollo 1 Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further information.

Jan 28 — 31st Challenger STS-51L Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

NET Feb — JAXA, Launch H-2B / HTV-7, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: An uncrewed Japan H-2B rocket set to launch 7th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 7) to deliver supplies to ISS.

Feb 1 — 14th Columbia STS-107 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

Mar 7 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Flyby scheduled at 25,000-km altitude of 35-km diameter, 23-km high Pan, Saturn innermost known moon located in Encke Gap of A-ring.

Apr 12 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Flyby of Atlas, in outer-edge of Saturn A-ring, scheduled at 14,800-km altitude.

Apr 22 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Spacecraft scheduled to begin orbits inside Saturn D ring, the innermost ring.

NET Jun — American Astronomical Society, TBD: 230th Meeting of the AAS.

NET Jul — United Launch Services, Launch Solar Orbiter spacecraft, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: European Space Agency & NASA spacecraft to perform close-up study of Sun and inner heliosphere; projected 3-year journey to Sun; closest Solar distance to be 0.28 AU.

Jul 20 — 48th Apollo 11 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — 41st Viking 1 Mars Lander Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Sep 15 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Projected date for end of Cassini-Huygens extended mission with controlled fall into Saturn atmosphere.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2017.

Oct 11 — Juno, Jupiter System: Scheduled end of mission; spacecraft to perform deorbit maneuver (lasting 130 hours) and plunge into Jupiter to ensure no accidental impact of Europa, Ganymede, Callisto.

Oct 16 — Juno, Jupiter System: Anticipated Jupiter atmospheric impact, total distance traveled including orbits around Jupiter estimated at 22.66 AU (3.39B km).

2018

NET 2018 — Golden Spike Company, Moon Landing: Possible date for GSC 1st Human Moon landing.

NET 2018 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station experimental core module, TBD, China: Core module of China Space Station expected to launch to LEO this year (orbit between 350 – 450 km), followed by launch of laboratory modules in 2020 and 2022.

NET 2018 — RSA, Launch Angara A5 / ACV, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Test flight of 6-person Advanced Crew Vehicle; will carry 500 kg of cargo and could travel to Moon.

NET 2018 — RSA, Launch Luna-26, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Resurs 0 (Luna-Resurs Orbiter) to launch to polar orbit for 1 year at 100-150 km altitude, 2 years at 500-700 km altitude; will provide communications relay capabilities for following missions.

NET 2018 — Mars One, Launch of Mars Rover & Communication Satellite, TBD: Launch of rover with trailer, will help find best location for human settlement, clear areas for arrival of cargo; second communications satellite to be placed in orbit.

NET 2018 — JAXA, Launch H-2A / SELENE-2, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: JAXA Selenological and Engineering Explorer 2 lunar orbiter, lander, rover expected to launch.

NET 2018 — ESA, RSA, Launch ExoMars Lander & Rover, TBD: ESA Carrier and Rover (“Mars Yard”), RSA Descent Module and Surface Platform to be launched by RSA launch system.

NET 2018 — Arianespace, Launch James Webb Space Telescope, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency, Canadian Space Agency and NASA infrared-optimized space telescope with 6.5-meter mirror to reside in orbit 1.5M km away from Earth; will search for 1st galaxies that formed in early Universe.

NET 2018 — Canadian Space Agency, Launch RADARSAT Constellation, TBD: CSA RADARSAT Constellation Mission with 3 satellites will provide complete coverage of Canada vast land mass and oceans.

Jan 5 — Inspiration Mars Foundation, Launch Humans for Mars flyby, USA: Planning to send 1 woman and 1 man on 501-day round trip to come within 161 km of Mars.

Jan 7-11 — American Astronomical Society, National Harbor MD: 231st Meeting of the AAS.

Jan 27 — 51st Apollo 1 Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further detail.

Jan 28 — 32nd Challenger STS-51L Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

Feb 1 — 15th Columbia STS-107 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

NET Mar — KARI, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute expects to have completed development of indigenous second-stage rocket.

NET Jun — Hayabusa 2, Asteroid 1999 JU3 Orbit: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to arrive at C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” this month; will study for about 1.5 years, make artificial crater, sample asteroid, and return to Earth 2020.

NET Jun — American Astronomical Society, TBD: 232nd Meeting of the AAS.

Jul 20 — 49th Apollo 11 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — 42nd Viking 1 Mars Lander Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Sep 18InSight, Mars Surface: Scheduled end to Mars surface operations mission; future plans / goals to be determined.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2018.

