Downrange

SEP - NOV 2015 = All times for terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for international terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for space events, and…

= All times for international space / astro events in Hawaii Standard Time unless noted. Add 10 hours to obtain UT (‘Universal Time;’ Greenwich, England)

2015

Sep 7 — Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University College of Aviation, Online / Daytona Beach FL: Abstracts Due: 2nd Annual Space Traffic Management Conference: An Evolving Landscape.

Sep 7-10 — Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), National Astronomical Observatory of China (NAOC), Beijing, China: 2nd Beijing International Forum on Lunar and Deep-space Exploration (LDSE 2015); with conference chairman / Director of CAS Prof. Hejun Yin, chair of science & technology committee Prof. Ouyang.

Sep 7-10 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), Space Research Institute of Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria: United Nations/Austria Symposium on Integrated Space Technology Applications for Climate Change; Canceled.

Sep 7-10 — AIAA, Gold Coast, Australia: 33rd AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference (ICSSC-2015).

Sep 7-11 — Council of European Aerospace Societies, Delft, The Netherlands: 5th Challenges in European Aerospace (CEAS) Air & Space Conference & 12th European Workshop on Aircraft Design Education (EWADE).

Sep 7-11 — The University of Sheffield, Space Systems Laboratory, The European Office of Aerospace Research & Development, Liv, Ukraine: 3rd UK-Ukraine-Spain Meeting on Solar Physics and Space Science.

Sep 8-10 — Near Earth LLC, SpaceTec, Tethers Unlimited, et al, San Jose CA: SPACE 2.0 Summit: New Applications & Markets; at Crowne Plaza San Jose-Silicon Valley.

Sep 8-11 — Ames Research Center, NASA, Moffett Field CA: 2nd Comparative Climatology of Terrestrial Planets Conference.

Sep 8-14 — Centre for Planetary Science and Exploration, London, Ontario, Canada: 6th Annual Planetary Short Course.

Sep 9 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Space Age Publishing Co., Beijing, China: Galaxy Forum Beijing 2015: Astronomy from the Moon: Further Establishing the New Frontier; 14:00-17:00 at National Astronomical Observatories – Chinese Academy of Sciences, free & open to public.

Sep 10 — Arianespace, Launch Soyuz / Galileo 9 & 10, Kourou, French Guiana: Arianespace Ariane Soyuz rocket, designated VS12, to launch 2 Galileo satellites for Europe Galileo navigation constellation.

Sep 10 — SpaceFleet Ltd, East Romania: EARL D4 test model 1st launch to 25-km altitude planned for today.

Sep 10 — Worcester Astronomical Society, Worcester, United Kingdom: Presentation: Comets – Signposts in History.

Sep 10, 11 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: The von Kármán Lecture Series: The Birth of Planets Around the Sun and Other Stars; presented by Dr. Neal Turner.

Sep 10-13 — HawaiiCon, Waimea HI: HawaiiCon 2015; featuring local and international experts / professionals in science fiction, astronomy, comic books, TV; at Hapuna Beach Prince Hotel.

Sep 11 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-16M / ISS 42S, LEO: Exp 43/44 Gennady Padalka, Andreas Mogensen and Private Spaceflight Participant Satoshi Takamatsu scheduled to return to Earth, farewells begin 16:30 UT, landing about 7 hours later near Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan; live coverage available.

Sep 11 — Orwell Astronomical Society, Ipswich, Suffolk, United Kingdom: Lecture: Lunatick Astronomy.

Sep 11-13 — Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Camp Sagonaska, Alberta & Thomasburg, Canada: 29th Annual Alberta Star Party and Fall ‘N’ Stars 2015 Star Party.

Sep 14 — RSA, Launch Proton / Express AM8, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Proton Rocket to launch the Express AM8 satellite for Russian Satellite Communications Co.

Sep 14-16 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing, China: United Nations International Conference on Space-based Technologies for Disaster Management – A Consolidating Role in the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: 2015-2030; at Grand Gongda Jianguo Hotel.

Sep 14-18 — University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom: Conference: Modelling Galaxies Through Cosmic Times.

Sep 14-17 — Keck Institute for Space Studies, Pasadena CA: Workshop: Don’t Follow (Just) the Water – Does Life Occur in Non-Aqueous Media? – Part II; with Jack Beauchamp, Christophe Sotin, Jonathan Lunine.

Sep 14 – Dec 7 — SSERVI, NASA, Online: SSERVI teams at University of Central FL (CLASS) and Brown University/MIT (SEEED) give 13 lectures on Planetary Evolution: Phobos and Deimos, every Monday; live coverage available.

Sep 15-16 — International Academy of Astronautics, University Space Engineering Consortium (UNISEC-Europe), bavAIRia e. V., Wurzburg, Germany: 8th Pico- and Nano-Satellite Workshop: Technologies for Small Satellite Research.

Sep 15-16 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, Houston TX: Space Education event #spacED; highlighting the International Space Station and one-year mission with Astronaut Scott Kelly & Cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko.

Sep 15-18 — American Astronautical Society, Boeing Co., Lockheed Martin Corp., Secure World Foundation, Space Foundation, Wailea HI: Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference (AMOS); at Wailea Marriott.

Sep 16 — The British Interplanetary Society, London, United Kingdom: Lecture: Britain’s First Space Rocket – The Story of the Skylark; presented by Robin H. Brand.

Sep 16 — Library of Congress – Science, Technology and Business Division, Washington DC: Lecture: Icy Volcanism in the Outer Solar System; presented by Lynnae Quick.

Sep 16-17 — The National Academies, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Sep 17 — International Academy of Astronautics, Mexico City, Mexico: IAA Climate Change and Disaster Management Conference: Space Systems for the Benefit of Earth and Humankind.

Sep 18 — International Academy of Astronautics, Mexico City, Mexico: IAA Heads of Space Agencies Summit on Climate Change and Disaster Management.

Sep 19 — International Observe the Moon Night Organization, Global: International Observe the Moon Night 2015.

Sep 20-27 — Association of Space Explorers, Stockholm, Sweden: 28th Planetary Congress of the ASE.

Sep 21 — MAVEN, Mars Orbit: Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft enters 2nd year of operations in Mars orbit; will continue to study upper atmosphere; launched Nov 18, 2013.

Sep 21 — Cornell University, Ithaca NY: Lecture: Pluto Discussion Hour; presented by Jason Hofgartner.

Sep 21 — Silicon Valley Space Center, Mountain View CA: Lecture: Lightsail-A – Lessons Learned; presented by Lightsail team member Barbara Plante.

Sep 21-26 — University of Freiburg, Universities Space Research Association, NASA, Freiburg, Germany: Bridging the Gap III: Impact Cratering in Nature, Experiments and Modeling.

Sep 22 — SETI Institute, Mountain View CA: Lecture: Completing the Census of Exoplanetary Systems with Microlensing; presented by Scott Gaudi from Ohio State University.

Sep 22-23 — SMi Ltd., Maceio, Brazil: MilSatCom Latin America Conference.

Sep 22-24 — Asia-Pacific Satellite Communications Council, Seoul, S Korea: Asia-Pacific Satellite Communications Council (APSCC) Satellite Conference; at COEX Mall.

Sep 23 — The British Interplanetary Society, London, United Kingdom: Lecture: 2001 – An Odyssey Revisited; presented by Piers Bizony.

Sep 23-25 — ESA, SENER, Bilbao, Spain: 16th European Space Mechanisms and Tribology Symposium 2015; at Euskalduna Jauregia Conference Centre.

Sep 23-25 — University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany: Joint Workshop on High Pressure, Planetary, and Plasma Physics.

Sep 24 — Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan), Mars Orbit: India ISRO orbiter enters 2nd year of operations in Mars orbit; launched Nov 5, 2013.

Sep 24 — The National Academies, Washington DC: Meeting: Review of NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks.

Sep 25-26 — Kama‘aha, Kamehameha Schools, The Kohala Center, Hawai‘inuiākea – School of Hawaiian Knowledge at University of Hawaii Mānoa, Honolulu HI: Aimalama: Pacific Peoples’ Lunar Conference on Climate Change; to bring together peoples of Hawaiʻi & the Pacific who are revitalizing lunar practices to share lunar methodologies with one another & build a regional community of practice.

Sep 26 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Space Age Publishing Co., Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: Galaxy Forum Canada 2015: Astronomy from the Moon; at Irving K. Barber Learning Centre 182, University of British Columbia, 09:00-12:30.

Sep 26 — Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt MD: Goddard Space Flight Center Open House.

Sep 26-30 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Iranian Space Agency, Inter-Islamic Network on Space Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran: United Nations/Islamic Republic of Iran Workshop on Space Technology Applications for Dust Storm and Drought Monitoring; Canceled.

Sep 27 — Dawn, Ceres Orbit: NASA spacecraft enters 9th year in space today, launched Sep 27, 2007; entered orbit around 4 Vesta Jul 16, 2011, reached Ceres orbit March 6, 2015.

Sep 27 – Oct 1 — Pro-physica Foundation, GSI Helmholtz Centre, Warsaw, Poland: NUSTAR Week 2015.

Sep 27 – Oct 2 — European Planetary Science Congress, University of Nantes, Nantes, France: European Planetary Science Congress 2015; at La Cité Nantes Events Center.

Sep 28 — Cornell University, Ithaca NY: Lecture: The Galactic Center Massive Black Hole; presented by Reinhard Genzel.

Sep 28-29 — The National Academies, Washington DC: NASA Technology Roadmaps – Committee Meeting #1.

Sep 28 – Oct 2 — International Academy of Astronautics, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain: 4th Workshop on Robotic Autonomous Observatories.

Sep 28 – Oct 2 — European Southern Observatory, Santiago, Chile: Astrobio 2015 Astrobiology and Planetary Atmospheres.

Sep 28 — ISRO, Launch PSLV / Astrosat, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, flying on PSLV-C30 mission, to launch the Astrosat astronomical satellite to observe the universe in visible, ultraviolet & X-ray wavelengths, studying black holes, neutron stars, pulsars, quasars, white dwarfs, active galactic nuclei.

