Downrange

= All times for terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for international terrestrial events in local time unless noted.

= All times for space events, and…

= All times for international space / astro events in Hawaii Standard Time unless noted. Add 10 hours to obtain UT (‘Universal Time;’ Greenwich, England)

2017

NET Jul 31 — Rocket Lab, Launch Electron Rocket, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand: Second orbital test flight of Rocket Lab Electron from new site at Mahia Peninsula, carrying several commercial CubeSats.

Jul 31 — Chinese Academy of Sciences, General Office of Lunar and Deep Space Exploration – CAS, Beijing, China: Abstracts / registration due for Beijing International Forum on Lunar and Deep Space Exploration; being held Sep 19-22.

Jul 31 – Aug 2 — Space Telescope Science Institute, NASA, ESA, CSA, Baltimore MD: Meeting: Spectral Diagnostics to Explore the Cosmic Dawn with JWST.

Jul 31 – Aug 2 — Applied Technology Institute, Columbia MD: Rockets & Missiles Fundamentals; taught by Edward Keith, Launch Vehicle System Engineer.

Jul 31 – Aug 4 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Boston College, NASA, International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems, Chestnut Hill MA: UN/USA Workshop: Space Weather – The Decades after the International Heliophysical Year 2007.

Jul 31 – Aug 5 — National Astronomical Research Institute of Thailand, IAU, UNESCO, Institut d’optique (IOGS), Chiang Mai, Thailand: NARIT-Institut d’Optique Graduate School: Optical Design Summer School 2017.

Jul 31 – Aug 13 — Space Exploration Project Group of United Nations Program on Space Applications, Mars Society, ESA, European Space Foundation, Rzepiennik Biskupi, Poland: Poland Mars Analogue Simulation 2017; six volunteers to live in habitat for 2-week Moon / Mars Human exploration simulation.

NET Aug — ISRO, Launch PSLV-C39 / IRNSS 1H, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle on C39 mission to loft 8th spacecraft in Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System.

NET Aug 1 — CNSA, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): Chang’e-5 to be transferred to Hainan launch site this month to undergo multiple joint testing in preparation for launch in November; mission will attempt to collect up to 2 kg of lunar regolith near Mons Rumker Region 40.8° N, 58.1° W and transport back to Earth (Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia) within 1 month from launch.

Aug 1 — Arianespace, Launch Vega / Optsat 3000 & Venus, Kourou, French Guiana: Arianespace Vega rocket, designated VV10, to launch Optsat 3000 high-resolution reconnaissance satellite for Italy military, French-Israeli Venus environmental satellite to monitor vegetation health & test plasma thruster system, and 3 SAMSON nanosatellites for Technion to conduct autonomous cluster operations in orbit.

Aug 1-4 — National Science Foundation, Washington DC: 1st International Workshop on Small Satellites for Space Weather Research and Forecasting.

Aug 1-4 — São Paulo State University, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Workshop: Precision Spectroscopy – Towards Earth 2.0.

Aug 1-8 — Cooperative Programs for the Advancement of Earth System Science, Heliophysics Division of NASA Science Mission Directorate, Boulder CO: Heliophysics Summer School 2017: Long-term Solar Activity and the Climates of Space and Earth.

Aug 2-4 — Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), Kavli Foundation, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Berkeley CA: U.S. Radio/Millimeter/Submillimeter Science Futures III.

Aug 2-5 — Centre for Extragalactic Theory, South African Astronomical Observatory / University of the Western Cape, Kruger Park, South Africa: Workshop: The Circle of Life – Connecting the Intergalactic, Circumgalactic, and Interstellar Media; at Protea Hotel Kruger Gate.

Aug 3 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Atlas 5 / TDRS M, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: ULA Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-074, to launch TDRS M communications and data relay satellite for NASA; Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) connects mission control with ISS & other satellites; launch 08:40-09:20.

Aug 3 — Huntsville Alabama L5 Society (HAL5), Huntsville AL: Monthly Meeting featuring Lewis Wooten from NASA MSFC on Space Launch System: The Next Steps Toward the Giant Leap; at U.S. Space and Rocket Center Education Training Facility.

Aug 4 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Leroy Chiao, adult US$69.95.

Aug 4-13 — Petnica Summer Institute, Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Valjevo, Serbia: Summer School on Cosmology.

Aug 5 — Curiosity, Mars Surface: Curiosity (Mars Science Laboratory) rover begins 6th year of operations on Mars surface today; launched Nov 26, 2011 – landed Aug 5, 2012 (Pacific Daylight Time).