NLT Nov — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion EM-1, Kennedy Space Center FL: The first test flight of NASA Space Launch System with uncrewed Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle and ESA-provided Service Module; to feature configuration for 70-metric-ton lift capacity; Orion spacecraft to perform circumlunar trajectory during the 7-day mission.

2019

NET 2019 — NASA, Launch Asteroid Retrieval and Utilization Mission spacecraft, TBD: Asteroid retrieval spacecraft to launch to 500,000-kg NEA to capture and relocate to Moon orbit.

NET 2019 — RSA, Launch Luna-27, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Resurs 1 lander expected to launch to Moon South Pole to target frozen volatiles in sub surface.

Jan 6-10 — American Astronomical Society, TBD: 233rd Meeting of the AAS.

Jan 27 — 52nd Apollo 1 Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further information.

Jan 28 — 33rd Challenger STS-51L Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

Feb 1 — 16th Columbia STS-107 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

NET May — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Gaia spacecraft 5-year scheduled mission ends this month; future plans to be decided.

Jul 20 — 50th Apollo 11 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — 43rd Viking 1 Mars Lander Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

NET Oct — Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Cerro Pachón, Chile: Construction of LSST to be completed this month; team expects to achieve first light before the end of this year, begin science operations 2021.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2019.

Nov 11 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; 02:35 – 08:04 HST.

NET Dec — Hayabusa 2, Earth Trajectory: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to depart from C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” this month; will return to Earth 2020 with asteroid samples.

2020

NLT 2020 — CNSA, Launch Mars Orbiter & Rover Mission, TBD, China: China expects to launch Orbiter & Rover mission to Mars before this year; planning sample return mission in 2030.

NET 2020 — ISS, LEO: Funding of International Space Station ends this year; mission extension to at least 2028 is expected; future goals and scientific, engineering, utilization, education potential to be determined.

NET 2020 — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3 / Crewed Mission, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk.3 expected to launch crewed mission this year.

NET 2020 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt: Spacecraft operations expected to reach an end this year after reaching Pluto, Charon and designated Kuiper Belt objects; future trajectory / mission plans to be determined.

NET 2020 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station laboratory module 1, TBD, China: Laboratory module 1 of China Space Station expected to launch to LEO this year / attach to core module; second laboratory module to launch 2022.

NET 2020 — KARI, Launch Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 / Moon Orbiter, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: South Korea to launch Orbiter to Moon; will operate at 100-km altitude for at least one year; to be followed by Moon lander & rover.

NET 2020 — KARI, Launch Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 / Moon Lander & Rover, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: South Korea to launch Moon lander & rover to look for signs of rare minerals on Moon surface.

NET 2020 — Moon Express, Launch Moon Sample Return Mission, TBD: Launch of spacecraft for Moon Sample Return Mission.

NET 2020 — Solar Orbiter spacecraft, Sun Orbit: Spacecraft expected to reach Sun orbit this year after 3 year journey; will perform close-up study of Sun and inner heliosphere; closest Solar approach to occur every 5 months at distance of 0.28 AU.

NET 2020 — RSA, Launch Luna-28, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Resurs 2 expected to launch to Moon South Pole for return sample mission.

NET 2020 — Arianespace, Launch Soyuz / Euclid, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency spacecraft with 1.2-meter telescope, projected 6-year lifetime to launch to Sun-Earth Lagrange point L2; will measure accelerated expansion of Universe, aid in understanding of dark energy / dark matter.

Jan 6-10 — American Astronomical Society, TBD: 235th Meeting of the AAS.

Jan 27 — 53rd Apollo 1 Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further detail.

Jan 28 — 34th Challenger STS-51L Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

Feb 1 — 17th Columbia STS-107 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

NLT Jun — KARI, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute to test launch indigenous third-stage rocket.

NET Jul / Aug — NASA, Launch Mars Rover, TBD: NASA Mars robotic rover with 7 science instruments to launch in 2020 to explore planet / advance development of Human Mars missions projected for 2030s.

Jul 20 — 51st Apollo 11 Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — 44th Viking 1 Mars Lander Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2020.

NET Dec — Hayabusa 2, Earth Surface: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to arrive at Earth with samples from C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” this month.

2021

NET 2021 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion EM-2, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: The 1st fully-crewed Orion Moon flight to last 10-14 days; will use J-2X powered upper stage.

NET 2021 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Human Asteroid Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Launch of Astronauts via Space Launch System to relocated 500,000-kg Asteroid now orbiting Moon.

NET 2021 — RSA, Launch Luna-29, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Resurs 3 Moon lander mission goals / landing site TBD.

NET 2021 — Government of the United Arab Emirates, TBD: UAE plans to have established a space agency before this date in order to launch the first Arab spacecraft to Mars this year in celebration of 50th observation of nation’s founding.