Sep 29 — SETI Institute, Mountain View CA: Lecture: Kepler’s Heartbeat Stars – When Binary Stars Get Funky; presented by Susan Thompson of SETI.

Sep 30 — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / NBN Co 1A & Arsat 2, Kourou, French Guiana: Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA226, to launch NBN Co 1A and Arsat 2 satellites.

NET Oct — ISRO, Launch Reusable Launch Vehicle-Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD), Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India RLV-TD mission to occur late this month or early Aug.

NET Oct — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 8 & BEAM, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 10th Dragon spacecraft on 8th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS; will also carry Bigelow Expandable Activity Module.

NET Oct — SpaceX, Iridium Communications, Launch Falcon 9 / Iridium Next, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX set to begin launch of Iridium Next satellites, 9 at a time aboard 8 Falcon 9 rockets between mid-2015 and 2017.

NET Oct — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / Jason-3 satellite, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Jason-3 satellite will measure ocean topography for U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Europe EUMETSAT.

NET Oct — Taiwan National Space Organization, Advanced Rocket Research Center, Jiupeng Base, Pingtung, Taiwan: First crowd-funded rocket of Taiwan to be launched to 100-km altitude this month.

NET Oct — ESA, Glenn Research Center, NASA, Sandusky OH: ESA test version of Orion service module to be delivered to Plumb Brook Station for testing.

Oct 1 MAVEN, Mars Orbit: Spacecraft 1-year nominal science mission at 150-km altitude ends today; future mission plans to be determined.

Oct 1 — RSA, Launch Soyuz / Progress 61P, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch 61st Progress cargo ship to ISS.

Oct 1 — British Interplanetary Society, Oxford, United Kingdom: Lecture: Apollo Artefacts and the Story They Have to Tell; presented by Mark Yates.

Oct 1 — Cornell University, Ithaca NY: Lecture: The Formation and Evolution of Massive Star Forming Disks; presented by Reinhard Genzel.

Oct 1 — American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Aerospace Division, Online / Orlando FL: Papers Due: ASCE Earth & Space Conference 2016; 15th Biennial ASCE International Conference on Engineering: Science, Construction and Operations in Challenging Environments; to be held Apr 11-15, 2016.

Oct 1-2 — University of California, Irvine CA: Workshop: Preparing for the 21-cm Cosmology Revolution.

Oct 2 — ULA, Launch Atlas 5 / Morelos 3 (MexSat 2), Cape Canaveral AFS FL: United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket to launch Morelos 3, or Mexsat 2, communications satellite for Mexican Ministry of Communications & Transportation.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2015: Discovery; to celebrate each year internationally the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition.

Oct 5 — RSA, Launch Proton / Turksat 4B, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage to deploy Turksat 4B communications satellite.

Oct 5 — European Astrobiology Network Association, ESA-ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: Astrobiology Graduates in Europe (AbGradE) Mission Design Workshop.

Oct 5 — Bradford Astronomical Society, Bradford, United Kingdom: Presentation: Neptune – A Calculated Guess.

Oct 5 — Cornell University, Ithaca NY: Lecture: Topographic Evidence of True Polar Wander on Enceladus; presented by Radwan Tajedine.

Oct 5-7 — Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore MD: Workshop: Feedback in the Magellanic Clouds.

Oct 5-9 — Haute-Provence Observatory, Mont Saint-Michel, France: OHP 2015 Colloquium: Twenty Years of Giant Exoplanets.

Oct 6-7 — DLR, ESA, CNES, Darmstadt, Germany: 4th Human Dependability Workshop (HUDEP 2015).

Oct 6-9 — Flexure Engineering, San Jose CA: 5th International Workshop on LunarCubes (LCW 5); topics include NewSpace, Silicon Valley Entrepreneurs, NASA, JPL, CubeQuest, SLS EM-1, Cislunar Communication & Transportation Infrastructure.

Oct 6-9 — European Astrobiology Network Association, ESA-ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: 15th EANA Astrobiology Conference.

Oct 7 — Cornell University, Ithaca NY: Lecture: Discovering the Radio Universe; presented by Ken Kellermann.

Oct 7-8 — New Mexico Space Grant Consortium, Blue Origin, AIAA, ULA, Boeing Co., et al, Las Cruces NM: International Symposium for Personal and Commercial Spaceflight (ISPCS 2015).

Oct 8 — ULA, Launch Atlas 5 / NROL-55, Vandenberg AFB CA: United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket to launch classified spacecraft payload for U.S. National Reconnaissance Office.

Oct 8 — Hosted Payload Alliance, Washington DC: Hosted Payload and Smallsat Summit; at Walter E. Washington Convention Center.

Oct 8 — Library of Congress – Science, Technology and Business Division, Washington DC: Lecture: The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (Tess); presented by Stephen Rinehart.

Oct 8 — Cornell University, Ithaca NY: Lecture: Radio Loud and Radio Quiet Quasars; presented by Ken Kellermann.

Oct 8, 9 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: von Kármán Lecture Series: Unveiling an Alien World: Dawn at Ceres; presented by Dr. Carol Raymond of DAWN Deputy Principal Investigator.

Oct 8-9 — STSG Poland (Społeczne Towarzystwo Szkoły Gimnazjalnej – Social Association of High Schools), Warsaw, Poland: Poland International Conference on Space Applications (PICOSA2015).

Oct 9 — The British Interplanetary Society, Herschel Society, Bath, United Kingdom: Joint British Interplanetary Society and Herschel Society Meeting: Zero Gravity; presented by John C. Ives at Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institute.

Oct 9 — The Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; Specialist Meeting: Weather on Other Planets: Measurement and Interpretation.

Oct 9-10 — Space Studies Board of U.S. National Academy of Sciences’ National Research Council, National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China: 2015-16 Forum for New Leaders in Space Science.

Oct 9-11 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Jerusalem, Israel: United Nations/International Astronautical Federation Workshop on Space Technology for Socio-Economic Benefits: Water Resources Management; Canceled.

Oct 10-11 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA/Caltech, Pasadena CA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Open House.

Oct 11 — International Astronautical Federation, Jerusalem, Israel: 2015 IPMC Young Professionals Workshop.

Oct 11 — International Academy of Astronautics, Jerusalem, Israel: IAA Academy Day.

Oct 12 — Cornell University, Ithaca NY: Lecture: Why Saturn Probe? presented by Jonathan Lunine.

Oct 12-16 — International Astronautical Federation, Jerusalem, Israel: 66th International Astronautical Congress: Space – The Gateway for Mankind’s Future; multidisciplinary congress that covers all space sectors and topics; at the Jerusalem International Convention Center (ICC).

Oct 12-16 — ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: Conference: Exploring the Universe with JWST; at European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC).

Oct 12-16 — Lagrange Laboratory, National Center for Scientific Research, Nice Observatory, Nice, France: Workshop: Exoplanetary Atmospheres and Habitability.

Oct 12-16 — Center for Theoretical Physics of the Universe (CTPU), Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Daejeon, S Korea: 12th Conference on Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics.

Oct 12-20 — International Centre for Theoretical Sciences (ICTS) of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bengaluru, India: Program: Extragalactic Relativistic Jets – Cause and Effect.

Oct 13 — Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson AZ: Lecture: Pluto, Up Close and Personal; presented by Dr. Veronica Bray.

Oct 13-16 — Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), Armenian Astronomical Society (ArAS), Astronomical Society of Iran (ASI), Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, Byurakan, Armenia: 1st Armenian-Iranian Astronomical Workshop.

Oct 14-15 — ASTech Paris, Proximum Group, Paris, France: Aero Space Days – Europe; at Paris Orly Airport.

Oct 16-17 — New Worlds Institute, Austin TX: New Worlds 2015; to focus on Colonizing the Moon, Mars and Free Space.

Oct 17 — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: Detecting some of the most energetic radiation in Space, ESA spacecraft enters 14th year of operations in Space.

Oct 18-24 — University of Hawaii – Manoa, Honolulu HI: Workshop: Solar Energetic Particles, Solar Modulation and Space Radiation – New Opportunities in the AMS-02 Era; at Queen Kapiolani Hotel.

Oct 19-23 — DLR German Space Operations Center (GSOC), ESA European Space Operations Centre (ESOC), Munich, Germany: 25th International Symposium on Space Flight Dynamics (ISSFD).

Oct 19-23 — NASA, Caltech/JPL, Pasadena CA: Cassini Project Science Group Meeting: Magnetospheric IMaging Instrument (MIMI) #67.

Oct 20-22 — Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI), NASA, Columbia MD: Lunar Exploration Analysis Group (LEAG) Meeting; with a focus on lunar resources & understanding the dynamic Moon; at Universities Space Research Association headquarters.

Oct 20-23 Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff AZ: 2nd International Planetary Caves Conference; with particular focus on Moon and Mars caves for human & robotic missions.

Oct 22 — Perton Library, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom: Presentation: Out of the Darkness – Pluto & The Outer Worlds.

Oct 24 — Mars Odyssey, Mars Orbit: NASA spacecraft enters 15th year in orbit around Mars today, holds record for longest-surviving continually active spacecraft in orbit around a planet other than Earth.

Oct 26 – Nov 6 — Committee for Space Research, São Paulo State University (UNESP), JAXA, ESA, IAU, Guaratingueta, Brazil: COSPAR Capacity Building Workshop: Planetary Data Mission Analysis.

Oct 27-29 — American Astronautical Society, Huntsville AL: Wernher von Braun Memorial Symposium; at University of Alabama Huntsville Campus

Oct 27-29 — Venus Exploration Analysis Group, NASA, Washington DC: 13th Meeting of the Venus Exploration Analysis Group (VEXAG).

Oct 27-29 — National Academies Space Studies Board, Irvine CA: Meeting: Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.

Oct 27-30 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston TX: 1st Landing Site/Exploration Zone Workshop for Human Missions to the Surface of Mars.

Oct 27 – Nov 4 — Institute for Medical & Biological Problems, Moscow, Russia: Six women scientists to participate in Moon mission mock-up to aid planning for future long-duration Moon missions & permanent settlements.

