Downrange

= All times for terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for international terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for space events, and…

= All times for international space / astro events in Hawaii Standard Time unless noted. Add 10 hours to obtain UT (‘Universal Time;’ Greenwich, England)

2017

Oct 30 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / Koreasat 5A, Cape Canaveral AFS CA: Falcon 9 rocket to launch Koreasat 5A communications satellite for KTsat based in South Korea.

Oct 30-31 — Northwestern Polytechnical University, “Belt and Road” Aerospace Innovation Alliance (BRAIA), Qingdao, Shandong, China: Young Elites Aerospace Innovation Forum of BRAIA.

Oct 30 – Nov 2 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Samara University, Samara, Russia: UN/Russian Federation Workshop on Capacity-Building in Space Science and Technology for Sustainable Social and Economic Development.

Oct 31 — Dark Matter Day 2017, Global: On and around this date local events planned by institutions and individuals will engage the public in discussions about dark matter, and present & planned experiments that seek to solve its mysteries.

Oct 31 — American Astronautical Society, Online: Due date for submissions for AAS Awards to recognize accomplishments by individuals or teams in the space community.

Oct 31 – Nov 1 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston TX: Second Hands-on Training in Handling and Manipulation of Small Extraterrestrial Samples.

Oct 31 – Nov 3 — Keck Institute for Space Studies, Caltech, Pasadena CA: Workshop: Cryogenic Comet (and Centaur) Sample Return – Compelling New Science vs. Technological Challenges – Part II,

NET Nov — SpaceX, Launch Falcon Heavy Demo, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX maiden falcon heavy to launch this quarter, rocket consists of standard Falcon 9 rocket core with two additional strap-on boosters (total of 27 Merlin engines).

NET Nov – Apr 2018 — CNSA, Tiangong-1 Earth Atmosphere Reentry, LEO: China 1st Space Lab to be disintegrated during Earth atmosphere reentry after slow orbit decay beginning March 16, 2016; predicted to reenter between 43°N and 43°S latitudes during this time frame.

NET Nov — IAU Commission F.3 (Astrobiology), Coyhaique, Chile: Astrobiology 2017; fostering interdisciplinary collaborations for advancement of Astrobiology with researchers from astrophysics, chemistry, biology, geology, humanities, sociology.

Nov 1 — Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson AZ: Lecture: Are There Unseen Planets Lurking in the Kuiper Belt? by Kathryn Volk of LPL.

Nov 1-2 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, USRA, Houston TX: The Europa Deep Dive 1: Ice-Shell Exchange Processes Workshop; first in a series of workshops to examine Europa geology, ocean, interior, ice shell, composition, space environment, astrobiological potential.

Nov 1-2 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Irvine CA: Space Studies Board Meeting.

Nov 1-3 — Canadian Science Policy Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: 9th Canadian Science Policy Conference 2017.

Nov 2 — International Space Station, LEO: Today marks beginning of 18th year of continuous Human occupation of ISS; first component launched Nov 20, 1998, occupation began Nov 2, 2000.

Nov 2 — Library of Congress Science, Technology and Business Division, Washington DC: Lecture: To Explore Strange New Worlds…NASA’s Small Steps and Giant Leaps in Understanding Worlds Beyond; Padi Boyd, NASA.

Nov 3 — National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Associated Universities Inc., Socorro NM: 2017 Jansky Lecturer: Dr. Bernard Fanaroff speaks on Observing the Universe from Africa: Linking Radio Astronomy and Development.

Nov 3 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, John-David Bartoe, adult US$69.95.

Nov 3-4 — Adler Planetarium, Chicago IL: Kavli Fulldome Lecture Series: Are we Alone in the Universe?; presented by Lisa Kaltenegger, Director of the Carl Sagan Institute at Cornell University.

Nov 4 — Science of Laws Institute, San Diego chapter of International Council on Systems Engineering, San Diego CA: 4th Annual Science of Laws Conference.

Nov 4 — Mauna Kea Astronomy Outreach Committee, Mauna Kea Observatories, Kailua Kona HI: AstroDay West Hawai`i 2017; at the Kona Commons Shopping Center, 11:00.

Nov 5 — The Space Show, Online / Tiburon CA: Dr. David Livingston talks with Yalda Mousavinia of Space Cooperative.

Nov 6 — Keck Institute for Space Studies, Pasadena CA: Lecture: Automaton Rover for Extreme Environments: Steampunk Meets Spacecraft; by Jonathan Sauder and Evan Hilgemann of JPL.

Nov 6-9 — UNOOSA, Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre, Dubai, United Arab Emirates: United Nations/United Arab Emirates – High Level Forum: Space as a Driver for Socio-Economic Sustainable Development.

Nov 6-10 — Lorentz Center, Leiden, The Netherlands: Workshop: The Physics of Quenching Massive Galaxies at High Redshift.

Nov 7 — British Interplanetary Society, International Space Elevator Consortium, London, United Kingdom: BIS Symposium on Space Elevators.

Nov 7 — Arianespace, Launch Vega / MN35-13, Kourou, French Guiana: Arianespace Vega rocket, designated VV11, to launch MN35-13 Earth observation satellite for the government of Morocco.

Nov 7-9 — Caltech, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena CA: SPICE Domestic Training Class for 2017; SPICE is an ancillary information system providing scientists & engineers access to spacecraft orbit, attitude & information needed to determine observation geometry used in planning and analyzing space science observations.

Nov 7-9 — SMi Group, SES, Airbus, London, United Kingdom: 19th Global MilSatCom Conference & Agenda.

Nov 7-10 — Thirty Meter Telescope, Mysore, India: Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) Science Forum: Beyond First Light; to plan for future TMT science programs.

Nov 7-10 — Square Kilometre Array South Africa, Cape Town, Africa: Astroinformatics 2017 Meeting.

Nov 8 — British Interplanetary Society, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, United Kingdom: Lectures: Mars – Man or Machine? featuring Professor Yang Gao, Tanya Lim, Abbie Hutty, Nick Spall.

Nov 8 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Space Age Publishing Company, Kamuela HI: Galaxy Forum Hawaii 2017 – Kamuela: Future of Astronomy in Hawaii.

Nov 8-10 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Kamuela HI: ILOA 10th Annual Board of Directors Meeting.

Nov 9 — Space Frontier Foundation, Space Angels, Satellite Finance, SatNews, Seattle WA: A New Space Age Summit; featuring Yuri Milner, Susmita Mohanty, Lori Garver, George Whitesides, Naveen Jain, Chris Lewicki, more.

Nov 9 — Canadian Space Commerce Association, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Space Policy Symposium.

Nov 9-10 — Secure World Foundation, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington DC: Space Crisis Dynamics and Uncertainty.

Nov 9-10 — EMEA Satellite Operators Association, Satellite Interference Reduction Group (IRG),Satellite Evolution Group, SatNews, Istanbul, Turkey: 3rd Global SatShow.

Nov 10 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Delta 2 / Joint Polar Satellite System-1 spacecraft, Vandenberg AFB CA: Launch of Joint Polar Satellite System-1 (JPSS-1) spacecraft, developed by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center for NOAA, aboard Delta 2 rocket.

Nov 10 — British Interplanetary Society, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom: Lecture: Once Explorers; Always Explorers – Europe’s Role in Space Exploration; David Parker of ESA.

Nov 10 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, John-David Bartoe, adult US$69.95.

Nov 10 — New Worlds, STEAM Space Education Outreach, Austin TX: Cities in Space Student Competition; at New Worlds 2017 Conference to motivate students for Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Math.

Nov 10-11 — New Worlds, Deep Space Industries, GHG Corp., PixelPromenade, Heinlein Prize Trust, Austin TX: New Worlds 2017 Conference; at Renaissance Austin Hotel.

Nov 11 — Orbital ATK, Launch Antares / OA-8, Wallops Island VA: Upgraded Antares rocket to launch 9th Cygnus cargo freighter on 8th operational flight to the ISS; will carry Asgardia 1st satellite to ISS for deployment.

Nov 12 — The Space Show, Online / Tiburon CA: Dr. David Livingston talks with Rob Kunz about NewSpace VC investment.

Nov 12-13 — Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Lunar and Planetary Laboratory (LPL) of University of Arizona, Tucson AZ: Arizona-JAXA Workshop 2017: Planetary Science Enabled by Epsilon Class Missions.

Nov 12-18 — French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), Cargese, France: 13th School of Cosmology: The CMB from A to Z.

Nov 13-15 — International Academy of Astronautics, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Department – University of Florida, Orlando FL: 1st IAA Conference on Space Situational Awareness (ICSSA).

Nov 13-15 — Space Telescope Science Institute, NASA, ESA, CSA, Baltimore MD: Meeting: Planning Solar System Observations with JWST.

Nov 13-17 — Nexus for Exoplanet System Science (NExSS), NASA, Laramie WY: Habitable Worlds 2017: A System Science Workshop.

Nov 13-17 — International Astronomical Union, University of Cape Town, South African Astronomical Observatory, Stellenbosch, South Africa: IAU Symposium 339: Southern Horizons in Time-Domain Astronomy.

Nov 14 — National Geographic, Broadcast: Premier of MARS: Our Future on the Red Planet.