Aug 5 — Juno, Jupiter System: NASA spacecraft begins 7th year in Space today, launched in 2011; entered orbit around Jupiter Jul 4, 2016.

Aug 5-10 — Utah State University, AIAA, Logan UT: 2017 Small Satellite Conference; keynote Robert Cardillo, Director of National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.

Aug 5 – Sep 18 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, Houston TX: Campaign 4: Mission 2 – Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA 2017); 45 day analog spaceflight / Moon / Mars mission.

Aug 6 — Winans Investments, The W Foundation, Pacheco Plaza, The Wreyford Family Foundation, Novato CA: 2017 Novato Space Festival; featuring Astronauts Al Worden, Jerry Ross, Nicole Stott, Bruce Melnick, Dan Bursch, Yvonne Cagle; at the Space Station Museum, 10:00-16:00.

Aug 6-11 — Asia Oceania Geosciences Society, Singapore: 14th Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS); providing opportunity to exchange scientific knowledge and discuss important geo-scientific issues among academia, research institutions and public.

Aug 6-13 — Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan: Conference: Exploring the Energetic Universe 2017 (ECL17).

Aug 7 — Utah State University, Secure World Foundation, Logan UT: Cubesat Launch and Deployment Best Practices Side Event; 09:00-11:00, in conjunction with 2017 Small Satellite Conference.

Aug 7-9 — Icarus Interstellar, Monterey CA: Starship Congress 3; at Hyatt Regency Monterey Hotel.

Aug 7-9 — Florida Gulf Coast University, Center for Astronomy and Physics Education Research (CAPER), Fort Meyers FL: 2017 National Astronomy Teaching Summit.

Aug 7-11 — SSERVI, NASA, Caltech, Pasadena CA: 2017 Sagan Exoplanet Summer Workshop: Microlensing in the Era of WFIRST.

Aug 7-11 — National Solar Observatory, Boulder CO: National Solar Observatory Workshop #30: High-resolution Solar Physics – Past, Present, Future.

Aug 8-9 — Consortium for Aerospace Research and Innovation in Canada (CARIC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: 2017 CARIC National Research Forum.

Aug 8-10 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Woods Hole MA: Meeting: Review of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes; at J. Erik Jonsson Woods Hole Center.

Aug 8-10 — American Astronomical Society, Harvard University, Cambridge MA: Conference: From Chandra to Lynx – High-definition Vision Deeper into the Invisible Universe.

Aug 8-10 — European Astrobiology Campus, Erasmus, University of Tartu, University of Stockholm, Tartu, Estonia: The Early History of Planetary Systems and Habitable Planets.

Aug 8-11 — Keck Institute for Space Studies, Caltech, Pasadena CA: Workshop: Unlocking the Climate Record Stored within Mars’ Polar Layered Deposits.

Aug 9-11 — US Geological Survey, Flagstaff AZ: 8th Planetary Crater Consortium Meeting.

Aug 9-13 — World Science Fiction Society, Helsinki, Finland: 75th World Science Fiction Convention – Worldcon 75.

Aug 10 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 12, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 14th Dragon spacecraft on 12th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS; will carry Cold Atom Laboratory for study of ultra-cold quantum gases in microgravity.

Aug 11 — JAXA, Launch H-2A / Michibiki 3, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: JAXA H-2A rocket, designated H-2A F35, to launch Michibiki 3 navigation spacecraft, the 3rd craft in Quasi-Zenith Satellite System.

Aug 11 — Caltech, Pasadena CA: Stargazing Lecture: The Origin of the Universe and the Arrow of Time; Sean Carroll, 20:00.

Aug 12 — Wallops Flight Facility Visitor Center, NASA, Assateague Island National Seashore, Delmarva Space Sciences Foundation, Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge, Wallops Island VA: Astronomy & Night Sky Summer Series; in celebration of Perseid Meteor Shower.

Aug 12 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Brian Duffy, adult US$69.95.

Aug 13-15 — Singularity University, San Francisco CA: SU 2017 Global Summit; meet fellow changemakers while discovering the world’s breakthrough innovations in technology and business.

Aug 13-16 — Hong Kong Polytechnic University, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS), Hong Kong: 2017 International Symposium on Planetary Remote Sensing and Mapping.

Aug 14 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Atlas 5 / NROL-42, Vandenberg AFB CA: ULA Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-072, to launch classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office.

Aug 14-17 — Moonchild Theatre Company, London, United Kingdom: Pluto, The Play; written by Callum O’Brien, 19:00, £10.