Oct 28 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Enceladus flyby scheduled at 49-km altitude.

Oct 28-29 — American Astronautical Society, Huntsville AL: 8th Wernher von Braun Memorial Symposium.

Oct 28-29 — European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST), Konkoly Observatory (MTA CSFK), Budapest, Hungary: Missions to Habitable Words.

Oct 29 — Sandia National Laboratories, University of Hawaii Space Flight Laboratory, et al, Launch SPARK / HawaiiSat-1 (ORS-4 Mission), USN Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands, Kauai HI: Space-borne Payload Assist Rocket (SPARK) or ‘Super Strypi’ 3-stage vehicle to launch Earth observation HawaiiSat-1; will take off using rail launch structure.

Oct 29-30 — Institute of Engineering & Technology, Institute of Mechanical Engineers, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom: Space Robotics Symposium: Present and Future Robotics In Space Applications.

Oct 29-30 — Nebraska College of Law, Washington DC: 8th Annual Space, Cyber and Telecommunications Conference.

Oct 29 – Nov 1 — 100 Year Starship (100YSS), Silicon Valley CA: 4th Annual 100 Year Starship 2015 Public Symposium; chaired by Dr. Mae Jemison.

Oct 30 — ULA, Launch Atlas 5 / GPS 2F-11, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket to launch U.S. Air Force 11th Block 2F navigation satellite for Global Positioning System.

Oct 31 — Eurockot, Launch Rockot / Sentinel 3A, Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia: Eurockot Rockot to launch Sentinel 3A Earth observation satellite for the European Space Agency and the European Commission to measure sea surface topography, sea & land surface temperature, ocean & land color.

Oct 31 — British Interplanetary Society, London, United Kingdom: International Space Station Technical Forum: Celebrating 15 years of continuous crewing.

Oct 31 – Nov 1 — SES Summit Organizing Committee, Houston TX: Sea, Earth and Space (SES) Summit; at South Shore Harbour Resort & Conference Center.

NET Nov — Arianespace, Launch LISA Pathfinder, Kourou, French Guiana: Launch of ESA / NASA JPL spacecraft to Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange point for first-phase of LISA mission; will be capable of detecting gravitational waves generated by massive objects, advance understanding of how space and time are interconnected.

NET Nov — ISRO, Launch PSLV / IRNSS 1E, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, flying on PSLV-C30 mission, to launch Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System IRNSS 1E navigation satellite.

Nov 1 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, TBA, Kenya: United Nations/Kenya Workshop on Space Technology and Applications for Wildlife Management and Protecting Biodiversity.

Nov 1-4 — Geological Society of America, Baltimore MD: Geological Society of America (GSA) Annual Meeting; featuring numerous sessions devoted to planetary sciences including “Oceans, fire, and ice in the outer solar system” and “Exploring the sedimentary rock record of Mars.”

Nov 2 — International Space Station, LEO: Today marks 15 years of continuous Human occupation of ISS; first component launched Nov 20, 1998.

Nov 2-5 — Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Santa Barbara CA: Kepler’s Second Mission Science Conference (K2 SCI CON).

Nov 2-6 — Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Washington DC: 6th International Fermi Symposium.

Nov 2-6 — Inter-Islamic Network on Space Sciences & Technology, Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), Lahore, Pakistan: ISNET/SUPARCO Workshop on Student Satellites.

Nov 3 — SETI Institute, Mountain View CA: Lecture: Shape Dynamics – A Relational View of the Universe; presented by Henrique Gomes from Perimiter Institute.

Nov 3-4 — Pierre and Marie Curie University, Paris, France: Conference: European Space Launchers – From Diamant to Ariane 6 – Europe’s Competitive Answer to Independent Space Access.

Nov 3-4 — ESA, Noordwijk, the Netherlands: 29th Annual European Space Thermal Analysis Workshop; at ESTEC.

Nov 3-5 — SMi Group, O3b Networks Ltd, et al, London, United Kingdom: Conference: Global MilSatCom 2015.

Nov 4-6 — University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia: 2nd Off-Earth Mining Forum & 3rd International Future Mining Conference.

Nov 5 — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / Badr 7 & GSAT 15, Kourou, French Guiana: Arianespace Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA227, to launch Badr 7 and GSAT 15 communication & broadband satellites.

Nov 5 — Up Aerospace, Launch SpaceLoft XL / 7th Earth Rise Mission, Las Cruces NM: Up Aerospace to launch 7th Earth Rise mission (mission name to be designated) for Celestis Inc.

Nov 5 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston TX: Lecture: InSight Mission to Mars; presented by Dr. Bruce Banerdt of JPL / Caltech.

Nov 5, 6 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: von Kármán Lecture Series: The Juno Mission to Jupiter; presented by Dr. Steven Levin, Project Scientist of Juno.

Nov 5-6 — Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia: 3rd International Future Mining Conference.

Nov 7-8 — SpaceUp, Polytechnic School, Palaiseau, France: SpaceUp X 2015 Unconference.

Nov 8-12 — Dubai Civil Aviation Authority, Dubai Engineering Aviation Projects (DEAP), et al, Dubai, United Arab Emirates: Dubai Air Show.

Nov 8-13 — American Astronomical Society, National Harbor MD: 47th Annual Meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society; at Gaylord National Harbor Hotel.

Nov 9-12 — International Academy of Astronautics, Chinese Society of Astronautics, Shanghai, China: 6th CSA-IAA Conference on Space Technology Innovation.

Nov 9-13 — Committee on Space Research, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil: 2nd Symposium of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR): Water and Life in the Universe.

Nov 9-13 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, International Academy of Astronautics, San Jose, Costa Rica: United Nations/Costa Rica Workshop on Human Space Technology.

Nov 9-13 — British Interplanetary Society, Oxford, United Kingdom: 13th Reinventing Space Conference; focusing on low cost access & utilization of space; at Randolph Hotel.

Nov 9-13 — Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Washington DC: 6th International Fermi Symposium.

Nov 10 — Astronauts4Hire, SES Summit Organizing Committee, Houston TX: NewSpace Researchers Workshop (NSRW 2015); at South Shore Harbour Resort & Conference Center.

Nov 10 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Lecture: Colliding Galaxies; presented by Dr Megan Argo from Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics.

Nov 10-13 — University of Cambridge Institute of Astronomy, Liverpool, United Kingdom: 6th Gaia Science Alerts Workshop.

Nov 11-13 — Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University College of Aviation, Daytona Beach FL: 2nd Annual Space Traffic Management Conference: An Evolving Landscape.

Nov 11-13 — Group on Earth Observations , Mexico City, Mexico: 12th Group on Earth Observations (GEO-XII) Plenary and Ministerial Summit; at at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores).

Nov 11-14 — American Society for Gravitational and Space Research, Alexandria VA: 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Gravitational and Space Research; to discuss science research & technology in space & gravitational sciences; at Westin Alexandria.

Nov 13 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting.

Nov 15-17 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, United Arab Emirates Space Agency, Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre, Dubai, United Arab Emirates: United Nations/United Arab Emirates High Level Forum: Space as a Driver for Socio-Economic Sustainable Development; Canceled.

Nov 16-19 — Indian Committee for National Radio Science Union (INC-URSI), Indian National Science Academy, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India: 2nd URSI Regional Conference on Radio Science.

Nov 17-19 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, Houston First Corp., Rice Space Institute, New Delhi, India : Space Commerce Conference and Exposition (SpaceCom); at George R. Brown Convention Center.

Nov 17-19 — Smartershows, WFB Bremen, et al, Bremen, Germany: Space Tech Expo Europe: Design – Build – Test.

Nov 18 — Canadian Space Society, UrtheCast Corp., UBC, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: Canadian Space Summit 2015 Public Event.

Nov 19 — RSA, Launch Soyuz / Progress 62P, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch 62nd Progress cargo ship to ISS.

Nov 19 — Library of Congress – Science, Technology and Business Division, Washington DC: Lecture: Dawn: A Journey to the Beginning of the Solar System; presented by Lucy McFadden.

Nov 19-20 — Canadian Space Society, UrtheCast Corp., UBC, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: Canadian Space Summit 2015: Innovation: Bringing Space Down to Earth.

Nov 19-20 — ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: 2nd Workshop on Spacecraft Shock Environment and Verification; at ESTEC.

Nov 23-27 — ESA, Belgian Solar-Terrestrial Centre of Excellence, Space Weather Working Team, Ostend, Belgium: 12th European Space Weather Week (ESWW).

Nov 24-25 — UKspace, Royal Aeronoautical Society, PROXIMUM Group, London, United Kingdom: London Space Week 2015.

Nov 24-27 — European Southern Observatory, ESA, Garching, Germany: Science Operations 2015: Science Data Management – An ESO/ESA Workshop.

Nov 25-27 — Royal Aeronautical Society – Australian Division and Engineers, National Aerospace Societies of Korea (KSAS), China (CSAA), Japan (JSASS), Cairns, Queensland, Australia: Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Aerospace Technology (APISAT-2015).

Nov 29 – Dec 4 — American Astronomical Society, Waikoloa HI: Conference: Extreme Solar Systems III.

Nov 30 — Hayabusa 2, Asteroid 1999 JU3 Trajectory: JAXA Hayabusa 2 begins 2nd year in space today, launched Nov 30, 2015; expected to reach asteroid June / July 2018.

Nov 30 — Cornell University, Ithaca NY: Mars 2020 Landing Site Selection Discussion.

Nov 30 – Dec 5 — European Southern Observatory (ESO), Garching, Germany: Workshop: The Solar System as Seen by the ELTs.

Nov 30 – Dec 5 — International Academy of Astronautics, Kyutech Institute, Rome, Italy: 3rd IAA Conference on University Satellite Missions and CubeSat Workshop & International Workshop on Lean Satellite Standardization.

NET Dec — Hayabusa 2, Asteroid 1999 JU3 Trajectory: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to fly by Earth this month and arrive at C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” June / July 2018.