Nov 14-16 — ESA, DLR, CNES, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: 5th Human Dependability Workshop (HUDEP 2017): Towards Human Centered Design in the Whole System Life Cycle.

Nov 14-16 — National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington DC: Meeting: Best Practices for a Future Open Code Policy for NASA Space Science.

Nov 14-17 — ISRO, JAXA, of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, Bengaluru, India: Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF-24).

Nov 15 — CNSA, Launch Long March 4C / Fengyun 3D, Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center: China Long March 4C rocket to launch the Fengyun 3D weather satellite into polar orbit.

Nov 15 — PBS, Time Inc., Broadcast / Arlington VA: Beyond a Year in Space; part 2 of Year in Space; chronicles astronaut Scott Kelly return & adjustment to life on Earth after spending 12 months at ISS – the longest space mission in American history.

Nov 16-17 — The Ministry of the Economy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, ESA, Space Frontier Foundation, Luxembourg City: NewSpace Europe: New Frontiers of Opportunity; featuring Johann-Dietrich Wörner – ESA, Jochen Harms – OHB Venture Capital, Pete Worden – Breakthrough Prize Foundation.

Nov 16-17 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: Lecture: Mars 2020 Lecture or There and Back Again.

Nov 16-18 — Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS), University of Central Florida, Cape Canaveral FL: SEDS SpaceVision 2017.

Nov 17 — `Imiloa Astronomy Center, University of Hawai`i – Hilo, Hilo HI: Mauna Kea Skies Talk; astronomers from Mauna Kea observatories speak about recent discoveries; this session features UKIRT; 19:00 HST, US$8-10.

Nov 17 — Caltech, Pasadena CA: Cosmic Lenses: Bending Light with Gravity; Denise Schmitz, 19:00.

Nov 17 — Space Foundation, Online / Colorado Springs CO: Entries due for 8th Annual International Student Art Contest 2018 “My Space City Vision”; winners notified January 2018, to be displayed at 34th Space Symposium.

Nov 18 — National Space Society of North Texas, Grapevine TX: TX-Central Regional Space Development Conference; featuring Ken Murphy (Moon Society), Kurt Chankaya (Dallas Mars Society), Camille Wardrop Alleyne (NASA), UTD professor Donald Hicks.

Nov 18 — Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson AZ: 39th Bratfest: The Grill Finale – Celebrating the Life of Cassini.

Nov 19-21 — Moon Village Association, International Space University, Strasbourg, France: 1st International Moon Village Workshop.

Nov 19-21 — National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Irvine CA: Meeting: Extraterrestrial Sample Analysis Facilities.

Nov 20 — Swift, LEO: Observing gamma-ray bursts & their afterglows in gamma-ray, X-ray, ultraviolet, optical wavelengths from LEO, craft begins 14th year of operations today, launched in 2004.

NET Nov 20 — JAXA, Launch Epsilon / ASNARO 2, Uchinoura Space Center, Japan: Epsilon rocket to launch Advanced Satellite with New System ARchitecture for Observation (ASNARO) 2 radar Earth observation satellite developed by Japan Space Systems and NEC Corp.

Nov 20-22 — UNOOSA, Italian Space Agency (ASI), Vienna, Austria: United Nations / Italy Workshop on the Open Universe Initiative.

Nov 21 — Canadian Space Society, Ottawa University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: 17th Canadian Space Summit 2017.

Nov 21 — The Space Show, Online / Tiburon CA: Dr. David Livingston talks with space historian and author Bob Zimmerman.

Nov 23-24 — Chinese Society of Astronautics, International Academy of Astronautics, Shanghai, China: 7th CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Technology: Space Technology Innovation and Space Commercialization.

Nov 23-24 — ESA, University of Padua, Padua, Italy: ESA Space History Conference.

Nov 26 – Dec 1 — International Astronomical Union, Coyhaique, Chile: Astrobiology 2017: Research Meeting by IAU’s Commission F3.

Nov 27-30 — International Academy of Astronautics, Shenzhen, China: 21st IAA Humans in Space Symposium; at Shenzhen Convention & Exhibition Center.

Nov 27 – Dec 1 — ESA, Belgian Solar-Terrestrial Centre of Excellence, Space Weather Working Team, Brussels, Belgium: 14th European Space Weather Week.

Nov 27 – Dec 1 — Knowledge4Innovation, Ostend, Belgium: 9th European Innovation Summit.

Nov 28 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 13, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 15th Dragon spacecraft on 13th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

Nov 28 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Meteor M2-1 (MS-08), Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Meteor M2-1 polar-orbiting weather satellite and secondary payloads including Earth observation CubeSats for Planet and Spire.

Nov 29-30 — International Space Exploration Coordination Group, Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute, Ames Research Center, NASA, Moffett Field CA: Global Exploration Road Map Workshop.

Nov 29-30 — ESA, Cologne, Germany: RAMS Awareness Workshop on Human Spaceflight and Robotic Exploration (PA3); at European Astronaut Centre.

Nov 29 – Dec 1 — National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Irvine CA: Meeting: Review of Progress Toward Implementing the Decadal Survey Vision and Voyages for Planetary Sciences.

Nov 29 – Dec 2 — Caltech, NRAO, ALMA, Pasadena CA: Symposium: The Origin of Galaxies, Stars, and Planets in the Era of ALMA.

NET Dec — ExoMars 2016 Orbiter, Mars Orbit: Science operations to begin this month after entering orbit 14 months ago – ESA science mission to continue until at least Dec 2019, will also support data relay operations for NASA landers on Mars; in 2021 expected to support communications for ExoMars 2020 rover & lander, and operate until Dec 2022.

NET Dec — Blue Origin, KSC FL: Construction of company’s new facility at Exploration Park, KSC to be completed this month; site will be used for orbital rocket development, testing, launch.

Dec 1 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Tom Jones, adult US$69.95.

Dec 2 — Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), LEO: ESA / NASA craft studying sun, begins 23rd year of operations today, launched 1995; has discovered more than 3,000 comets.

Dec 3 — Hayabusa 2, Asteroid 162173 Ryugu Trajectory: JAXA Hayabusa 2 begins 4th full year in space today, launched Dec 3, 2014; expected to reach asteroid June / July 2018.

Dec 4-7 — International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), Group of Astrodynamics for the Use of Space Systems (GAUSS), Rome, Italy: 4th IAA Conference on University Satellite Missions and CubeSat Workshop.

Dec 4-8 — ESA, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: 51st ESLAB Symposium: Extreme Habitable Worlds; focusing on extreme habitability on Earth, Solar System and throughout the Universe.

Dec 5-6 — ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: Workshop: Research Opportunities on the Deep Space Gateway; at European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC).

Dec 5-7 — SpaceCom, Houston TX: Space Commerce Conference and Exposition (SpaceCom Expo 2017); with more than 250 NASA executives, at George R. Brown Convention Center.

Dec 6-7 — Canadian Space Agency, Saint-Hubert, Quebec, Canada: Dream Chaser for Canada; firms and researchers will be able to propose technologies and science to Sierra Nevada Corp, could lead the way for Canadian researchers to perform experiments and demonstrations in LEO.

Dec 7 — Akatsuki, Venus Orbit: JAXA first successful planetary orbiter imaging Venus atmosphere, monitoring weather changes begins 3rd year at Venus today.

Dec 7 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Zenit 3F / AngoSat, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Ukraine Zenit rocket with Russia Fregat upper stage to launch AngoSat communications satellite – Angola’s first satellite (built by RSC Energia).

Dec 8 — Orbital ATK, Launch Pegasus XL / ICON, Kwajalein, Marshall Islands: Orbital ATK Pegasus XL rocket to launch NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) satellite into orbit

Dec 8 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; Meeting: Dynamic Coupling in the Terrestrial Atmosphere; Meeting: The link Between AGN and Galaxy Formation.

Dec 8 — Caltech, Pasadena CA: Brown Dwarfs: Too Small a Star, Too Massive a Planet; Kaew Tinyanont, 19:00.

Dec 8 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Ken Cameron, adult US$69.95.

Dec 8 — The Space Show, Online / Tiburon CA: Dr. David Livingston talks with Space educator and consultant Bruce Cordell.

Dec 9 — New Horizons, KBO 2014 MU69 Trajectory: Spacecraft to perform trajectory maneuver today for 1 Jan 2019 encounter.

Dec 10 — XMM-Newton, Very Eccentric Elliptical LEO: ESA craft studying X-ray emissions, star-forming regions, galaxy clusters, environment of supermassive black holes, mapping dark matter, begins 19th year in space today, launched 1999.

Dec 11-14 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), Matieland, South Africa: United Nations/South Africa Symposium on Basic Space Technology.

Dec 11-15 — American Geophysical Union, New Orleans LA: 2017 Fall Meeting of AGU.

Dec 11-15 — National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Playa del Carmen, Mexico: Conference: Deciphering the Violent Universe.

Dec 11-15 — University of Groningen, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, European Research Council, Bariloche, Argentina: Conference: Distant Galaxies from the Far South.

Dec 12 — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / Galileo 19-22, Kourou, French Guiana: Arianespace Ariane 5 ES rocket, designated VA240, to launch four Galileo full operational capability satellites for Europe Galileo navigation constellation.