Aug 14-18 — National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Japan: 10th Meeting on Cosmic Dust.

NET Aug 15 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / OTV-5, Vandenberg AFB CA: ULA SpaceX Falcon 9 to launch U.S. military X-37B spaceplane Orbital Test Vehicle on its fifth mission.

Aug 15 — Library of Congress Science, Technology and Business Division, Washington DC: Lecture: Venus—the Forgotten, Mysterious Planet; by Lori Glaze, NASA.

Aug 15-17 — Caltech, Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Lockheed Martin Corp., Pasadena CA: Low-Cost Planetary Missions Conference (LCPM-12); opportunity for scientists, technologists, engineers, project and agency managers to exchange information to enhance viability and science return of low-cost robotic missions.

Aug 15-18 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston TX: The First Billion Years Initiative – Accretion: Building New Worlds Conference.

Aug 16-19 — The Astronomical League, Casper WY: Astrocon 2017.

Aug 18 — `Imiloa Astronomy Center, University of Hawai`i – Hilo, Hilo HI: Mauna Kea Skies Talk; astronomers from Mauna Kea observatories speak about recent discoveries; this session features PISCES; 19:00 HST, US$8-10.

Aug 19 — Ad Astra Kansas Foundation, Space Age Publishing Company, Hutchinson KS: Galaxy Forum Kansas 2017: Cassini and the “Great American Eclipse”.

Aug 19-26 — Union of Radio Science, Montreal, Quebec, Canada: 32nd URSI General Assembly and Scientific Symposium.

NET Aug 20 — SpaceX, Iridium Communications, Launch Falcon 9 / Iridium Next 21-30, Vandenberg AFB CA: SpaceX to launch 10 Iridium Next satellites aboard Falcon 9.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 41st year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 20-24 — Boise State University, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Mississippi State University, et al, Boise ID: Conference: Exoclipse 2017 – Exploring New Worlds In the Shade.

Aug 20-24 — American Astronomical Society, Washington DC: Conference: Molecules in Space – Linking the Interstellar Medium to (Exo)planets.

Aug 21 — Total Solar Eclipse: Dubbed the “Great American Eclipse” it will be the first total eclipse visible only in USA since 1776, totality will last 2 minutes 40.2 seconds; hitting West Coast 08:46 Pacific time and traveling across USA to East Coast / South Carolina 13:13; next total solar eclipse across continental U.S. will be 2024.

Aug 21 — Wallops Flight Facility Visitor Center, NASA, Wallops Island VA: Total Solar Eclipse Viewing Event; 12:00-16:00, 81.5% partial eclipse visible from this site.

Aug 21-24 — The Australian National University, CAASTRO – ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics Canberra, Australia: Conference: From Black Hole to Environment – Galaxy Evolution Across Multiple Wavelengths.

Aug 21-25 — American Astronomical Society Solar Physics Division, Portland OR: 48th Meeting of the AAS Solar Physics Division.

Aug 22-24 — Applied Technology Institute, Littleton CO: Space Mission Structures; taught by Tom Sarafin is President and Chief Engineer of Instar Engineering and Consulting Inc.

Aug 23-25 — International Academy of Astronautics, Mongolian Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, MonMap Engineering Services, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: 1st IAA North East Asia Symposium on Small Satellites- Serving the Needs for the Benefits of the Region.

Aug 23-25 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Geneva, Switzerland: UN/WHO/Switzerland Conference on Strengthening Space Cooperation for Global Health.

Aug 24, 25 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA/Caltech, Pasadena CA: 2017 von Kármán Lecture Series: 40 Years in Space – Voyager’s Remarkable Journey Continues; Alan Cummings of Caltech.

Aug 24-27 — Bradley University, Caterpillar, Bechtel, Brick & Mortar Ventures, Edwards IL: NASA’s 3D-Printed Habitat Challenge.

Aug 24-27 — Explore Mars Inc., Waterville Opera House, Waterville ME: One Way Trip to Mars Rock Opera; written by Peter Alexander and Johannah Harkness, directed by Dennis St. Pierre.

Aug 25 — Spitzer Space Telescope, 1-AU Earth Trailing Orbit: In warm mission phase, spacecraft begins 15 years in space today, launched 2003.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 6th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Aug 25-26 — SpaceX, Launch Minotaur 4 / ORS 5, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Orbital ATK Minotaur 4 rocket to launch ORS 5 mission for U.S. military Operationally Responsive Space program; launch window 23:15 – 03:15.