NET Dec — Penn State Lunar Lion, TBD: Launch Lunar Lion; Penn State Lunar Lion spacecraft to be launched in attempt to reach Moon and win Google Lunar XPRIZE.

NET Dec — Galactic Suite, China Great Wall Industry Corp., Barcelona Moon Team, TBD: Launch Long March 2C / Robotic Moon Vehicle; Galactic Suite will lead Barcelona Moon Team in attempt to reach Moon and win Google Lunar XPRIZE.

Dec 1 — Wiltshire Astronomical Society, Wiltshire, United Kingdom: Presentation: Neptune a Calculated Guess; by Andrew Lound.

Dec 1-4 — Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum, Bali, Indonesia: Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF-22); at Discovery Kartika Plaza Hotel.

Dec 3 — PROCYON (PRoximate Object Close flYby with Optical Navigation), Earth Flyby: University of Tokyo and JAXA / ISAS (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science) 50-kg PROCYON microsatellite, on trajectory to fly by binary asteroid 2000 DP107, to fly by Earth today, launched Dec 4, 2014 as secondary payload with Hayabusa 2.

Dec 3 — Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Antares / Orb-4 (Cygnus 5), Wallops Island VA: OSC Antares rocket to launch 5th Cygnus cargo freighter on 4th operational flight to the ISS.

Dec 3, 4 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: von Kármán Lecture Series: The InSight Mission: Journey to the Center of Mars; presented by Dr. Bruce Banderdt, InSight Principal Investigator.

Dec 6 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Epimetheus flyby scheduled at 3,000-km altitude; Prometheus flyby at 21,000-km altitude; Atlas flyby at 21,000-km altitude.

Dec 7 — Venus Climate Orbiter (Akatsuki), Venus Orbit: JAXA US$300M spacecraft will attempt to achieve Venus orbit by using small engine burns; if successful will study Venus clouds, atmosphere, weather; launched May 2010 – main engine failure prevented spacecraft from reaching Venus sooner.

Dec 7-10 — Paris Institute of Astrophysics, Sorbonne University, et al , Paris, France: Conference: Cosmology and First Light.

Dec 8 — Library of Congress – Science, Technology and Business Division, Washington DC: Lecture: New Horizons: Journey to Pluto and Beyond; presented by Dennis Reuter.

Dec 9 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 9, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 11th Dragon spacecraft on 9th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

Dec 9-12 — University of Padova, ESA, Padova, Italy: 1st Symposium on Space Students Activities; to provide space-related activities conducted by student teams from different countries.

Dec 11 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; Discussion Meeting: Cosmic dust in space and on the Earth: Interplanetary, interstellar and man-made; Discussion Meeting: A Critical Assessment of Cluster Cosmology.

Dec 12 — Space Generation Advisory Council, Padova, Italy: Space Generation Advisory Council (SGAC) European Student Workshop 2015; two working groups will discuss topics of interest for European students of space-related fields.

Dec 13-18 — University of Geneva Department of Astronomy & Physics, Geneva, Switzerland: 28th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics.

Dec 14 — Chang’e-3 Lander & Yutu Rover, Sinus Iridum / Mare Imbrium, 44.12°N 19.51°W, Moon Surface: Spacecraft enters 3rd year on Moon.

Dec 14 — NEOWISE, LEO: NASA Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) spacecraft (redubbed Near-Earth Object WISE – NEOWISE) begins 7th year in Space today.

Dec 14 — Canadian Space Agency, Saint-Hubert, Quebec, Canada: 25th Anniversary of the creation of CSA.

Dec 14-17 — The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China: 11th Pacific Rim Conference on Stellar Astrophysics: Physics and Chemistry of the Late Stages of Stellar Evolution.

Dec 14-17 — Polytechnic University of Bari, Antwerp/CERN, Cairo, Egypt: Dark Matter Workshop.

Dec 14-18 — American Geophysical Union, San Francisco CA: 2015 American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting.

Dec 14-18 — Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali (IISERM), Mohali, India: International Conference on Cosmology and Gravitation.

Dec 15 — RSA, Launch Soyuz TMA-19M / ISS 45S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 46/47: Timothy Peake of ESA, Yuri Malenchenko of RSA, Timothy Kopra of NASA.

Dec 15-16 — ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, Netherlands: 1st International Symposium On Moon 2020-2030: A New Era Of Coordinated Human and Robotic Exploration.

Dec 19 — Gaia, LEO: ESA spacecraft enters 3rd year in orbit today; 5-year planned mission aims to map more than 1 billion stars.

Dec 22 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-17M / ISS 43S, LEO: Expedition 44/45 members Kjell Lindgren of NASA, Kimiya Yui of JAXA, Oleg Kononenko of RSA scheduled to return to Earth.

Dec 25 — Mars Express, Mars Orbit: ESA spacecraft begins 13th year in orbit today; will continue to study Mars atmosphere & climate, planet structure, mineralogy, geology, and to search for traces of water.

2016

NET 2016 — Boeing Company, Launch Atlas V / Boeing CST-100, TBD: Boeing CST-100 crewed test flight.

NET 2016 — Orbital Technologies Ltd., LEO: Commercial Space Station / Orbiting Hotel expected to begin operations this year; US$800K for flight, $160K for 5-days of accommodation.

NET 2016 — CNSA, Launch Tiangong-2 Space Lab, TBD, China: Core module of China Space Station (Tiangong-2) expected to launch to LEO this year (orbit between 350 – 450 km).

NET 2016 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Moon Express Inc., Canadensys Aerospace Corp., Launch ILO-1, TBD: Launch of ILOA multifunctional 2-meter dish observatory to Moon South Pole; will conduct radio astronomy, scientific & commercial communications, serve as catalyst for lunar base build-out.

NET 2016 — SpaceX, Astrobotic Technology Inc., Launch Falcon 9 / Astrobotic Griffin Lander & Red Rover, TBD: SpaceX scheduled to launch Astrobotic Griffin Lander & Red Rover to attempt to reach Moon, win Google Lunar XPRIZE and explore lunar skylight thought to be entrance to subsurface cave network.

NET 2016 — Moon Express, Launch MX-1, TBD: Launch of Moon Express lunar spacecraft to advance Moon exploration and commercial development, attempt to win Google Lunar XPRIZE; craft will carry ILO-X Moon telescope and Lunar Plant Growth Habitat.

NET 2016 — CNSA, Launch Long March 7, TBD, China: China expects to conduct maiden flight of Long March 7 rocket intended to launch cargo / fuel to China future space station.

NET 2016 — Launch Cold Atom Laboratory, TBD: NASA JPL to launch CAL to ISS for the study of ultra-cold quantum gases in microgravity; to be installed into EXPRESS (EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station) Rack.

NET 2016 — Virgin Galactic, Las Cruces NM: LauncherOne to begin launching small satellite payloads between 100-225 kg for less than US$10M.

NET 2016 — NASA, TBD: Asteroid selection to occur this year as part of Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM); 500,000-kg asteroid to be captured 2019, relocated to Moon orbit, visited by Humans via Space Launch System 2021.

NET Jan — Mars One, Launch of Mars Demonstration Mission & Communication Satellite, TBD: Launch of Demonstration Mission to test technologies for human mission, satellite to be placed in Mars orbit enabling 24/7 communication.

NET Jan — Southwest Research Institute, Langley Research Center, NASA, Launch Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System, TBD: Launch of 8 hurricane-tracking nanosatellites.

NET Jan — Green Bank Observatory, Parkes Observatory, West Virginia, USA & New South Wales, United Kingdom: Breakthrough Listen campaign to search for life signals around nearest million stars & 100 nearest galaxies to begin this month with US$100M funding given by Yuri Milner of Russia and expert team including Stephen Hawking, Lord Martin Rees, Geoff Marcy, Frank Drake.

Jan 4-8 — American Astronomical Society, Kissimmee FL: 227th Meeting of the AAS; at Gaylord Palms Resort & Convention Center.

Jan 4-8 — AIAA, San Diego CA: 2016 AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition; 3rd AIAA Spacecraft Structures Conference; AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference; 8th Symposium on Space Resource Utilization; at Manchester Grand Hyatt.

Jan 5 — Juno, Jupiter Trajectory: Quiet Cruise phase ends today, spacecraft begins Jupiter Approach phase, will last 178 days.

Jan 7-27 — ESA, RSA, Launch ExoMars Orbiter & EDM, TBD: ESA Trace Gas Orbiter and Entry, Descent & Landing Demonstrator Module to be launched by RSA launch system; 20-day launch window opens Jan 7, expected to reach Mars Oct 19.

Jan 8 — The Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting.

Jan 11-30 — National Autonomous University of Mexico, Tonantzintla Puebla, Mexico: Latin American School of Observational Astronomy 2015.

Jan 11-15 — National Autonomous University of Mexico, Bern, Switerland: Workshop: The Delivery of Water to Proto-planets, Planets and Satellites.

Jan 19 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Trajectory: Spacecraft enters 11th year in space today, launched Jan 19, 2006 – flew by Pluto July 2015; expected to encounter Kuiper Belt Objects of interest and operate until at least 2030s.

Jan 19-22 — ESO, Garching, Germany: ESO in the 2020s.

Jan 23 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Independence Plaza grand opening, featuring eight-story-tall multiple-exhibit complex with shuttle replica mounted on top of the first shuttle carrier aircraft.

Jan 25 — Opportunity, Mars Surface: Rover enters 13th year on Mars; holds “off-world” record for having driven the greatest distance.

Jan 25-29 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Galactic Surveys – New Results on Formation, Evolution, Structure and Chemical Evolution of the Milky Way.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 49th Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further information.

Jan 27-29 — NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group, Orlando FL: 14th Meeting of the NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group (SBAG).

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 30th Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

Jan 28 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston TX: Lecture: OSIRIS-REx Mission to Asteroid Bennu; presented by Dr. Scott Messenger of Johnson Space Center.