Dec 12-15 — Vietnam National University, Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, JAXA, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: International Conference in Vietnam: Space Science and Technology.

Dec 13 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Delta 4 / NROL-47, Vandenberg AFB CA: ULA Delta 4 rocket to launch classified spacecraft payload for U.S. National Reconnaissance Office.

Dec 13 — 45th Observation of Last Human to Walk on Moon (Apollo 17), Worldwide: As 2018 approaches, commercial enterprises are looking to land craft on Moon surface and international countries plan Human Moon missions, observations of Apollo 17 and Astronaut Gene Cernan (Last Man on Moon) take place today.

Dec 13-15 — ESA, Space Telescope Science Institute, NASA, CSA, Noordwijk, Netherlands: Meeting: Planning Solar System Observations with JWST.

Dec 14 — Chang’e-3 Lander, Guang Han Gong, Sinus Iridum / Mare Imbrium, 44.12°N 19.51°W, Moon Surface: Spacecraft begins 5th year on Moon; landed 2013.

Dec 14 — NEOWISE, LEO: NASA Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) spacecraft (redubbed Near-Earth Object WISE – NEOWISE) begins 9th year in Space; launched 2009.

Dec 14, 15 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: 2017 von Kármán Lecture Series: Weight Watching from Space – Tracking Earth’s Water Cycle with GRACE Follow-On; Felix Landerer, research scientist JPL.

Dec 15 — `Imiloa Astronomy Center, University of Hawai`i – Hilo, Hilo HI: Mauna Kea Skies Talk; astronomers from Mauna Kea observatories speak about recent discoveries; this session features Thirty Meter Telescope; 19:00 HST, US$8-10.

Dec 16 — Juno, Perijove 10 / 9th Science Close Flyby, Jupiter Orbit: NASA craft in 53-day orbit to come within ~3,500 km of Jupiter cloud tops during Perijove 10, its 10th close flyby of Jupiter and 9th science flyby with instruments turned on.

Dec 16 — Up Aerospace, Launch SpaceLoft XL / 8th Earth Rise Mission , Las Cruces NM: Up Aerospace to launch 8th suborbital Earth Rise mission (The Starseeker Flight) for Celestis Inc.

Dec 17 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-07 / ISS 53S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Expedition 54/55 members Scott Tingle of NASA, Norishige Kanai of JAXA and Alexander Skvortsov of NASA to launch to ISS.

Dec 18-20 — Next-Generation Suborbital Researchers, SwRI, Commercial Spaceflight Federation, Broomfield CO: Next-generation Suborbital Researchers Conference 2017; at Omni Interlocken Resort.

Dec 19 — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: ESA spacecraft reaches 4 years in orbit today; 5-year planned mission aims to map more than 1 billion stars; launched in 2013.

Dec 22 — New Horizons, KBO 2014 MU69 Trajectory: Spacecraft to go into hibernation today until 4 Jun 2018 at which point it will awaken to prepare for KBO approach and flyby 1 Jan 2019.

Dec 22 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Kanopus-V 3 and 4, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz to launch Kanopus-V 3 and 4 Earth observation satellites to assist Russia government in disaster response, mapping and forest fire detection.

Dec 22 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Brian Duffy, adult US$69.95.

Dec 25 — Mars Express, Mars Orbit: ESA spacecraft begins 15th year in orbit today; will continue to study Mars atmosphere & climate, planet structure, mineralogy, geology, and to search for traces of water.

Dec 29 — The Space Show, Online / Tiburon CA: Dr. David Livingston talks with Tom Olson for the annual year end space industry summary discussion.

Dec 29 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Jerry Ross, adult US$69.95.

2018

NET 2018 — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-5, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): CE-5 to collect up to 2 kg of lunar regolith over 2-day period near Mons Rumker Region 40.8° N, 58.1° W and transport back to Earth (Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia) within 1 month from launch; is precursor to CE-6 sample return mission and human missions.

NET 2018 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Moon Express Inc., Canadensys Aerospace Corp., Launch ILO-1, TBD: Launch of ILOA multifunctional observatory to Moon South Pole; will conduct radio astronomy, scientific & commercial communications, serve as catalyst for lunar base build-out.

NET 2018 — Bigelow Aerospace LLC, TBD: Launch Alpha Station to LEO, a commercial space station consisting of 2 BA-330 modules and 110 cubic meters of space.

NET 2018 — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Tianhe-1, TBD, China: China Space Station experimental core module Tianhe-1 (“Heavenly River” / Milky Way) expected to launch on new heavy lift Long March 5 rocket to LEO this year (orbit between 350 – 450 km), followed by launch of laboratory modules in 2020 and 2022.

NET 2018 — Canadian Space Agency, Launch RADARSAT Constellation, TBD: CSA RADARSAT Constellation Mission with 3 satellites will provide complete coverage of Canada vast land mass and oceans.

NET Q1 2018 — Rocket Lab, Moon Express, Launch Electron Rocket / MX-1 Lander, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand: Launch of Moon Express lunar spacecraft to advance Moon exploration and commercial development, attempt to win US$20M Google Lunar XPRIZE; craft to carry ILO-X Moon telescope, Celestis Luna-02 missions for cremated remains.

NET Q1 2018 — ISRO, Launch PSLV / Team Indus, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: ISRO Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle to loft GLXP Team Indus craft to Earth orbit 880 km x 70,000 km; craft will attempt to soft land in Mare Imbrium on 26 Jan 2018, deploy rover & travel 500 meters for Google Lunar XPRIZE; also carrying Japan Team Hakuto two small rovers.

NET H1 2018 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon Heavy / LightSail, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX to launch LightSail solar sail mission for Planetary Society.

NET Jan — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3 – D2, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk. 3 with lift off mass of more than 640 ton, set to launch second demonstration orbital flight with TBD payload.

NET Jan — TBA, Celestis, Launch Heritage Flight, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Launch cremated remains to Earth Orbit for customers of Celestis Inc. hosted aboard OTB (Orbital Test Bed) satellite built by Surrey Satellite Technology; Earth Orbit Service #7,Celestis Memorial Spaceflight: #16.

NET Jan — Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS), 2,500-meter Elevation, Mauna Loa HI: HI-SEAS 6 six-member ‘Lavanaut’ crew to begin 8-month space mission simulation.

Jan 4-7 — National Radio Science Meeting, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society, U.S. National Committee, International Union of Radio Science (URSI), Boulder CO: National Radio Science Meeting (NRSM).

Jan 5 — Inspiration Mars Foundation, Launch Humans for Mars Flyby, USA: Planning to send 1 woman and 1 man on 501-day round trip to come within 161 km of Mars.

Jan 7-13 — University of Alaska Fairbanks, Geophysical Institute, Applied Physics Laboratory, Peking University, Kona HI: Conference: Fundamental Physical Processes in Solar-Terrestrial Research and Their Relevance to Planetary Physics 2018.

Jan 8-12 — American Astronomical Society, Washington DC: 231st Meeting of the AAS; at Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center.

Jan 8-12 — AIAA, Orlando FL: 2018 AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition (SciTech 2018); AIAA Spacecraft Structures Conference; Space Flight Mechanics Meeting; at Gaylord Palms Resort and Convention Center.

Jan 10-12 — LEAG, NASA SSERVI, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field CA: Lunar Science for Landed Missions Workshop.

Jan 11 — NRAO, National Science Foundation, Associated Universities, Inc., National Harbor MD: The Very Large Array Today and Tomorrow: First Molecules to Life on Exoplanets.

Jan 15-19 — International Space Science Institute, Project MiARD – Multi Instrument Analysis of Rosetta Data, Bern, Switzerland: Workshop: Comets – Post 67P Perspectives.

Jan 15-19 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: The Growth of Galaxies in the Early Universe – IV.

Jan 15 – Feb 16 — International Space University, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia: 2018 Southern Hemisphere Space Studies Program; intensive, five week, live-in experience built around an international, intercultural, and interdisciplinary educational philosophy.

Jan 16-18 — Boston University, NASA, Boston MA: Workshop: Dwarfs Stars and Clusters with K2.

Jan 16-19 — Keck Institute for Space Studies, Caltech, Pasadena CA: Workshop: The Architecture of LISA Science Analysis – Imagining the Future.

Jan 19 — New Horizons, KBO 2014 MU69 Trajectory: Spacecraft begins 13th year in space today, launched Jan 19, 2006 – flew by Pluto July 2015; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

Jan 21-26 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Chemical and Dynamical Evolution of Galaxies.

Jan 23-24 — National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Space Studies Board of US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Guangzhou, China: 7th Forum for New Leaders in Space Science; to provide opportunities for select group of young scientists to discuss their research activities.

Jan 25 — Opportunity, Mars Surface: Rover begins 15th year on Mars; holds “off-world” record for having driven the greatest distance; launched 2003, landed 2004.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 51st Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2017 for further detail.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 32nd Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2016 for more detail.

NET Feb — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 14, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 16th Dragon spacecraft on 14th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET Feb — JAXA, Launch H-2B / HTV-7, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: An uncrewed Japan H-2B rocket set to launch 7th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 7) to deliver supplies to ISS.