Aug 25 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Online: Eugene M. Shoemaker Impact Cratering Award Proposals Due; US$2,500 award winner announced at annual GSA conference, Oct 22-25.

Aug 25-27 — International Space Elevator Consortium, Seattle WA: ISEC Space Elevator Conference 2017; featuring 3-day technical program, Robo Climb 2017 – A Youth Robotics Competition, 1-day Family Science Fest; at Museum of Flight.

Aug 26 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Flyby of Titan scheduled at 736,000-km altitude.

Aug 27 – Sep 1 — International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, International Association for the Physical Sciences of Oceans, Cape Town, South Africa: Conference: Good Hope for Earth Sciences.

Aug 27 – Sep 17 — Aspen Center for Physics, Aspen CO: Workshop: Vorticity in the Universe – From Superfluids to Weather and Climate, to the Universe; Workshop: Developing New Tools for Dark Matter Searches.

Aug 28-30 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Woods Hole MA: Meeting: Review of Progress Toward Implementing the Decadal Survey Vision and Voyages for Planetary Sciences.

Aug 28 – Sep 1 — Moore-Sloan Data Science Environments at University of California Berkeley, New York University, University of Washington, Seattle WA: Astro Hack Week 2017; summer school, unconference and hackathon.

Aug 28 – Sep 1 — INAF, Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, University of Florence, Florence, Italy: Conference: Unsolved Problems in Galaxy Formation.

Aug 29-30 — China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation (CASIC), Wuhan, Hubei, China: 3rd China (International) Commercial Space Forum.

Aug 29-31 — International Civil Aviation Organization, United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs, Vienna, Austria: ICAO/UNOOSA Aerospace Symposium (SPACE 2017).

Aug 30 — Van Allen Probes, LEO: Spacecraft begin 6th year in space today, launched 2012; adding to the understanding of Earth radiation belt environment and its variability.

Aug 30 – Sep 1 — Lund University, Lund, Sweden: Meeting: The Science of Gaia and Future Challenges.

Aug 30 – Sep 2 — UCLA, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia University, Lanzhou, China: Conference: Shedding Light on the Dark Universe with Extremely Large Telescopes.

Aug 31 – Sep 2 — Greece Ministry of Environment and Energy, Prince Sultan Bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water, Rhodes, Greece: International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology.

Aug 31 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Atlas 5 / NROL-52, Cape Canaveral AFS CA: ULA Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-075, to launch a classified spacecraft payload for U.S. National Reconnaissance Office.

Aug 31 – Sep 1 — University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands: Fundamentals of Life in the Universe Symposium.

NET Sep — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 2 / GSAT-6A, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk. 2 to launch GSAT 6A communications satellite.

NET Sep — SpaceX, Launch Falcon Heavy Demo, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX maiden falcon heavy to launch this quarter, rocket consists of standard Falcon 9 rocket core with two additional strap-on boosters (total of 27 Merlin engines).

Sep 1 — Juno, Jupiter System: NASA spacecraft 7th science flyby of Jupiter at 4,100-km altitude.

Sep 1 — European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany: New Director General of ESO, Xavier Barcons, to take office today as Tim de Zeeuw completes his mandate.

Sep 2 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: In 53-day orbital period, 8th close flyby (4,100 km) of Jupiter scheduled today.

Sep 2-5 — University of Cape Town, International Commission on the Middle Atmosphere (ICMA), Cape Town, South Africa: Training School on Stratosphere-Troposphere Interactions.

Sep 3-9 — University of Rome, University of Pisa, Viterbo, Italy: 7th Meeting on Celestial Mechanics.

Sep 4-8 — International Astronomical Union, Sardinia, Italy: IAU Symposium 336: Astrophysical Masers: Unlocking the Mysteries of the Universe.

Sep 4-8 — Italy National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Astronomical Observatory of Rome, Sicily, Italy: Meeting: The Amazing Life of Stars – From the Main Sequence to the Gravitational Wave Emission.

Sep 4-8 — ESA, University of California – Berkeley, Leiden, The Netherlands: Workshop: A Decade of the Star-Forming Main Sequence.

Sep 4-8 — European Meteorology Society, Dublin, Ireland: European Meteorology Society (EMS) Annual Meeting: European Conference for Applied Meteorology and Climatology 2017.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 41st year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

Sep 5-7 — ESA, University of Warwick, Warwick, United Kingdom: The PLATO Mission Conference 2017: Exoplanetary systems in the PLATO Era.