NET Feb — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft will search for Earth-sized planets around Proxima Centauri as star passes in front another star; sensitive ground and space-based telescopes, such as ESA Gaia and ESO VLT may search as well.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 13th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

Feb 1-12 — International Centre for Theoretical Physics, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Pune, India: School on Large Scale Structure: From Galaxies to the Cosmic Web.

Feb 5-10 — American Astronautical Society – Rocky Mountain Section, Denver CO: 39th Annual Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference.

Feb 7-12 — Aspen Center for Physics, Aspen CO: Conference: Dynamics and Accretion at the Galactic Center.

Feb 8-11 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, Houston TX: 27th Annual Space Radiation Investigator’s Workshop (2016 Space Rad IWS).

Feb 8 — JAXA, Launch H-2B / HTV-6, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: An uncrewed Japan H-2B rocket set to launch 6th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 6) to deliver supplies to ISS.

Feb 12 — RSA, Launch Soyuz / Progress 63P, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch 63rd Progress cargo ship to ISS.

Feb 13 — ISS, HTV-6 Capture & Berthing, LEO: JAXA 6th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 6) to be captured & berthed with to Unity Nadir on ISS.

Feb 13 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 10, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 12th Dragon spacecraft on 10th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

Feb 14-18 — American Astronautical Society, AIAA, Napa CA: 26th AAS/AIAA Space Flight Mechanics Meeting.

Feb 15-21 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Workshop: Sweeping Galaxies Clean – Cold Molecular Outflows as Drivers of Galaxy Evolution.

Feb 22-26 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Astrophysics of Dark Matter.

Feb 28 – Mar 1 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: 2nd Conference on Astrophysics and Space Science (APSS 2016).

Feb 28 – Mar 2 — Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop, Chattanooga TN: 2016 Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop: From Iron Horse to Worldship: Becoming an Interstellar Civilization.

Feb 29 – Mar 3 — The Aerospace Corporation, ESA, NASA, JPL, Caltech, U.S. Air Force, Los Angeles CA: Ground System Architectures Workshop (GSAW): Embracing the Rapid Rate of Change.

Mar 1-3 — ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: European Space Components Conference (ESCCON); at European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC).

Mar 2 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-18M / ISS 44S, LEO: Exp 45/46 Sergey Volkov, and one-year crew remembers Mikhail Kornienko & Scott Kelly scheduled to return to Earth.

Mar 4 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Launch InSight / Mars Cube One 1 & 2, TBD: Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) Mars lander to launch to Mars, study deep interior; expected to arrive Sep 20, 2016; end of operations planned for Sep 18, 2018.

Mar 5-12 — IEEE, AIAA, PHM Society, Big Sky MT: 2016 IEEE Aerospace Conference; at Yellowstone Conference Center.

Mar 7-10 — SES, Thales Alenia Space, Eutelsat America, Hughes, et al, National Harbor MD: Satellite 2016 Conference; at Gaylord National Convention Center.

Mar 7-11 — University of Edinburgh, University of St. Andrews, Seventh Framework Programme, Edinburgh, United Kingdom: Protoplanetary Discussions.

Mar 10 — Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Orbit: NASA spacecraft enters 11th year in Mars orbit today, continues to study seasonal changes on planet circling at 300-km near-polar orbit; launched Aug 12, 2005, entered orbit Mar 10, 2006.

Mar 11 — Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Antares / Orb-5 (Cygnus 6), Wallops Island VA: OSC Antares rocket to launch 6th Cygnus cargo freighter on 5th operational flight to the ISS.

Mar 11 — The Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting.

Mar 14 — ISS, HTV-6 Unberthing, LEO: JAXA 6th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 6) to be unberthed from Unity Nadir, burn up during Earth atmosphere reentry.

Mar 15-17 — ESA, European Union Satellite Center (SatCen), Joint Research Centre (JRC), Canaries Institute of Astrophysics, Science & Technology Park of Tenerife (PCTT), Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain: 2016 Conference on Big Data from Space.

Mar 18 — RSA, Launch Soyuz MS-01 / ISS 46S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 47/48: Aleksei Ovchinin of RSA, Oleg Skripochka of RSA, Jeffrey Williams of NASA.

Mar 21-25 — Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI), Johnson Space Center, NASA, The Woodlands TX: 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC); at Woodlands Waterway Marriott Hotel & Convention Center.

Mar 29-31 — The National Academies, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Apr MAVEN, Mars Orbit: Expected end of spacecraft scientific results.

NET Apr — SpaceX, Launch Falcon Heavy Demo, Vandenberg AFB CA: SpaceX maiden falcon heavy to launch this month, rocket consits of standard Falcon 9 rocket core with two additional strap-on boosters .

NET Apr — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 11, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 13th Dragon spacecraft on 11th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET Apr — JAXA, Japan: JAXA hoping to secure funding for Smart Lander for Investigating Moon (SLIM) mission beginning this April (fiscal year 2016) to develop / launch mission mid-2018-2019.

NET Apr — Five hundred metre Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST), Pingtang, Guizhou, China: Construction of FAST to be completed this month, will be world’s largest single aperture radio telescope.

Apr 4 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Titan flyby scheduled at 990-km altitude.

Apr 4-8 — ESA, Oxford University, EuroVenus, Oxford, United Kingdom: International Venus Conference 2016.

Apr 6-9 — University of Florida, Gainesville FL: Conference: From Stars to Massive Stars.

Apr 8 — The Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; Specialist Meeting: High-redshift Galaxies and their Low-redshift Analogues; Specialist Meeting: The Use of Extraterrestrial Resources to Help Facilitate Space Science and Exploration.

Apr 11-14 — Space Foundation, Colorado Springs CO: 32nd Space Symposium; at the Broadmoor Hotel.

Apr 11-15 — American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Aerospace Division, Orlando FL: ASCE Earth & Space Conference 2016; 15th Biennial ASCE International Conference on Engineering: Science, Construction and Operations in Challenging Environments; at Rosen Centre Hotel.

Apr 11-15 — Institute of Astronomy of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Cozumel, Mexico: Conference: The Interplay Between Local and Global Processes in Galaxies.

Apr 12 — 55th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2016; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 12-15 — ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: Conference: Water in the Universe – From Clouds to Oceans; at European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC).

Apr 15-17 — Lockheed Martin Corp., Washington DC: USA Science and Engineering Festival; at Walter E. Washington Convention Center, featuring more than 1,000 corporations & organizations, more than 3,000 hands-on exhibits & stage shows.

Apr 17-22 — European Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria: European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2016.

Apr 28 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston TX: Lecture: Juno Mission at Jupiter Preview; presented by Dr. Fran Bagenal from University of Colorado-Boulder.

Apr 30 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Telescope, launched in 1990, extended operations contract ends today; further evaluation / mission planning to occur.

May 5 — ISS, Undocking of Soyuz TMA-19M / ISS 45S, LEO: Expedition 46/47 members Timothy Peake, Yuri Malenchenko, Timothy Kopra scheduled to return to Earth.

May 9 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; entire transit visible in eastern N. America, S. America, Western Europe; partial transit visible everywhere else except Australia and far eastern Asia; 01:12 – 08:42 HST.

May 12 — PROCYON (PRoximate Object Close flYby with Optical Navigation), Asteroid 2000 DP107 Flyby: University of Tokyo and JAXA / ISAS (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science) 50-kg PROCYON microsatellite to fly by binary asteroid 2000 DP107; launched Dec 4, 2014 as secondary payload with Hayabusa 2.

May 13 — The Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; Specialist Meeting: Solar Flares – New Insights from the Lower Atmosphere; Specialist Meeting: Astrophysics and Astroparticle Physics in the CTA Era.

May 16-20 — Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), AIAA, Daejeon, South Korea: 14th International Conference on Space Operations (Space Ops 2016).

May 16-20 — ESO, Santiago, Chile: Workshop: Resolving Planet Formation in the Era of ALMA and Extreme AO.

May 18-22 — NASA Federal Credit Union, Space Canada, Heinlein Trust, Shackleton Energy, Kepler Space Institute, et al, San Juan, Puerto Rico: 35th Annual International Space Development Conference.

May 20 — RSA, Launch Soyuz TMA-20M / ISS 47S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Expedition 48/49 members Anatoli Ivanishin of RSA, Takuya Onishi of JAXA, Kathleen Rubins of NASA to launch to ISS.

May 24-25 — JA Initiative, Clyde Space, Deep Space Industries, Pocket Spacecraft, et al, Oxford, United Kingdom: iCubeSat 2016 – 5th Interplanetary CubeSat Workshop; to address the technical challenges, opportunities, and practicalities of interplanetary space exploration with CubeSats.

May 24-26 — Smarter Shows, Pasadena CA: Space Tech Expo: Design – Build – Test.

May 29 – Jun 24 — Vatican Observatory, Lazio, Italy: 2016 Summer School in Astrophysics: Water in the Solar System and Beyond.

May 30 – Jun 6 — AIAA, IEE, Central Scientific Research Institute Elektropribor, St. Petersburg, Russia: 23rd St. Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems.

NET Jun — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Gaia spacecraft first set of data to be released this month; spacecraft mapping more than 1B stars in Milky Way Galaxy.

NET Jun — Dawn, Ceres Orbit: End of scheduled primary mission, craft expected to gather science data from increasingly closer orbits to Ceres, future mission plans to be determined; to avoid contamination, craft will not impact surface.

NET Jun — SpaceX, Launch Falcon Heavy / LightSail, Vandenberg AFB CA: SpaceX to launch LightSail solar sail mission for Planetary Society.

NET Jun — Space Renaissance Institute, TBD, Italy: 2nd International Space Renaissance Institute International Congress.

Jun 2 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston TX: Lecture: Mars Science Laboratory Mission Update; presented by Dr. Allan Treiman of LPI.

Jun 6-10 — National Observatory of Athens, Crete, Greece: Conference: Supernova Remnants – An Odyssey in Space after Stellar Death.

Jun 11 — Fermi Gamma-ray Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft with Large Area Telescope & the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor instruments entering 9th year of operations in Space.

Jun 12-16 — American Astronomical Society, San Diego CA: 228th Meeting of the AAS; at Hilton San Diego Bayfront.