NET Feb — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 69P (MS-08), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 69P resupply ship to ISS.

Feb 1 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon / Dragon V2 (Crew Dragon) Demo 1, KSC FL: SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft uncrewed test flight to launch to ISS for NASA commercial crew program.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 15th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2016 for more detail.

Feb 1-2 — Singapore Space and Technology Association (SSTA), Singapore: Global Space and Technology Convention 2018; and GSTC 10th Year Celebration Dinner.

Feb 3 – Mar 19 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, Houston TX: Campaign 4: Mission 4 – Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA 2017); 45 day analog spaceflight / Moon / Mars mission.

Feb 5-9 — Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (AMOS), American Meteorological Society (AMS), Sydney, Australia: AMOS / AMS Joint Annual Meeting.

Feb 7 — Juno, Perijove 11 / 10th Science Close Flyby, Jupiter Orbit: NASA craft in 53-day orbit to come within ~3,500 km of Jupiter cloud tops during Perijove 11, its 11th close flyby of Jupiter and 10th science flyby with instruments turned on.

Feb 9 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; From the Outer to the Inner Solar System – The Origin and Evolution of Comets; The Epoch of Reionisation – UK Community Update.

Feb 12-16 — ESA, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: Workshop on Innovative Technologies for Space Optics.

Feb 12-16 — University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland: Workshop: Water During Planet Formation and Evolution.

Feb 13-15 — Canadian Space Commerce Association, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: 2018 Canadian SmallSat Symposium.

Feb 15 — Orbital ATK, Launch Antares / OA-10, Wallops Island VA: Upgraded Antares rocket to launch 11th Cygnus cargo freighter on 10th operational flight to the ISS.

Feb 16 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2018 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Dog.

Feb 17 — Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), LEO: Three satellites in magnetosphere (two in Moon orbit – now called ARTEMIS) begin 12th year in space today; launched 2007.

Feb 17-18 — University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Women in Planetary Science and Exploration (WPSE) Conference 2018.

Feb 25 – Mar 2 — Rencontres du Vietnam, Quy Nhon, Vietnam: 2nd Rencontres du Vietnam on Exoplanetary Science.

Feb 25 – Mar 2 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Exploring Star Formation in the Remote Universe.

Feb 26-28 — Danish Ministry for Science and Higher Education, ESO, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), ESA, Copenhagen, Denmark: Big Science Business Forum 2018 (BSBF2018).

Feb 26 – Mar 2 — Basic Sciences Development Program (PEDEClBA), La Plata, Argentina: 9th Planetary Science Workshop.

Feb 27 – Mar 1 — Canaveral Council of Technical Societies, NASA Kennedy Space Center, Space Florida, Economic Development Commission of Florida Space Coast., Cape Canaveral FL: 45th Space Congress: The Journey: Future Exploration for Universal Opportunities.

Feb 28 – Mar 21 — British Interplanetary Society, London, United Kingdom: Symposium: Mars in the Age of New Space Launchers; two-day symposium to explore emerging possibilities for human Mars exploration and settlement, as NASA SLS rocket approaches its first flight and as competing plans from private industry take shape.

NET Mar — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-08 / ISS 54S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 55/56 to ISS, Ricky Arnold and Andrew Feustel of NASA.

NET Mar — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 2 / Chandrayaan-2, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India 2nd robotic Moon Mission expected to launch orbiter, and lander / rover for polar mission; plans for Chandrayaan 3 and 4 are underway.

NET Mar — ISRO, Launch GSLV / Mars Orbiter Mission-2, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India 2nd Mars mission may be launched this month (based on relative positions of Earth and Mars) with advanced science instruments to “ideal” Mars orbit of 200 km x 2,000 km.

NET Mar — ISRO, Launch PSLV CA / Cartosat 3, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle to launch sixth satellite of ISRO Cartosat series, the current generation of Indian remote sensing satellites.

NET Mar — KARI, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute expects to have completed development of indigenous second-stage rocket.

Mar 2-12 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Galaxy Interactions and Mergers Across Cosmic Time.

Mar 3 — International Space Exploration Forum, Tokyo, Japan: 2nd International Space Exploration Forum; international representatives to advance shared objectives for Human exploration of space.

Mar 5-9 — ESO, Santiago, Chile: Workshop: Diversis Mundi – The Solar System in an Exoplanetary Context.

Mar 6 — Dawn, Main Asteroid Belt: Spacecraft begins 4th year at Ceres today; launched Sep 2007 and arrived March 2015 after orbiting Vesta in 2011.

Mar 7 — Kepler, Heliocentric Orbit: Craft searching for exoplanets begins 10th year in space today; operating in K2 extension mission after two reaction wheels failed altering original mission goals; launched 2009.

Mar 10 — Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Orbit: NASA spacecraft begins 13th year in Mars orbit today, continues to study seasonal changes on planet circling at 300-km near-polar orbit; launched Aug 12, 2005, entered orbit Mar 10, 2006.

Mar 11-16 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Galaxy Interactions and Mergers Across Cosmic Time.

Mar 27-29 — International Astronautical Federation, Paris, France: IAF Spring Meetings 2018; at the CAP Convention Center.

Mar 27-29 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Apr — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: ESA spacecraft next data release expected this month, on mission to map 1 Billions Stars.

NET Apr — JAXA, Launch Epsilon / Smart Lander for Investigating Moon (SLIM), Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: SLIM Moon mission planning to launch this fiscal year (Apr 2018 – Apr 2019); will test technologies for future lunar missions, including SELENE-2 and Human Missions.

NET Apr — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 15, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 17th Dragon spacecraft on 15th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET Apr — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 70P (MS-09), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 70P resupply ship to ISS.

Apr 1 — Juno, Perijove 12 / 11th Science Close Flyby, Jupiter Orbit: NASA craft in 53-day orbit to come within ~3,500 km of Jupiter cloud tops during Perijove 12, its 12th close flyby of Jupiter and 11th science flyby with instruments turned on.

Apr 2-6 — UCLA, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia University, Los Angeles CA: Conference: Shedding Light on the Dark Universe with Extremely Large Telescopes.

Apr 9-12 — American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Aerospace Division, Cleveland OH: Earth and Space 2018: 16th Biennial ASCE International Conference on Engineering, Science, Construction and Operations in Challenging Environments; short course and conference.

Apr 12 — 57th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 37th Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: As NASA works on next gen Space Launch System to send Humans to Moon, Mars and Beyond, commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2018; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 16-18 — Space Foundation, Colorado Springs CO: 34th Space Symposium; at Broadmoor Hotel.

Apr 21 — The Astronomical League, Global: Spring Astronomy Day 2018; astronomical societies, planetariums, museums, observatories sponsoring public viewing sessions, presentations, workshops.

Apr 23-27 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, San Gabriel Valley CA: The First Billion Years Initiative – Differentiation: Building the Internal Architecture of Planets Conference.

Apr 24 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft with 2.4 meter diameter main telescope begins 29th year in space today, launched Apr 24, 1990; expected to continue operations until at least 2022.

Apr 24-26 — NASA Planetary Data System Geosciences, McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, St. Louis MO: Conference: Planetary Science Informatics and Data Analytics.

NET May — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-09 / ISS 55S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 56/57 to ISS, Jeanette Epps of NASA (to become first African-American space station member).

NET May — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Launch InSight / Mars Cube One 1 & 2, TBD: Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) Mars lander to launch to Mars, study deep interior; expected to arrive Nov 2016; end of operations planned for Nov 2020.

NET May – Jun — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-4 Orbiter, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): Orbiter for Chang’e-4 communications relay to launch to Earth-Moon Lagrange Point L2 this period to support upcoming lander / rover mission launching NET October to Moon South Pole / Aitken basin with reconfigured / advanced instruments; will carry DSLWP-A1 and A2 microsatellites (50x50x40 cm3, mass of ~45 kg) intended for 200 x 9,000 km lunar orbit for low frequency radio astronomical observation.

May 1 — Orbital ATK, Launch Antares / OA-9, Wallops Island VA: Upgraded Antares rocket to launch 10th Cygnus cargo freighter on 9th operational flight to the ISS.

May 1-2 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Washington DC: Space Studies Board Meeting.

May 1-3 — NASA, Columbia MD: Meeting: Mercury – Current and Future Science of the Innermost Planet.

May 4 — International Space Day 2018, Worldwide: Events and presentations to promote STEM education and inspire people to continue the work of Space explorers; originally began as ‘National Space Day’ in 1997 by Lockheed Martin Corp.

May 5-13 — Friends of Amateur Rocketry, Mars Society, Edwards Air Force Base CA: FAR-MARS Student Rocketry Teams Competition; team whose bi-propellant liquid-fueled rocket comes closest to reaching 13,716 meters will receive $50,000; team that comes closest to hitting same altitude with rocket-powered by liquid-methane and liquid-oxygen will receive $50,000.

May 13-18 — MPIA, Tegernsee, Germany: Meeting: The Early Phase of Star Formation (EPoS 2018): Archetypes; at Ringberg Castle.

May 14-15 — SSERVI, NASA, Toulouse, France: 2018 European Lunar Symposium.