Sep 5-7 — German Aerospace Center (DLR), ESA, Torino, Italy: 22nd Workshop on Radiation Monitoring for the International Space Station.

Sep 6-19 — University of Evora, European Council for Nuclear Research (CERN), Evora, Portugal: 2017 European School of High-Energy Physics.

Sep 7 — Library of Congress Science, Technology and Business Division, Washington DC: Lecture: Cassini’s Grand Finale; by Conor Nixon, NASA.

Sep 7 — Huntsville Alabama L5 Society (HAL5), Huntsville AL: Monthly Meeting featuring Jessica Gaskin from NASA MSFC on Looking Beyond WFIRST – the Next Large X-Ray Mission – Lynx; at U.S. Space and Rocket Center Education Training Facility.

Sep 7-10 — Mars Society, Irvine CA: 20th Annual International Mars Society Convention; will feature World Premiere of New Mars Anthem “Rise to Mars”; at University of California.

Sep 8 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Brian Duffy, adult US$69.95.

Sep 11 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Last flyby of Titan scheduled at 84,000-km altitude.

Sep 11 — New Horizons, KBO 2014 MU69 Trajectory: Spacecraft to awaken from hibernation today for testing / check ins in preparation for KBO encounter Jan 1, 2019.

Sep 11 — Up Aerospace, Launch SpaceLoft XL / 8th Earth Rise Mission , Las Cruces NM: Up Aerospace to launch 8th suborbital Earth Rise mission (The Starseeker Flight) for Celestis Inc.

Sep 11-15 — Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing, China: Conference: Stellar Populations and the Distance Scale.

Sep 11-15 — Space Research Institute, IKI, Moscow, Russia: Conference: High-Energy Phenomena in Relativistic Outflows VI.

Sep 12 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-06 / ISS 52S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Expedition 53/54 members Mark Vande Hei and Joe Acaba of NASA and Alexander Misurkin of Roscosmos to launch to ISS.

Sep 12 — Orbital ATK, Launch Antares / OA-8, Wallops Island VA: Upgraded Antares rocket to launch 9th Cygnus cargo freighter on 8th operational flight to the ISS; will carry Asgardia 1st satellite to ISS for deployment.

Sep 12 — 55th Observation John F. Kennedy’s Moon Speech & 25th Observation 1st African-American Woman in Space, USA / Worldwide: As the World looks forward to the First Woman on the Moon and a Human Return to Moon, observations made today for 55th anniversary of Kennedy’s Moon speech (1962) and to celebrate the 25th anniversary of Astronaut Mae Jemison becoming first African-American Woman in Space (1992).

Sep 12-14 — AIAA, Orlando FL: AIAA SPACE and Astronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA SPACE 2017); at Hyatt Regency Orlando.

Sep 12-14 — City of Toronto, TechToronto, MaRS Discovery District, MoveTheDial, OneEleven, Cossette Communications, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: 2017 Elevate Toronto.

Sep 13-14 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Sep 13-14 — Wuerzburg University, International Academy of Astronautics, bavAIRia e.V., Unisec-Europe, Wurzburg, Germany: 10th Pico- and Nano-Satellite Workshop: Technologies for Small Satellite Research.

Sep 13-16 — International Max Planck Research School for Solar System Science, Gottingen, Germany: Conference: Rocks’n’Stars II conference.

Sep 14-15 — International Max Planck Research School for Solar System Science, Heidelberg, Germany: Workshop on Neutrino, Dark Matter and Beyond the Standard Model Physics (LAUNCH 17).

Sep 15 — ISS, Soyuz MS-04 Undocking, LEO: Expedition 51/52 members Fyodor Yurchikin of Roscosmos, Jack Fischer of NASA and Expedition 50/51/52 member Peggy Whitson of NASA to return to Earth.

Sep 15 — Cassini, Saturn Orbit: Projected date for end of Cassini-Huygens extended mission with controlled fall into Saturn atmosphere on orbit 293; flyby of Pandora scheduled at 86,000 km, Pan at 91,000 km, Epimetheus at 92,000 km, Janus 111,000 km.

Sep 15 — `Imiloa Astronomy Center, University of Hawai`i – Hilo, Hilo HI: Mauna Kea Skies Talk; astronomers from Mauna Kea observatories speak about recent discoveries; this session features Keck Observatory; 19:00 HST, US$8-10.

Sep 15-16 — OECT Organizing Committee, Tokyo University of Technology, Osaka University, Beijing, China: 2017 International Conference on Optics, Electronics and Communications Technology (OECT2017).