Jun 13-17 — AIAA, Washington DC: AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA AVIATION 2016); at Washington Hilton.

Jun 16 — 1st Woman in Space 53rd Observation, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to honor the first woman to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 18 — 1st American Woman in Space 33rd Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission.

Jun 20-24 — Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara CA: Conference: Molecules and Dust as Fuel to Star Formation.

Jun 26 – Jul 1 — Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Tegernsee, Germany: Conference: The Early Phase of Star Formation (EPoS 2016) – Progress after 10 years of EPoS; at Ringberg Castle.

Jun 28-30 — NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group, Washington DC: 15th Meeting of the NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group (SBAG).

Jul 4 — Juno, Jupiter System: Spacecraft scheduled to arrive at Jupiter and complete Orbital Insertion phase; spacecraft will have traveled about 18.7 AU (2.8B km); estimated arrival at 16:30 HST (02:30 UT Jul 5).

Jul 4-8 — European Astronomical Society, Hellenic Astronomical Society, et al, Athens, Greece: European Week of Astronomy and Space Science.

Jul 4 – Sep 2 — International Space University, Technion Institute, Haifa, Israel: ISU 29th Space Studies Program (SSP 2016).

Jul 5 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Capture Orbit phase to begin today, will last 106 days.

Jul 9 — Launch BepiColombo, TBD: European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) to launch today; craft expected to reach Mercury polar orbit 2022 to map planet, investigate magnetosphere.

Jul 10-12 — Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Curtin University, Perth, Australia: 2016 Australasian Astrobiology Meeting.

Jul 11-17 — Farnborough International Airshow, United Kingdom: 49th Farnborough International Air Show; International Space Pavilion offers 1,100 square meters of exhibit space dedicated to space industry products, projects, professionals.

Jul 12-14 — Boeing Company, Orbital ATK, NASA, SNC, American Astronautical Society, San Diego CA: ISS Research and Development Conference; at Town and Country Resort & Convention Center.

Jul 13-17— AIAA, Washington DC: AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA AVIATION 2016); at Washington Hilton.

Jul 14 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Trajectory: Spacecraft 1-year science observations of Pluto ends today; Kuiper Belt objects of interest to be encountered after this date; project expected to continue until at least 2030s.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 47th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 40th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Jul 20-24 — Paris Institute of Astrophysics (IAP), Paris, France: Conference: Cosmic Dawn of Galaxy Formation – Linking Observations and Theory with New-Generation Spectral Models.

Jul 25-27 — AIAA, Salt Lake City UT: AIAA Propulsion and Energy Forum and Exposition (Propulsion and Energy 2016); at Salt Palace Convention Center.

Jul 30 – Aug 7 — Committee on Space Research, Istanbul, Turkey: 41st COSPAR Scientific Assembly.

NET Aug — Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Antares / Orb-6 (Cygnus 7), Wallops Island VA: OSC Antares rocket to launch 7th Cygnus cargo freighter on 6th operational flight to the ISS.

Aug 1-4 — University of Exeter, Quest University, Squamish, British Columbia, Canada: Conference: The Diversity of Planetary Atmospheres (IV).

Aug 1-5 — Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany: First Stars V; to discuss theoretical and observational understanding of first star and galaxy formation, at Heidelberg Convention Center.

Aug 9-13 — Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Texas A&M University, NSF, Carnegie Institution for Science, Hanga Roa, Easter Island, Chile: Conference: Supernovae Through the Ages – Understanding the Past to Prepare for the Future.

Aug 22-23 — World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Paris, France: 18th International Conference on Satellite and Space Communications (ICSSC 2016).

NET Sep — Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), LEO: Spacecraft 3-year mission to hunt for near-Earth objects within 45M km of Earth and support NASA Asteroid Initiative ends today; future observation goals or spacecraft hibernation date to be decided.

NET Sep — United Launch Alliance, Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch Atlas V / OSIRIS-REx, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) mission for asteroid sample return expected to launch this month to asteroid 101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36).

Sep 14-15 — The National Academies, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Sep 16 — ISS, Soyuz MS-01 Undocking, LEO: Expedition 47/48 crew Aleksei Ovchinin of RSA, Oleg Skripochka of RSA, Jeffrey Williams of NASA return to Earth.

Sep 22 — RSA, Launch Soyuz MS-02 / ISS 48S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Expedition 49/50 members Robert Kimbrough of NASA, Andrei Borisenko of RSA, Sergey Ryzhikov of RSA to launch to ISS.

Sep 20InSight, Mars Surface: Potential date for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft to land on Mars surface and study deep interior; scheduled end of operations Sep 18, 2018.

NET Sep 30 — Rosetta, Comet 67P / Churyumov-Gerasimenko Orbit: Mission extended until end of this month, spacecraft will orbit closer to comet surface while gathering data; may be able to land on Comet surface.

NET Sep 30 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Delta 2 / Joint Polar Satellite System-1 spacecraft, Vandenberg AFB CA: Launch of Joint Polar Satellite System-1 (JPSS-1) spacecraft, developed by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center for NOAA, aboard Delta 2 rocket from Complex 2.

NET OctInSight, Mars Surface: First scientific results expected this month.

Oct 3-7 — Association of Space Explorers, Vienna, Austria: 29th Planetary Congress of the ASE.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2016; to celebrate each year internationally the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition.

Oct 16-21 — American Astronomical Society, Pasadena CA: 48th Annual Meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society.

Oct 19 — ExoMars Orbiter & EDM, Mars Orbit & Surface: ESA Trace Gas Orbiter expected to reach Mars orbit today (if launched Jan 7, 2016) and Entry, Descent & Landing Demonstrator Module to land on surface.

Oct 19 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft to conduct Period Reduction Maneuver today.

Oct 20 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft begins Orbit 1-2 phase today, will last 20 days.

Nov 1 — Sierra Nevada Corp., Launch Atlas V / Dream Chaser, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SNC to launch Dream Chaser on first orbital test flight.

Nov 9 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft begins Science Orbit phase, scheduled to orbit planet 33 times around poles, come within 5,000 km of planet cloud tops.

Nov 14 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Titan flyby scheduled at 1,582-km altitude.

Nov 15 — ISS, Soyuz TMA-20M Undocking, LEO: Expedition 48/49 members Anatoli Ivanishin of RSA, Takuya Onishi of JAXA, Kathleen Rubins of NASA to return to Earth.

Nov 30 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Spacecraft to begin orbits bringing it closer to Saturn starting with F ring, the outermost ring.

Nov 30 — RSA, Launch Soyuz MS-03 / ISS 49S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Expedition 50/51 members Oleg Novitskiy of RSA, Thomas Pesquet of ESA, Peggy Whitson of NASA to launch to ISS.

NET Dec — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: First full flight of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk.3 expected this month.

NET Dec — ISRO, Launch PSLV / SAARC (South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation), Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Proposed meteorology SAARC satellite to launch, will cover 7 countries in South Asia region: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan.

NET Dec — Orbital Sciences Corp., Launch Antares / Orb-7 (Cygnus 8), Wallops Island VA: OSC Antares rocket to launch 8th Cygnus cargo freighter on 7th operational flight to the ISS.

Dec 18 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Flyby scheduled of Pandora, in Saturn F-ring, at 13,800-km altitude.

2017

NET 2017 — ISRO, Launch GSLV / Chandrayaan-2, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India 2nd robotic Moon Mission expected to launch orbiter / lander / rover.

NET 2017 — Bigelow Aerospace LLC, TBD: Launch Alpha Station to LEO, a commercial space station consisting of 2 BA-330 modules and 110 cubic meters of space.

NET 2017 — RSA, Launch Russia orbital space station, TBD: Russia to launch space station to LEO; testing of piloted spacecraft for lunar infrastructure will be a principal task.

NET 2017 — RSA, Launch Proton / Nauka & European Robotic Arm, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Proton Rocket set to deliver Russia Multipurpose Laboratory Module Nauka “Science” with ERA to replace Russia Pirs module on ISS.

NET 2017 — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-5, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan, China: Earliest expected date for 3rd phase of China Lunar Exploration Program to collect lunar soil samples, return to Earth as precursor to human missions.

NET 2017 — NASA, Launch Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), TBD: Launch of TESS to perform all-sky survey to discover transiting exoplanets in habitable zones around nearest and brightest stars in sky.

NET 2017 — ESA, Launch ESA CHEOPS, TBD: Launch of CHaracterising ExOPlanets Satellite (CHEOPS) to LEO; planned mission to last 3.5 years.

NET Jan — American Astronomical Society, Grapevine TX: 229th Meeting of the AAS; at Gaylord Texan Hotel & Convention Center.

Jan 9-13 — AIAA, Grapevine TX: 2017 AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition; at Gaylord Texan Resort and Convention Center.

Jan 16 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Daphnis, 8-km diameter moon in Keeler Gap of Saturn A-ring, flyby scheduled at 17,800-km altitude.

Jan 19 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Trajectory: Spacecraft enters 12th year in space today, launched Jan 19, 2006 – flew by Pluto July 2015; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 50th Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further information.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 31st Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

NET Feb — JAXA, Launch H-2B / HTV-7, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: An uncrewed Japan H-2B rocket set to launch 7th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 7) to deliver supplies to ISS.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 14th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

Mar 7 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Flyby scheduled at 25,000-km altitude of 35-km diameter, 23-km high Pan, Saturn innermost known moon located in Encke Gap of A-ring.

Mar 15 — ISS, Soyuz MS-02 Undocking, LEO: Expedition 49/50 members Robert Kimbrough of NASA, Andrei Borisenko of RSA, Sergey Ryzhikov of RSA to return to Earth.

Mar 28-30 — The National Academies, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Mar 29 — RSA, Launch Soyuz MS-04 / ISS 50S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Expedition 51/52 members Nikolay Tkhonov of RSA, Alexander Misurkin of RSA, Mark Vande Hei of NASA to launch to ISS.

Apr 12 — 56th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2017; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 12 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Flyby of Atlas, in outer-edge of Saturn A-ring, scheduled at 14,800-km altitude.