May 14-18 — Institute of Nuclear Sciences (UNAM), ICN, Cozumel, Mexico: Conference: Interstellar – The Matter.

May 14 – Jun 8 — Munich Institute for Astro- and Particle Physics, Munich, Germany: Workshop: Near-Earth Objects – Properties, Detection, Resources, Impacts and Defending Earth.

NET May 15 — Akatsuki, Venus Orbit: JAXA first successful planetary orbiter imaging Venus atmosphere, monitoring weather changes reaches end of planned 2-year science mission at Venus, future mission goals TBD.

May 22-24 — .SPACE, Orbital ATK, MDA, Ascent Aerospace, SmarterShows, Pasadena CA: Space Tech Expo.

May 24 — Juno, Perijove 13 / 12th Science Close Flyby, Jupiter Orbit: NASA craft in 53-day orbit to come within ~3,500 km of Jupiter cloud tops during Perijove 13, its 13th close flyby of Jupiter and 12th science flyby with instruments turned on.

May 24-27 — International Space Development Conference, Los Angeles CA: ISDC 2018; Astronauts, Space leaders and experts meet for plenary sessions, keynotes, exhibit hall, workshops on next-gen space developments.

May 25-26 — Singapore Space and Technology Association (SSTA), Singapore: ActInSpace 2018 (#AIS2018).

May 27 – Jun 1 — University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa AL: Conference: Galactic Rings: Signposts of Secular Evolution in Disk Galaxies.

NET Jun — Hayabusa 2, Asteroid 162173 Ryugu Orbit: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to arrive at C-type asteroid 162173 Ryugu within this month or next; will study for about 1.5 years, make artificial crater, sample asteroid, and return to Earth 2020.

NET Jun — SpaceX, Launch Falcon / Dragon V2 (Crew Dragon) Demo 2, KSC FL: SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft crewed test flight to launch to ISS for NASA commercial crew program.

NET Jun — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-10 / ISS 56S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 57/58 to ISS.

NET Jun — Boeing Company, TBD: Boeing CST-100 Starliner first unpiloted demonstration flight lasting 30 days expected this month.

NET Jun — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), TBD: Launch of TESS to perform all-sky survey to discover transiting exoplanets in habitable zones around nearest and brightest stars in sky via SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.

NET Jun — International Space University, ESA, Netherlands Space Office, Delft University of Technology, Leiden University, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: ISU 31st Space Studies Program (SSP 2018).

Jun 3-7 — American Astronomical Society, Denver CO: 232nd Meeting of the AAS; at Sheraton Denver Downtown.

Jun 3-8 — Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), Honolulu HI: Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS) 15th Annual Meeting.

Jun 4 — New Horizons, KBO 2014 MU69 Trajectory: Spacecraft to awaken from hibernation today to prepare for KBO flyby 1 Jan 2019; approach officially begins in August.

Jun 4-8 — Flatiron Institute, NYU, Harvard, New York NY: 2018 New York City Gaia Sprints; bringing together people who have an interest in timely scientific investigation and use of Gaia Data.

Jun 11 – Jul 6 — Munich Institute for Astro- and Particle Physics, Munich, Germany: Program: The Extragalactic Distance Scale in the Gaia Era.

Jun 16 — 55th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 16-21 — Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, Geological Association of Canada, Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada: Conference: Resources for Future Generations 2018.

Jun 18 — 35th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 20-21 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPOUS), Vienna, Austria: UNISPACE+50; first UN Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE) was held 1968.

Jun 25-29 — AIAA, Atlanta GA: AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA AVIATION 2018); at Hyatt Regency Atlanta.

Jun 26-30 — European Astronomical Society (EAS), Czech Astronomical Society (CzAS), Czech Academy of Sciences, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic: European Week of Astronomy and Space Science (EWASS 2017).

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2018; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

Jul 2-6 — University of Cambridge, Cambridge Exoplanet Research Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom: Exoplanets II Conference.

Jul 2-6 — Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste Observatory, Trieste, Italy: Conference on Shedding Light on the Dark Universe with Extremely Large Telescopes.

Jul 2-6 — ASI, National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), INFN, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Paving the Way for Next Generation of Cosmological Surveys – New Results and New Methods in Galaxy; Conference: The early growth of Super Massive Black Holes (SMBH).

Jul 3-6 — French Society of Astronomy and Astrophysics (SF2A), Bordeaux, France: French Astronomy Week 2018.

Jul 4 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft reaches 2nd full year at Jupiter today, planned to continue operations at least until 2020 before controlled impact to ensure Juno does not impact Jovian moons Europa, Ganymede and Callisto; one-way transmission signal to Earth is 48 minutes.

Jul 9-11 — AIAA, Cincinnati OH: AIAA Propulsion and Energy Forum and Exposition (AIAA Propulsion and Energy 2018).

Jul 12-13 — National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Space Studies Board of US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Pasadena CA: 8th Forum for New Leaders in Space Science; to provide opportunities for select group of young scientists to discuss their research activities.

Jul 14-22 — Committee on Space Research, Pasadena CA: 42nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly.

Jul 16 — Juno, Perijove 14 / 13th Science Close Flyby, Jupiter Orbit: NASA craft in 53-day orbit to come within ~3,500 km of Jupiter cloud tops during Perijove 14, its 14th close flyby of Jupiter and 13th science flyby with instruments turned on; last planned flyby before possible mission extension plans, craft could operate until July 31, 2020.

Jul 20 — Frontiers of Flight Museum, The Moon Society, National Space Society of North Texas, Dallas TX: Moon Day 2018.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 49th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another World taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 42nd Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Jul 22-26 — Gemini Observatory, NSF, National Research Council Canada, San Francisco CA: Conference: Science & Evolution of Gemini Observatory.

Jul 23-27 — University of Texas at Austin, Austin TX: 21st European White Dwarf Workshop.

Jul 27 Earth and Mars: Planets at ~57.6 million km will appear extra bright in sky during opposition.

Jul 29 – Aug 3 — Boston University, MIT, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Cambridge / Boston MA: Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun (COOL STARS 20).

NET Aug — United Launch Alliance, Boeing Company, Launch Atlas 5 / Boeing CST-100 Starliner, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Boeing CST-100 Starliner expected to perform first test with crew via ULA Atlas 5 launch.

NET Aug — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 16, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 18th Dragon spacecraft on 16th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 42nd year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 20-22 — Space Telescope Science Institute, ESA, NASA, CSA, Vienna, Austria: Meeting: James Webb Space Telescope – Launch, Commissioning, and Cycle 1 Science.

Aug 20-31 — International Astronomical Union, Vienna, Austria: 30th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union; also includes Symposium 343: Why Galaxies Care About AGB Stars – A Continuing Challenge through Cosmic Time; 344: Dwarf Galaxies – From the Deep Universe to the Present; 345: Origins – From the Protosun to the First Steps of Life.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 7th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Aug 27-30, 31 — International Astronomical Union, Vienna, Austria: IAU Symposium 348: 21st Century Astrometry – Crossing the Dark and Habitable Frontiers; IAU Symposium 349: Under One Sky – The IAU Centenary Symposium; IAU Symposium 346: High-mass X-ray Binaries – Illuminating the Passage from Massive Binaries to Merging Compact Objects.

Aug 28-30 — American Geophysical Union, Vienna, Austria: 2018 IAU General Assembly for a Focus Meeting – celebrating the centennial of the discovery of asteroid families.

NET Sep — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-11 / ISS 57S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 58/59 to ISS, Nick Hague of NASA and 2 Cosmonauts.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 42nd year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

Sep 9-16 — Association of Space Explorers, Minsk, Belarus: 31st Planetary Congress of the ASE.

Sep 11-14 — International Venus Science Community, JAXA, Center for Planetary Science, Hokkaido, Japan: International Venus Conference 2018; covering all areas of Venus science with special focus on new results from JAXA Venus Climate Orbiter “Akatsuki”.

Sep 12-13 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Sep 17-19 — AIAA, Orlando FL: AIAA SPACE and Astronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA SPACE 2018); at Hyatt Regency New Orleans.

Sep 17-22 — ESA, Europlanet, EPSC Organizing Committee, Riga, Latvia: European Planetary Science Congress 2017.

Sep 23-28 — Les Houches Advanced School for Physics, Grenoble, France: Cloud Academy: Cloud Formation and Properties in Extrasolar Planets.

Sep 30 – Oct 2 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Barringer Crater / Winslow AZ: The First Billion Years Initiative – Bombardment: Shaping Planetary Surfaces and Their Environments Conference.

NET Oct — OSIRIS-REx, Asteroid 101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36) Surface: Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) mission expected to rendezvous with asteroid this month, take samples and return to Earth in 2023.

NET Oct — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-12 / ISS 58S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 59/60 to ISS, including Serena Auñón-Chancellor of NASA.

NET Oct — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-4 Lander & Rover, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): Lander / rover (originally back up for Chang’e-3 mission) to launch to far side of Moon, South Pole / Aitken basin with reconfigured / advanced instruments and experiment containing potato & Arabidopsis thaliana seeds, and silk worm eggs.

NET Oct — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / BepiColombo, Kourou, French Guiana: BepiColombo mission – European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) to launch today; craft expected to reach Mercury polar orbit 2025 to map planet, investigate magnetosphere.