NET 2021 — Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Cerro Pachón, Chile: LSST team expects to begin science operations this year.

NET Mar — KARI, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute expects to have completed development of indigenous third-stage rocket.

2022

NET 2022 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station laboratory module 2, TBD, China: Final piece of China Space Station Laboratory module 2 to launch to LEO this year; station to orbit between 350 – 450 km, accommodate 3 crew members for 6 month stays, expected to operate until at least 2032.

NET 2022 — BepiColombo, Mercury Orbit: European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) expected to reach Mercury and achieve polar orbit; will map planet, investigate magnetosphere.

NET 2022 — ExoMars Orbiter & EDM, Mars Orbit & Surface: End of mission for ESA Trace Gas Orbiter and Entry, Descent & Landing Demonstrator Module; future plans / extended missions to be decided.

NET 2022 — Thirty Meter Telescope Observatory Corp., Mauna Kea HI: TMT to begin scientific operations this year.

NET Jun — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / JUICE, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency Jupiter Icy moons Explorer (JUICE) with 11 science instruments is expected to reach Jupiter in 2030, spend at least 3.5 years studying Jupiter atmosphere and magnetosphere, moons Ganymede, Europa, Callisto and Io.

2023

NET 2023 — BepiColombo, Mercury Orbit: European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) 1-year nominal mission ends this year; future plans / mission extension to be determined.

NET 2023 — James Webb Space Telescope, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Planned end to 5-year primary mission; spacecraft expected to operate for another 5 years.

NET 2023 — OSIRIS-REx, Asteroid 101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36): Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft scheduled to return to Earth with asteroid sample of at least 60 grams this year.

2024

NET 2024 — ESA, Launch Soyuz / PLATO, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) mission to launch to Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point to find / study extrasolar planetary systems, seismic activity in stars for at least 6 years.

2026

NET 2026 — Euclid, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Scheduled end of European Space Agency Euclid mission to measure accelerated expansion of Universe, aid in understanding of dark energy / dark matter; future plans to be determined.

2029

Apr 13 — Asteroid 99942 Apophis, Earth Flyby: On this day, which happens to be a Friday, 320-meter diameter asteroid previously known as 2004 MN4 will narrowly miss Earth by about 30,000 km.

NET Jul — Chang’e-2, Deep Space: Spacecraft expected to come within 70M km of Earth this year after reaching 300M km apogee.

2030

NET 2030 — RSA, Launch Human Moon Mission, TBD, Russia: Russia plans to begin Human Moon missions within the year, work toward setting up Moon base.

NET 2030 — NASA, Launch Human Mars Mission, TBD: Projected date / decade for NASA to send Humans to Mars.

NET 2030 — CNSA, Launch Mars Sample Return Mission, TBD, China: China expects to launch sample return mission to Mars by this date.

NET 2030 — PLATO, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: ESA PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) 6-year mission to find / study extrasolar planetary systems, seismic activity in stars ends this year; mission extension / plans to be determined.

NET Jan — JUICE, Jupiter Orbit: ESA Jupiter Icy moons Explorer (JUICE) expected to reach Jupiter early this year; will spend at least 3.5 years studying Jupiter atmosphere and magnetosphere, moons Ganymede, Europa, Callisto and Io.

2032

Nov 12 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; starts Nov 12 at 20:41 HST, ends 01:07 Nov 13.

2033

NET 2033 — Government of the Republic of Turkey, Roketsan Inc., Ankara, Turkey: Turkey plans to have established a national Space Agency, and perhaps space-launch capabilities and more than 20 operational satellites by this year.

2036

Apr 13 — Asteroid 99942 Apophis, Earth Flyby: Asteroid, 320 meters in diameter & previously known as 2004 MN4, will make 2nd pass by Earth missing by about 50M km.

2060

2060 — EC2LIPSE, Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange Point: ISU project EC2LIPSE to explore climate change, create solar radiation management roadmap in Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange point.

2061

2061 — Halley’s Comet, Deep Space: Return of Halley’s Comet.

2078

NET 2078 — Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), LEO: Orbiting ultraviolet space telescope will fall to Earth, burn up upon atmospheric reentry this year – 65 years after being decommissioned in 2013.

2084

Nov 10 — Transit of Earth, Moon, Phobos: As seen from the slopes of Elysium Mons on Mars, the Earth, the Moon and Mars moon Phobos to pass directly between Mars and Sun; observers see Moon(s) and Earth as small dots gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2117

Dec 11 — Transit of Venus: Venus to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2125

Dec 8 — Transit of Venus: Venus to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

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