Apr 22 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Spacecraft scheduled to begin orbits inside Saturn D ring, the innermost ring.

May 15 — ISS, Soyuz MS-03 Undocking, LEO: Expedition 50/51 members Oleg Novitskiy of RSA, Thomas Pesquet of ESA, Peggy Whitson of NASA to return to Earth.

May 29 — RSA, Launch Soyuz MS-05 / ISS 51S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Expedition 52/53 members Fyodor Yurchikin of RSA, Paolo Nespoli of ESA, Jack Fischer of NASA to launch to ISS.

NET Jun — American Astronomical Society, Austin TX: 230th Meeting of the AAS; at JW Marriott Austin.

Jun 5-9 — AIAA, Denver CO: AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA AVIATION 2017); at Sheraton Colorado.

Jun 19 – Aug 18 — International Space University, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland: ISU 30th Space Studies Program (SSP 2017).

NET Jul — United Launch Services, Launch Solar Orbiter spacecraft, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: European Space Agency & NASA spacecraft to perform close-up study of Sun and inner heliosphere; projected 3-year journey to Sun; closest Solar distance to be 0.28 AU.

Jul 10-12 — AIAA, Atlanta GA: AIAA Propulsion and Energy Forum and Exposition (Propulsion and Energy 2017); at Hyatt Regency.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 48th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 41st Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Aug 21 — Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop, Athens TN: 2017 Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop.

Sep 13-14 — The National Academies, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Sep 15 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Projected date for end of Cassini-Huygens extended mission with controlled fall into Saturn atmosphere.

Sep 16 — ISS, Soyuz MS-04 Undocking, LEO: Expedition 51/52 members Nikolay Tkhonov of RSA, Alexander Misurkin of RSA, Mark Vande Hei of NASA to return to Earth.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2017; to celebrate each year internationally the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition.

Nov 12 — ISS, Soyuz MS-05 Undocking, LEO: Expedition 52/53 members Fyodor Yurchikin of RSA, Paolo Nespoli of ESA, Jack Fischer of NASA to return to Earth.

Dec 31 — XPRIZE Foundation, Santa Monica CA: Google Lunar XPRIZE closing date; grand prize of US$20M.

2018

NET 2018 — OSIRIS-REx, Asteroid 101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36) Surface: Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) mission expected to rendezvous with asteroid this year, take samples and return to Earth in 2023.

NET 2018 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station experimental core module, TBD, China: Core module of China Space Station expected to launch to LEO this year (orbit between 350 – 450 km), followed by launch of laboratory modules in 2020 and 2022.

NET 2018 — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-4, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan, China: Orbiter / lander / rover (originally back up for Chang’e-3 mission), expected to launch this year to far side of Moon with reconfigured / advanced instruments

NET 2018 — RSA, Launch Soyuz 2 / Luna-25, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Glob lander to launch to high latitude landing site in southern hemisphere on near side.

NET 2018 — Mars One, Launch of Mars Rover & Communication Satellite, TBD: Launch of rover with trailer, will help find best location for human settlement, clear areas for arrival of cargo; second communications satellite to be placed in orbit.

NET 2018 — ESA, RSA, Launch ExoMars Lander & Rover, TBD: ESA Carrier and Rover (“Mars Yard”), RSA Descent Module and Surface Platform to be launched by RSA launch system.

NET 2018 — Canadian Space Agency, Launch RADARSAT Constellation, TBD: CSA RADARSAT Constellation Mission with 3 satellites will provide complete coverage of Canada vast land mass and oceans.

Jan 5 — Inspiration Mars Foundation, Launch Humans for Mars Flyby, USA: Planning to send 1 woman and 1 man on 501-day round trip to come within 161 km of Mars.

Jan 7-11 — American Astronomical Society, National Harbor MD: 231st Meeting of the AAS; at Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center.

Jan 8-12 — AIAA, Orlando FL: 2018 AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition (SciTech 2018); at Gaylord Palms Resort and Convention Center.

Jan 19 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Trajectory: Spacecraft enters 13th year in space today, launched Jan 19, 2006 – flew by Pluto July 2015; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 51st Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further detail.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 32nd Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 15th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

NET Mar — Juno, Jupiter System: Scheduled end of mission; spacecraft to perform deorbit maneuver (lasting 130 hours) and plunge into Jupiter to ensure no accidental impact of Europa, Ganymede, Callisto.

NET Mar — Juno, Jupiter System: Anticipated Jupiter atmospheric impact, total distance traveled including orbits around Jupiter estimated at 22.66 AU (3.39B km).

NET Mar — KARI, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute expects to have completed development of indigenous second-stage rocket.

Mar 27-29 — The National Academies, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Apr — JAXA, Launch Epsilon / Smart Lander for Investigating Moon (SLIM), Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: SLIM Moon mission planning to launch this fiscal year (Apr 2018 – Apr 2019); will test technologies for future lunar missions, including SELENE-2 and Human Missions.

Apr 12 — 57th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2018; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

NET Jun — Hayabusa 2, Asteroid 1999 JU3 Orbit: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to arrive at C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” this month; will study for about 1.5 years, make artificial crater, sample asteroid, and return to Earth 2020.

NET Jun — American Astronomical Society, TBD: 232nd Meeting of the AAS.

Jul 14-22 — Committee on Space Research, Pasadena CA: 42nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 49th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 42nd Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Sep 18InSight, Mars Surface: Scheduled end to Mars surface operations mission; future plans / goals to be determined.

Sep 12-13 — The National Academies, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Oct — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / James Webb Space Telescope, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency, Canadian Space Agency and NASA infrared-optimized space telescope with 6.5-meter mirror to reside in orbit 1.5M km away from Earth; will search for 1st galaxies that formed in early Universe.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2018; to celebrate each year internationally the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition.

NLT Nov — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion Exploration Mission 1 (EM-1), Kennedy Space Center FL: The first test flight of NASA Space Launch System with uncrewed Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle and ESA-provided Service Module; to feature configuration for 70-metric-ton lift capacity; Orion spacecraft to perform circumlunar trajectory during the 7-day mission; will carry 11 science experiments.

2019

NET 2019 — NASA, Launch Asteroid Retrieval and Utilization Mission spacecraft, TBD: Asteroid retrieval spacecraft to launch to 500,000-kg NEA to capture and relocate to Moon orbit.

NET 2019 — RSA, Launch Luna-26, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Resurs 0 (Luna-Resurs Orbiter) to launch to polar orbit for 1 year at 100-150 km altitude, 2 years at 500-700 km altitude; will provide communications relay capabilities for following missions.

NET 2019 — JAXA, Launch H-2A / SELENE-2, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: JAXA to launch Selenological and Engineering Explorer 2 (SELENE-2) 700-kg orbiter, 1,000-kg lander (with 200-kg of total payloads), 100-kg rover to Moon.

NET Jan — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Object Encounter: This month craft expected to fly by selected KBO at distance of 12,500 km or closer.

Jan 6-10 — American Astronomical Society, Seattle WA: 233rd Meeting of the AAS; at Washington State Convention & Trade Center.

Jan 19 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Trajectory: Spacecraft enters 14th year in space today, launched Jan 19, 2006 – flew by Pluto July 2015; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 52nd Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further information.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 33rd Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 16th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

Mar 26-28 — The National Academies, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Apr 12 — 58th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2019; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

NET May — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Gaia spacecraft 5-year scheduled mission ends this month; future plans to be decided.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 50th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 43rd Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Sep 11-12 — The National Academies, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Oct — Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Cerro Pachón, Chile: Construction of LSST to be completed this month; team expects to achieve first light before the end of this year, begin science operations 2021.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2019; to celebrate each year internationally the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition.

Nov 11 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; 02:35 – 08:04 HST.

NET Dec — Hayabusa 2, Earth Trajectory: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to depart from C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” this month; will return to Earth 2020 with asteroid samples.

2020

NET 2020 — Golden Spike Company, Moon Landing: Possible date for GSC 1st Human Moon landing.

NLT 2020 — CNSA, Launch Mars Orbiter & Rover Mission, TBD, China: China expects to launch Orbiter & Rover mission to Mars before this year; planning sample return mission in 2030.

NET 2020 — ISS, LEO: Funding of International Space Station ends this year; mission extension to at least 2028 is expected; future goals and scientific, engineering, utilization, education potential to be determined.

NET 2020 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt: Spacecraft planned mission ends this year after reaching Pluto, Charon and designated Kuiper Belt object(s); future trajectory / mission plans to be determined; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

NET 2020 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station laboratory module 1, TBD, China: Laboratory module 1 of China Space Station expected to launch to LEO this year / attach to core module; second laboratory module to launch 2022.

NET 2020 — KARI, Launch Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 / Moon Orbiter, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: South Korea to launch Orbiter to Moon; will operate at 100-km altitude for at least one year; to be followed by Moon lander & rover.

NET 2020 — KARI, Launch Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 / Moon Lander & Rover, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: South Korea to launch Moon lander & rover to look for signs of rare minerals on Moon surface.

NET 2020 — Moon Express, Launch Moon Sample Return Mission, TBD: Launch of spacecraft for Moon Sample Return Mission.

NET 2020 — Government of the United Arab Emirates, TBD: UAE plans to launch the first Arab spacecraft to Mars this year in celebration of 50th observation of nation’s founding.

NET 2020 — Solar Orbiter spacecraft, Sun Orbit: Spacecraft expected to reach Sun orbit this year after 3 year journey; will perform close-up study of Sun and inner heliosphere; closest Solar approach to occur every 5 months at distance of 0.28 AU.

NET 2020 — RSA, Launch Luna-27, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Resurs 1 lander expected to launch to Moon South Pole to target frozen volatiles in sub surface.

NET 2020 — Arianespace, Launch Soyuz / Euclid, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency spacecraft with 1.2-meter telescope, projected 6-year lifetime to launch to Sun-Earth Lagrange point L2; will measure accelerated expansion of Universe, aid in understanding of dark energy / dark matter.

NET 2020 — UAE Space Agency, Launch Hope Probe, TBD: UAE plans to launch Hope mission to Mars this year to study planet atmosphere, potentially with ISRO collaboration.