NET Oct — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Proton / Nauka & European Robotic Arm, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Proton Rocket set to deliver Russia Multipurpose Laboratory Module Nauka “Science” with ERA to replace Russia Pirs module on ISS.

NET Oct — United Launch Services, Launch Atlas V / Solar Orbiter spacecraft, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: European Space Agency & NASA spacecraft to perform close-up study of Sun and inner heliosphere; projected 3-year journey to Sun; closest Solar distance to be 0.28 AU.

NET Oct — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 17, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 19th Dragon spacecraft on 17th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET Oct — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 71P (MS-10), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 71P resupply ship to ISS.

Oct 1-5 — International Astronautical Federation, ZARM Drop Tower Operation and Service Co., Bremen, Germany: 69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2018); multidisciplinary congress that covers all space sectors and topics.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2018; to celebrate international contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition; Oct 4 is 61st observation of 1st Space mission Sputnik One launched by Soviet Union 1957; Oct 10 is 51st observation of Outer Space Treaty going into effect 1967.

Oct 13 — The Astronomical League, Global: Fall Astronomy Day 2018; astronomical societies, planetariums, museums, observatories sponsoring public viewing sessions, presentations, workshops.

Oct 17 — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: Detecting some of the most energetic radiation in Space, ESA, NASA, Roscosmos spacecraft begins 17th year of operations in Space; launched 2002; expected to continue operations until early 2020s, run out of fuel and fall to Earth Feb 2029.

NET Nov InSight, Mars Surface: Potential date for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft to land on Mars surface and study deep interior; scheduled end of operations Nov 2020.

Nov 2 — International Space Station, LEO: Today marks beginning of 19th year of continuous Human occupation of ISS; first component launched Nov 20, 1998, occupation began Nov 2, 2000.

Nov 7-8 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Irvine CA: Space Studies Board Meeting.

NET Dec — KARI, Launch Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 / Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO), Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: South Korea to launch Orbiter to Moon; will operate at 100-km altitude for at least one year; to be followed by Moon lander & rover; may have 4 science instruments (15 kg & US$15M total) sponsored by NASA aboard to search for / quantify lunar resources for increasing effectiveness.

NET Dec — Boeing Company, TBD: Boeing CST-100 Starliner first crewed flight on Boe-OFT mission lasting 14 days; set to carry 1 NASA Astronaut & 1 Boeing test pilot to ISS this month.

NET Dec — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 18, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 20th Dragon spacecraft on 18th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET Dec InSight, Mars Surface: First scientific results expected this month.

Dec 10-14 — American Geophysical Union, Washington DC: 2018 Fall Meeting of AGU.

NET Dec 15 — Kepler, Heliocentric Orbit: Exoplanet hunter in K2 mission expected to run out of fuel near this date; launched 2009.

Dec 19 — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: ESA spacecraft reaches 5 years in orbit today; planned 5-year science collection period to map more than 1 billion stars ends May 2019; launched in 2013.

2019

NET 2019 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion Exploration Mission 1 (EM-1), Kennedy Space Center FL: The first test flight of NASA Space Launch System with uncrewed Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle and ESA-provided Service Module; to feature configuration for 70-metric-ton lift capacity; Orion spacecraft to perform circumlunar trajectory during 21-day mission; will carry 13 science experiments.

NET 2019 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz 2 / Luna-25, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Glob lander to launch to Boguslavsky crater near Moon South Pole.

NET 2019 — NASA, Launch Asteroid Retrieval and Utilization Mission spacecraft, TBD: Asteroid retrieval spacecraft to launch to 500,000-kg NEA to capture and relocate to Moon orbit.

NET 2019 — JAXA, Launch H-2A / SELENE-2, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: JAXA to launch Selenological and Engineering Explorer 2 (SELENE-2) 700-kg orbiter, 1,000-kg lander (with 200-kg of total payloads), 100-kg rover to Moon.

NET 2019 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Astrobotic Peregrine Lander & Multi-Payload, TBD: ULA to launch Astrobotic Peregrine Lander to attempt to reach Moon with 35 kilograms of customer payloads from commercial companies, international space agencies, customers.

NET 2019 — ISRO, Launch PSLV XL / Aditya-L1, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle to launch India Aditya-L1 spacecraft in 2019-2020 to Sun-Earth Lagrange Point L1 to study solar corona.

Jan 1 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Object 2014 MU69 Flyby: Craft expected to fly by KBO 2014 MU69 at 05:07 PDT (02:07 HST), distance of 3,500 km or closer; KBO is 4B miles (~ 6.437B km) from Earth; will be farthest spacecraft encounter ever performed.

Jan 6-10 — American Astronomical Society, Seattle WA: 233rd Meeting of the AAS; at Washington State Convention & Trade Center.

Jan 19 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Object Trajectory: Spacecraft begins 14th year in space today, launched Jan 19, 2006 – flew by Pluto July 2015; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 52nd Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2017 for further information.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 33rd Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2016 for more detail.

NET Feb — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-13 / ISS 59S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 60/61 to ISS.

NET Feb — JAXA, Launch H-2B / HTV-8, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: An uncrewed Japan H-2B rocket set to launch 8th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 8) to deliver supplies to ISS.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 16th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2016 for more detail.

Feb 5 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2019 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Pig.

NET Mar — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-14 / ISS 60S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 61/62 to ISS.

NET Mar — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / James Webb Space Telescope, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency, Canadian Space Agency and NASA infrared-optimized space telescope with 6.5-meter mirror to reside in orbit 1.5M km away from Earth; will search for 1st galaxies that formed in early Universe.

NET Mar — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 72P (MS-11), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 72P resupply ship to ISS.

Mar 3-5 — Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop, Starship Century, Tau Zero Foundation, TBD: 2019 Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop (TVIW).

Mar 26-28 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Apr 12 — 58th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 38th Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: As NASA working on next gen Space Launch System to send Humans to Moon, Mars and Beyond, commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2019; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 24 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft with 2.4 meter diameter main telescope begins 30th year in space today, launched Apr 24, 1990; expected to continue operations until at least 2022.

Apr 30 – May 1 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Washington DC: Space Studies Board Meeting.

NET May — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Gaia spacecraft 5-year scheduled mission ends this month; future plans to be decided.

NET May — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-15 / ISS 61S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 62/63 to ISS.

NET May — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 19, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 21st Dragon spacecraft on 19th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET May — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 73P (MS-12), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 73P resupply ship to ISS.

May 3 — International Space Day 2019, Worldwide: Events and presentations to promote STEM education and inspire people to continue the work of Space explorers; originally began as ‘National Space Day’ in 1997 by Lockheed Martin Corp.

Jun 16 — 56th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 18 — 36th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2019; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

Jul 4 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft reaches 3rd full year at Jupiter today, planned to continue operations at least until 2020 before controlled impact to ensure Juno does not impact Jovian moons Europa, Ganymede and Callisto; one-way transmission signal to Earth is 48 minutes.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 50th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another World taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 43rd Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

NET Aug — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 20, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 22nd Dragon spacecraft on 20th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 43rd year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 8th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

NET Sep — James Webb Space Telescope, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Full science operations to begin this month – continue through at least 5 years.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 43rd year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

Sep 11-12 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Oct — Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Cerro Pachón, Chile: Construction of LSST to be completed this month; team expects to achieve first light before the end of this year, begin science operations 2021.

NET Oct — Association of Space Explorers, Houston TX: 32nd Planetary Congress of the ASE.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2019; to celebrate international contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition; Oct 4 is 62nd observation of 1st Space mission Sputnik One launched by Soviet Union 1957; Oct 10 is 52nd observation of Outer Space Treaty going into effect 1967.

Oct 7-11 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Yellowstone National Park: The First Billion Years Initiative – Rise of Habitability: Habitability in the Early Solar System Conference.

Oct 17 — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: Detecting some of the most energetic radiation in Space, ESA, NASA, Roscosmos spacecraft begins 18th year of operations in Space; launched 2002; expected to continue operations until early 2020s, run out of fuel and fall to Earth Feb 2029.

Oct 14-18 — Association of Space Explorers, Houston TX: 32nd Planetary Congress of the ASE.

Nov 2 — International Space Station, LEO: Today marks beginning of 20th year of continuous Human occupation of ISS; first component launched Nov 20, 1998, occupation began Nov 2, 2000.

Nov 6-7 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Irvine CA: Space Studies Board Meeting.

Nov 11 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; 02:35 – 08:04 HST.

NET Dec — ExoMars 2016 Orbiter, Mars Orbit: End of scheduled ESA science mission at Mars, future science plans to be determined, will support ExoMars 2020 rover & lander mission starting Apr 2021 and operate until at least Dec 2022; entered Mars orbit Oct 2016, began science operations Dec 2017.

NET Dec — Hayabusa 2, Earth Trajectory: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to depart from C-type asteroid 162173 Ryugu this month; will return to Earth 2020 with asteroid samples.

Dec 9-13 — American Geophysical Union, San Francisco CA: 2019 Fall Meeting of AGU; at Moscone Center.

2020

NET 2020 — Golden Spike Company, Moon Landing: Possible date for GSC 1st Human Moon landing.

NET 2020 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Luna-26, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Resurs 0 (Luna-Resurs Orbiter) to launch to polar orbit for 1 year at 100-150 km altitude, 2 years at 500-700 km altitude; will provide communications relay capabilities for following South pole missions.

NET 2020 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Object Trajectory: Spacecraft planned mission ends this year after reaching Pluto, Charon and designated Kuiper Belt object(s); future trajectory / mission plans to be determined; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

NET 2020 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station laboratory module 1, TBD, China: Laboratory module 1 of China Space Station expected to launch to LEO this year / attach to core module Tianhe-1 (Heavenly River); second laboratory module to launch 2022.

NET 2020 — KARI, Launch Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 / Moon Lander & Rover, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: South Korea to launch Moon lander & rover to look for signs of rare minerals on Moon surface between 2020-2025.

NET 2020 — Moon Express, Launch Moon Sample Return Mission, TBD: Launch of spacecraft for Moon Sample Return Mission.

NET 2020 — ESA, Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch ExoMars 2020 Lander & Rover, TBD: ESA Carrier and Rover (“Mars Yard”), Roscosmos Descent Module and Surface Platform to be launched by Roscosmos launch system.

NET 2020 — Solar Orbiter spacecraft, Sun Orbit: Spacecraft expected to reach Sun orbit this year after 3 year journey; will perform close-up study of Sun and inner heliosphere; closest Solar approach to occur every 5 months at distance of 0.28 AU.

NET 2020 — Arianespace, Launch Soyuz / Euclid, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency spacecraft with 1.2-meter telescope, projected 6-year lifetime to launch to Sun-Earth Lagrange point L2; will measure accelerated expansion of Universe, aid in understanding of dark energy / dark matter.

NET 2020 — UAE Space Agency, Launch Hope Probe, TBD: UAE plans to launch Hope mission to Mars this year to study planet atmosphere, potentially with ISRO collaboration, in celebration of 50th observation of nation’s founding.

NET 2020 — Association of Space Explorers, Budapest, Hungary: 33rd Planetary Congress of the ASE.

NET Jan — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-6, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): CE-6 planned to land near edge of Shackleton crater at Moon South Pole; after collection of lunar samples craft will attempt to launch 8 April 2020 to return to Earth; may be last robotic mission before China Human Moon missions.

Jan 5-9 — American Astronomical Society, Honolulu HI: 235th Meeting of the AAS; at Hawaii Convention Center.

Jan 25 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2020 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Rat.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 53rd Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2017 for further detail.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 34th Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2016 for more detail.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 17th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2016 for more detail.

Mar 31 – Apr 2 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Apr 12 — 59th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 39th Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: Commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2020; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 24 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft with 2.4 meter diameter main telescope begins 31st year in space today, launched Apr 24, 1990; expected to continue operations until at least 2022.

Apr 28-29 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Washington DC: Space Studies Board Meeting.

NLT Jun — KARI, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute to test launch indigenous third-stage rocket.

Jun 16 — 57th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 18 — 37th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2020; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

NET Jul / Aug — ULA, Launch Atlas 5 / Mars Rover, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: NASA Mars robotic rover with 7 science instruments to launch in 2020 to explore planet / advance development of Human Mars missions projected for 2030s.

Jul 4 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft reaches 4th full year at Jupiter today, planned to continue operations at least until July 31 before controlled impact to ensure Juno does not impact Jovian moons Europa, Ganymede and Callisto; one-way transmission signal to Earth is 48 minutes.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 51st Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another World taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 44th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Jul 31 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Extended mission planned deorbit maneuver (lasting 132 hours / 5.5 days) and plunge into Jupiter to ensure no accidental impact of Europa, Ganymede, Callisto; one-way transmission signal to Earth is 48 minutes.

NET Aug — CNSA, Launch Mars Orbiter, Lander & Rover Mission, TBD, China: China expects to launch Orbiter, Lander & Rover mission this month to arrive at Mars low latitude area in northern hemisphere 7 months later; 200-kg rover to have 6 wheels and carry 13 payloads, lander payloads TBD; planning sample return mission in 2030.

Aug 4, 5 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Jupiter atmospheric impact, total distance traveled including orbits around Jupiter estimated at 22.66 AU (3.39B km).

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 44th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 9th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977; some science instruments to be turned off this year as power is running out, complete data transmission predicted to cease 2025.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 44th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

Sep 16-17 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Oct — ESA, Launch Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) & Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART), TBD: ESA, DLR, NASA, JHU/APL, the Observatoire de la Côte d´Azur (OCA) mission to launch to Didymos binary asteroids & arrive 2022; will consist of lander, orbiters, CubeSats, and impactor.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2020; to celebrate international contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition; Oct 4 is 63rd observation of 1st Space mission Sputnik One launched by Soviet Union 1957; Oct 10 is 53rd observation of Outer Space Treaty going into effect 1967.

Oct 17 — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: Detecting some of the most energetic radiation in Space, ESA, NASA, Roscosmos spacecraft begins 19th year of operations in Space; launched 2002, expected to run out of fuel early 2020s and fall to Earth Feb 2029.

NET NovInSight, Mars Surface: Scheduled end to Mars surface operations mission; future plans / goals to be determined.

Nov 4-5 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Irvine CA: Space Studies Board Meeting.

NET Dec — Hayabusa 2, Earth Surface: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to arrive at Earth with samples from C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” this month.

2021

NET 2021 — CNSA / Global Partnership, Launch Long March 9 / Human Moon Mission, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): Date 2021-2026 possibility for China / International partners to launch its first Human Moon mission.

NET 2021 — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3 / Crewed Mission, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk.3 expected to launch crewed mission this year.

NET 2021 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Luna-27, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Resurs 1 lander expected to launch to Moon South Pole to target frozen volatiles in sub surface; expected to carry ESA Lunar ice drill.

NET 2021 ExoMars 2020 Lander & Rover, Mars Surface: ESA Carrier and Rover (“Mars Yard”), Roscosmos Descent Module and Surface Platform to land on Mars surface; to be supported by ExoMars 2016 Orbiter communications relay.

NET 2021 — Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Cerro Pachón, Chile: LSST team expects to begin science operations this year.

NET 2021 — Mars World Enterprises Inc., Las Vegas NV: Hoping to open Mars World theme park by this date, created by John Spencer.

Jan 10-14 — American Astronomical Society, TBD: 237th Meeting of the AAS.

NET Feb Mars Rover, Mars Surface: NASA Mars robotic rover with 7 advanced science instruments to land on planet, search for evidence of past life, collect data for future human missions.

Feb 12 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2021 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Ox.

NET Mar — KARI, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute expects to have completed development of indigenous third-stage rocket.

Apr 12 — 60th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 40th Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: Commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2021; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 24 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft with 2.4 meter diameter main telescope begins 32nd year in space today, launched Apr 24, 1990; expected to continue operations until at least Jun 30.

Jun 16 — 58th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 18 — 38th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2021; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

NET Aug — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion EM-2, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: The 1st fully-crewed Orion Moon flight to last 10-14 days; will use J-2X powered upper stage.

Aug 16-27 — International Astronomical Union, Busan, S Korea: XXXI (31st) IAU General Assembly.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 45th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 10th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 45th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

2022

NET 2022 — Predicted Collision of 2 Stars (KIC 9832227), Constellation Cygnus: Scientists predict two stars, jointly named KIC 9832227, will merge & collide causing an increase in its brightness ten thousand fold, it would be visible to the naked eye; predicted date + / – one year.

NET 2022 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Veteran spacecraft with 2.4-meter mirror expected to continue operations until this year and perhaps beyond; launched April 24, 1990.

NET 2022 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station laboratory module 2, TBD, China: Final piece of China Space Station Laboratory module 2 to launch to LEO this year; station to orbit between 350 – 450 km, accommodate 3 crew members for 6 month stays, expected to operate until at least 2032.

NET 2022 — NASA, Launch Europa Clipper, TBD: NASA orbiter and lander to investigate Europa subsurface ocean, habitability & observe future landing sites; mission may include international collaboration, other craft.

NET 2022 — Mars One, Launch of Mars Rover & Communication Satellite, TBD: Commercial company plans to launch rover and trailer to help find best location for human settlement ~2031, clear areas for arrival of cargo; communications satellite to be placed in orbit.

NET 2022 — Thirty Meter Telescope Observatory Corp., Mauna Kea HI: Original planned date for TMT to begin scientific operations.

NET Jan — American Astronomical Society, National Harbor MD: 239th Meeting of the AAS; at Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center.

Feb 1 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2022 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Tiger.

Apr 12 — 61st Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 41st Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: Commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2022; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

NET Jun — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / JUICE, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency Jupiter Icy moons Explorer (JUICE) with 11 science instruments is expected to reach Jupiter in 2030, spend at least 3.5 years studying Jupiter atmosphere and magnetosphere, moons Ganymede, Europa, Callisto and Io.

Jun 16 — 59th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 18 — 39th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2022; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 46th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 11th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 46th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

NET Dec — ExoMars 2016 Orbiter, Mars Orbit: End of scheduled ESA orbiter mission at Mars, future extension / plans to be determined; entered Mars orbit Oct 2016, began science operations Dec 2017.