Jan 5-9— American Astronomical Society, Honolulu HI: 235th Meeting of the AAS; at Hawaii Convention Center.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 53rd Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2015 for further detail.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 34th Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2015 for more detail.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 17th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2015 for more detail.

Mar 31 – Apr 2 — The National Academies, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NLT Jun — KARI, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute to test launch indigenous third-stage rocket.

NET Jul / Aug — NASA, Launch Mars Rover, TBD: NASA Mars robotic rover with 7 science instruments to launch in 2020 to explore planet / advance development of Human Mars missions projected for 2030s.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 51st Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another planetary body taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 44th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Sep 16-17 — The National Academies, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Oct — ESA, Launch Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) & Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART), TBD: ESA, DLR, NASA, JHU/APL, the Observatoire de la Côte d´Azur (OCA) mission to launch to Didymos binary asteroids & arrive 2022; will consist of lander, orbiters, CubeSats, and impactor.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2020; to celebrate each year internationally the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition.

NET Dec — Hayabusa 2, Earth Surface: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to arrive at Earth with samples from C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” this month.

2021

NET 2021 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion EM-2, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: The 1st fully-crewed Orion Moon flight to last 10-14 days; will use J-2X powered upper stage.

NET 2021 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Human Asteroid Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Launch of Astronauts via Space Launch System to relocated 500,000-kg Asteroid now orbiting Moon.

NET 2021 — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3 / Crewed Mission, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk.3 expected to launch crewed mission this year.

NET 2021 — RSA, Launch Luna-28, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Resurs 2 expected to launch to Moon South Pole for return sample mission.

NET 2021 — Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Cerro Pachón, Chile: LSST team expects to begin science operations this year.

Jan 10-14 — American Astronomical Society, TBD: 237th Meeting of the AAS.

NET Feb Mars Rover, Mars Surface: NASA Mars robotic rover with 7 advanced science instruments to land on planet, search for evidence of past life, collect data for future human missions.

NET Mar — KARI, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute expects to have completed development of indigenous third-stage rocket.

2022

NET 2022 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station laboratory module 2, TBD, China: Final piece of China Space Station Laboratory module 2 to launch to LEO this year; station to orbit between 350 – 450 km, accommodate 3 crew members for 6 month stays, expected to operate until at least 2032.

NET 2022 — RSA, Launch Luna-29, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: RSA Luna-Resurs 3 Moon lander mission goals / landing site TBD.

NET 2022 — BepiColombo, Mercury Orbit: European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) expected to reach Mercury and achieve polar orbit; will map planet, investigate magnetosphere.

NET 2022 — ExoMars Orbiter & EDM, Mars Orbit & Surface: End of mission for ESA Trace Gas Orbiter and Entry, Descent & Landing Demonstrator Module; future plans / extended missions to be decided.

NET 2022 — Thirty Meter Telescope Observatory Corp., Mauna Kea HI: TMT to begin scientific operations this year.

NET Jan — American Astronomical Society, National Harbor MD: 239th Meeting of the AAS; at Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center.

NET Jun — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / JUICE, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency Jupiter Icy moons Explorer (JUICE) with 11 science instruments is expected to reach Jupiter in 2030, spend at least 3.5 years studying Jupiter atmosphere and magnetosphere, moons Ganymede, Europa, Callisto and Io.

2023

NET 2023 — RSA, Launch Angara A5B / ACV, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Test flight of 6-person Advanced Crew Vehicle; will carry 500 kg of cargo and could travel to Moon.

NET 2023 — BepiColombo, Mercury Orbit: European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) 1-year nominal mission ends this year; future plans / mission extension to be determined.

NET 2023 — James Webb Space Telescope, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Planned end to 5-year primary mission; spacecraft expected to operate for another 5 years.

NET 2023 — OSIRIS-REx, Asteroid 101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36): Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft scheduled to return to Earth with asteroid sample of at least 60 grams this year.

2024

NET 2024 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion Human-Assisted Moon Sample Return Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Potential date for robotic sample return mission to Lunar surface with Human assistance from Asteroid in orbit around Moon.

NET 2024 — ESA, Launch Soyuz / PLATO, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) mission to launch to Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point to find / study extrasolar planetary systems, seismic activity in stars for at least 6 years.

2025

NET 2025 — CNSA, Launch Long March 9, TBD, China: China hopes to have completed heavy lift Long March 9 rocket by this date; will be used to launch 1st China Human mission to Moon surface.

NET 2025 — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3 / Human Moon Mission, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Potential date for India 1st Human mission to Moon surface via Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk.3.

NET 2025 — RSA, Launch Angara-5V / Human Crew Mission, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: First crewed launch from new spaceport planned for this year.

NET 2025 — JAXA, Launch HRV (HTV Return Vehicle) / Human Mission, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: Japan plans to launch JAXA astronauts to space this year.

NET 2025 — Voyager 1 & 2, Interstellar Space: The farthest spacecraft from Earth, NASA Voyagers communications / data return are expected to cease this year due to radioactive power sources becoming unable to provide enough electrical energy for critical subsystems; launched 1977.

NET 2025 — NASA, Launch Europa Clipper, TBD: NASA orbiter to investigate Europa habitability & observe future landing sites; mission may include international collaboration, other craft, probes or lander.

NET 2025 — RSA, Launch Venera-D, TBD: RSA to launch Venera-D mission to Venus, consisting of orbiter and lander.

NET 2025 — RSA, Launch Millimetron, TBD: Russia to launch space observatory with a diameter of 10 meters to Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point to study black holes, formation of stars, planets, galaxies.

2026

NET 2026 — Euclid, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Scheduled end of European Space Agency Euclid mission to measure accelerated expansion of Universe, aid in understanding of dark energy / dark matter; future plans to be determined.

2028

NET 2028 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion Human Moon Surface Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: NASA planning to launch Astronauts to lunar surface, potentially in coordination with Asteroid Redirect mission.

2029

NET Feb — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: ESA / NASA / RSA INTEGRAL space telescope will burn up upon Earth atmosphere reentry this month due to natural orbit decay after running out of fuel reserves / end of science mission in early 2020s; launched Oct 2002.

Apr 13 — Asteroid 99942 Apophis, Earth Flyby: On this day, which happens to be a Friday, 320-meter diameter asteroid previously known as 2004 MN4 will narrowly miss Earth by about 30,000 km.

NET Jul — Chang’e-2, Deep Space: Spacecraft expected to come within 7M km of Earth this year after reaching 300M km apogee.

2030

NET 2030 — RSA, Launch Human Moon Mission, TBD, Russia: Russia plans to begin Human Moon missions within the year, work toward setting up Moon base.

NET 2030 — NASA, Launch Human Mars Mission, TBD: Projected date / decade for NASA to send Humans to Mars.

NET 2030 — CNSA, Launch Mars Sample Return Mission, TBD, China: China expects to launch sample return mission to Mars by this date.

NET 2030 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt: Spacecraft expected to continue exploring Kuiper Belt until at least middle of this decade.

NET 2030 — PLATO, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: ESA PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) 6-year mission to find / study extrasolar planetary systems, seismic activity in stars ends this year; mission extension / plans to be determined.

NET Jan — JUICE, Jupiter Orbit: ESA Jupiter Icy moons Explorer (JUICE) expected to reach Jupiter early this year; will spend at least 3.5 years studying Jupiter atmosphere and magnetosphere, moons Ganymede, Europa, Callisto and Io.

2032

Nov 12 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; starts Nov 12 at 20:41 HST, ends 01:07 Nov 13.

2033

NET 2033 — Government of the Republic of Turkey, Roketsan Inc., Ankara, Turkey: Turkey hopes to have space-launch capabilities and more than 20 operational satellites by this date.

2036

Apr 13 — Asteroid 99942 Apophis, Earth Flyby: Asteroid, 320 meters in diameter & previously known as 2004 MN4, will make 2nd pass by Earth missing by about 50M km.

2060

2060 — EC2LIPSE, Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange Point: ISU project EC2LIPSE to explore climate change, create solar radiation management roadmap in Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange point.

2061

2061 — Halley’s Comet, Deep Space: Return of Halley’s Comet.

2078

NET 2078 — Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), LEO: Orbiting ultraviolet space telescope will burn up upon atmospheric reentry this year – 65 years after being decommissioned in 2013.

2084

Nov 10 — Transit of Earth, Moon, Phobos: As seen from the slopes of Elysium Mons on Mars, the Earth, the Moon and Mars moon Phobos to pass directly between Mars and Sun; observers see Moon(s) and Earth as small dots gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2117

Dec 11 — Transit of Venus: Venus to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2125

Dec 8 — Transit of Venus: Venus to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2123

Jun 9 – Total Eclipse of Moon: Long-duration total lunar eclipse of 106.1 minutes.

2168

Jul 16 – Eclipse of Sun: Longest solar eclipse of the Century at 7 minutes 29 seconds; may be longest eclipse during 10,000 year period from 4000 BC to AD 6000.

2391

May 11 – Partial Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2600

May 5 – Eclipse of Sun: First total solar eclipse visible in London since 2151.

2650

Sep 3 – Earth / Mars Minimum Distance Reached: Distance between Earth & Mars reaches new minimum at 55,651,582.118 km on this date during perihelitic opposition.

2729

Sep 8 – Earth / Mars Minimum Distance Reached: Distance between Earth & Mars reaches new minimum at 55,651,033.122 km on this date during perihelitic opposition.

3000

NET Jan — Gamma Cephei becomes ‘North Star’: Due to precession of the equinoxes, also known as axial precession or lunisolar precession, positions of stars slowly change in both equatorial coordinates & ecliptic longitude; this year Gamma Cephei will enter the North Star position.

8,401,976

NET May — Laser Geodynamics Satellite 1 (LAGEOS-1), MEO: LAGEOS-1 laser ranging satellite mission, carrying plaque designed by Carl Sagan, predicted to reenter Earth atmosphere close to this date; launched May 4, 1976 to 5,900-km altitude orbit.

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