2023

NET 2023 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Human Asteroid Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Potential launch of Astronauts via Space Launch System to planned relocated 500,000-kg Asteroid orbiting Moon.

NET 2023 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Luna-28, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Resurs 2 expected to launch to Moon South Pole for return sample mission.

NET 2023 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Angara A5B / ACV, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Test flight of 6-person Advanced Crew Vehicle; will carry 500 kg of cargo and could travel to Moon.

NET 2023 — OSIRIS-REx, Asteroid 101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36): Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft scheduled to return to Earth with asteroid sample of at least 60 grams this year.

Jan 22 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2023 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Rabbit.

Apr 12 — 62nd Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 42nd Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: Commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2023; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 47th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 12th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 47th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

2024

NET 2024 — ISS, LEO: Standard funding of International Space Station ends this year; mission extension to at least 2028 is expected; future goals and scientific, engineering, utilization, education potential to be determined.

NET 2024 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion Human-Assisted Moon Sample Return Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Potential date for robotic sample return mission to Lunar surface with Human assistance from Asteroid in orbit around Moon.

NET 2024 — James Webb Space Telescope, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Planned end to 5-year primary mission; spacecraft expected to operate for at least another 5 years.

NET 2024 — ESA, Launch Soyuz / PLATO, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) mission to launch to Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point to find / study extrasolar planetary systems, seismic activity in stars for at least 6 years.

Feb 10 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2024 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Dragon.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 48th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 13th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 48th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

2025

NET 2025 — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3 / Human Moon Mission, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Potential date for India 1st Human mission to Moon surface via Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk.3.

NET 2025 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Angara-5V / Human Crew Mission, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: First crewed launch from new spaceport planned for this year.

NET 2025 — JAXA, Launch HRV (HTV Return Vehicle) / Human Mission, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: Japan plans to launch JAXA astronauts to space this year.

NET 2025 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Luna-29, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Resurs 3 Moon South Pole lander and rover mission goals / landing site TBD, will support future Human base.

NET 2025 — Voyager 1 & 2, Interstellar Space: The farthest spacecraft from Earth, NASA Voyagers communications / data return are expected to cease this year due to radioactive power sources becoming unable to provide enough electrical energy for critical subsystems; launched 1977.

NET 2025 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Venera-D, TBD: Roscosmos to launch Venera-D mission to Venus, consisting of orbiter and lander.

NET 2025 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Millimetron, TBD: Russia to launch space observatory with a diameter of 10 meters to Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point to study black holes, formation of stars, planets, galaxies.

NET Dec — BepiColombo, Mercury Orbit: European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) expected to reach Mercury and achieve polar orbit; will map planet, investigate magnetosphere.

2026

NET 2026 — Euclid, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Scheduled end of European Space Agency Euclid mission to measure accelerated expansion of Universe, aid in understanding of dark energy / dark matter; future plans to be determined.

NET Dec — BepiColombo, Mercury Orbit: European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) 1-year nominal mission ends this year; future plans / mission extension to be determined.

2027

NET 2027 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Human Moon Mission, TBD, Russia: Russia plans to launch Humans to Moon orbit this year, with lunar landing occurring within 2 years.

2028

NET 2028 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion Human Moon Surface Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: NASA planning to launch Astronauts to lunar surface, potentially in coordination with Asteroid Redirect mission.

2029

NET 2029 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Human Moon Mission, TBD, Russia: Russia plans to begin Human Moon surface missions within the year, work toward setting up Moon base.

NET Feb — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: ESA / NASA / Roscosmos INTEGRAL space telescope will burn up upon Earth atmosphere reentry this month due to natural orbit decay after running out of fuel reserves / end of science mission in early 2020s; launched Oct 2002.

Apr 13 — Asteroid 99942 Apophis, Earth Flyby: On this day, which happens to be a Friday, 320-meter diameter asteroid previously known as 2004 MN4 will narrowly miss Earth by about 30,000 km.

NET Jul — Chang’e-2, Deep Space: Spacecraft expected to come within 7M km of Earth this year after reaching 300M km apogee.

2030

NET 2030 — ESA, Moon Surface: Europe plans to build a Lunar Village by this date as a stepping stone to Mars and a successor to the International Space Station.

NET 2030 — NASA, Launch Human Mars Mission, TBD: Projected date / decade for NASA to send Humans to Mars.

NET 2030 — CNSA, Launch Mars Sample Return Mission, TBD, China: China expects to launch sample return mission to Mars by this date.

NET 2030 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Object Trajectory: Spacecraft expected to continue exploring Kuiper Belt until at least middle of this decade.

NET 2030 — PLATO, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: ESA PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) 6-year mission to find / study extrasolar planetary systems, seismic activity in stars ends this year; mission extension / plans to be determined.

NET Jan — JUICE, Jupiter Orbit: ESA Jupiter Icy moons Explorer (JUICE) expected to reach Jupiter early this year; will spend at least 3.5 years studying Jupiter atmosphere and magnetosphere, moons Ganymede, Europa, Callisto and Io.

2031

NET 2031 — People’s Republic of China, Launch Long March 9 / Human Moon Missions, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): Tentative dates 2031-2036 for China crewed spaceflight program (China Manned Space Agency) to launch its multiple Human Moon missions.

NET 2031 — ISEE-3 (International Sun-Earth Explorer-3), Heliocentric Orbit: Craft presumably in safe mode, traveling around Sun & predicted to return to vicinity of Earth this year – may be able to reestablish contact; craft launched August 12, 1978.

2032

Nov 12 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; starts Nov 12 at 20:41 HST, ends 01:07 Nov 13.

2033

NET 2033 — Government of the Republic of Turkey, Roketsan Inc., Ankara, Turkey: Turkey hopes to have space-launch capabilities and more than 20 operational satellites by this date.

2036

NET 2036 — CNSA, Launch Jupiter Spacecraft, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): China planning to launch first probe to Jupiter this year.

Apr 13 — Asteroid 99942 Apophis, Earth Flyby: Asteroid, 320 meters in diameter & previously known as 2004 MN4, will make 2nd pass by Earth missing by about 50M km.

2046

NET 2046 — CNSA, Launch Uranus Spacecraft, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): China planning to launch first mission to Uranus this year.

2060

2060 — EC2LIPSE, Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange Point: ISU project EC2LIPSE to explore climate change, create solar radiation management roadmap in Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange point.

2061

2061 — Halley’s Comet, Deep Space: Return of Halley’s Comet.

2078

NET 2078 — Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), LEO: Orbiting ultraviolet space telescope will burn up upon atmospheric reentry this year – 65 years after being decommissioned in 2013.

2084

Nov 10 — Transit of Earth, Moon, Phobos: As seen from the slopes of Elysium Mons on Mars, the Earth, the Moon and Mars moon Phobos to pass directly between Mars and Sun; observers see Moon(s) and Earth as small dots gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2117

NET 2117 — UAE Space Agency, Mars Surface: UAE plans to have city on Mars fit for habitation completed by this year, with first development starting in 2020 with launch of Hope satellite to study Mars atmosphere.

Dec 11 — Transit of Venus: Venus to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2125

Dec 8 — Transit of Venus: Venus to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2123

Jun 9 — Total Eclipse of Moon: Long-duration total lunar eclipse of 106.1 minutes.

2168

Jul 16 — Eclipse of Sun: Longest solar eclipse of the Century at 7 minutes 29 seconds; may be longest eclipse during 10,000 year period from 4000 BC to AD 6000.

2287

Aug 29 Earth and Mars: Planets reach record-breaking distance for opposition at ~55.69 million km, will appear extra bright in sky.

2391

May 11 Partial Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2600

May 5 Eclipse of Sun: First total solar eclipse visible in London since 2151.

2650

Sep 3 Earth / Mars Minimum Distance Reached: Distance between Earth & Mars reaches new minimum at 55,651,582.118 km on this date during perihelitic opposition.

2729

Sep 8 Earth / Mars Minimum Distance Reached: Distance between Earth & Mars reaches new minimum at 55,651,033.122 km on this date during perihelitic opposition.

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NET Jan — Gamma Cephei becomes ‘North Star’: Due to precession of the equinoxes, also known as axial precession or lunisolar precession, positions of stars slowly change in both equatorial coordinates & ecliptic longitude; this year Gamma Cephei will enter the North Star position.

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NET 40272 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: To come within 1.7 LY of Star AC+79 3888 in the constellation Ursa Minor (the Little Dipper).

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NET May — Laser Geodynamics Satellite 1 (LAGEOS-1), MEO: LAGEOS-1 laser ranging satellite mission, carrying plaque designed by Carl Sagan, predicted to reenter Earth atmosphere close to this date; launched May 4, 1976 to 5,900-km altitude orbit.

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~4 Billion Years — Milky Way and Andromeda Galaxy: Andromeda approaching MWG at 110 km/sec, these 2 largest galaxies in Local Group predicted to collide; although unlikely any Stars will collide, over a period of perhaps Millions of years the 2 central supermassive black holes predicted to converge near center of newly formed ‘Milkomeda’ Galaxy, simulations indicate Earth might be brought near center & ejected entirely out of galaxy.