Sep 15-17 — Calgary Centre of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Starland, Alberta, Canada: 31st Alberta Star Party.

Sep 16-17 — Unique Conferences Canada, International Center for Research & Development, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: 6th International Conference on Climate Change Adaptation.

Sep 17-21 — Center for Fundamental Physics at Zewail City of Science and Technology, Hurghada, Egypt: Conference: Beyond Standard Model – From Theory To Experiment (BSM2017).

Sep 17-22 — European Planetary Science Congress, Aberystwyth University, INAF – IAPS, Riga, Latvia: European Planetary Science Congress 2017.

Sep 18-22 — Committee on Space Research, Jeju Island, South Korea: 3rd COSPAR Symposium: Small Satellites for Space Research.

Sep 18-22 — University of Göttingen, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Gottingen, Germany: The Many Scales of the Universe: Galaxies, their Suns, and their Planets.

Sep 18-22 — Green Bank Observatory, National Science Foundation, Green Bank WV: Green Bank Observatory’s Observer training school; an introduction to general radio astronomical techniques as well as onsite training for GBT observers.

Sep 19-20 — Capacity Conferences, Juniper Networks, Myanmar Net, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar: Myanmar Connect 2017.

Sep 19-22 — Chinese Academy of Sciences, General Office of Lunar and Deep Space Exploration – CAS, Beijing, China: 3rd Beijing International Forum on Lunar and Deep Space Exploration; focusing on frontiers of lunar & planetary sciences, new technologies of payloads in planetary exploration (including Moon, Mars, asteroids, comets, other planets), and scientific vision of planetary exploration in future missions

Sep 21 — MAVEN, Mars Orbit: Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft begins 4th year of operations in Mars orbit; continuing to study upper atmosphere; launched Nov 18, 2013.

Sep 21 — United Launch Alliance, Launch Delta 2 / Joint Polar Satellite System-1 spacecraft, Vandenberg AFB CA: Launch of Joint Polar Satellite System-1 (JPSS-1) spacecraft, developed by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center for NOAA, aboard Delta 2 rocket.

Sep 21, 22 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: 2017 von Kármán Lecture Series: Volcano Bot; Carolyn Parcheta.

Sep 22 — Muslim New Year 1439 AH, Worldwide: Islamic New Year 1 Muharram (1st day) to begin at sunset; if young New Moon is not visible the beginning of the month and year may be delayed.

Sep 22-24 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, IAF, Adelaide, Australia: UN/IAF Workshop on Space Technology for Socio-Economic Benefits.

Sep 24 — Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan), Mars Orbit: India ISRO orbiter begins 4th year of operations in Mars orbit; launched Nov 5, 2013.

Sep 24-28 — University of Warsaw, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Kazimierz Dolny, Poland: 4th Conference of the Polish Society on Relativity.

Sep 25-27 — German Research Foundation (DFG), Jena, Germany: Conference: Planet Formation and Evolution 2017.

Sep 25-29 — International Astronautical Federation, Space Industry Association of Australia, IAA, IISL, Lockheed Martin Corp, et al, Adelaide, Australia: 68th International Astronomical Congress 2017 (IAC 2017); multidisciplinary congress that covers all space sectors and topics.

Sep 25-29 — European Geosciences Union, European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST), Life Origins, Sao Miquel, Azores, Portugal: EGU Galileo Conference: Geoscience for Understanding Habitability in the Solar System and Beyond.

Sep 25-29 — ESA, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Leiden, The Netherlands: Workshop: Space Weather – A Multi-Disciplinary Approach.

Sep 25-29 — Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO, Narrabri, Australia: CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science Radio School 2017; at Australia Telescope Compact Array.

Sep 27-29 — IEEE, University of Alcala, Madrid, Spain: International Conference on Space Mission Challenges for Information Technology (SMC-IT).

Sep 27-29 — LAPAN (Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space), Medan, Indonesia: International Seminar Aerospace and Science Technology 2017.

Sep 28 — Astrosat, 65-km Near Equatorial LEO: ISRO first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory begins 3rd year in space today.

Sep 29 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Leroy Chiao, adult US$69.95.

Sep 30 — The Astronomical League, Global: Fall Astronomy Day 2017; astronomical societies, planetariums, museums, observatories sponsoring public viewing sessions, presentations, workshops.

NET Q4 — TBA, Celestis, Launch Heritage Flight, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Launch cremated remains to Earth Orbit for customers of Celestis Inc. hosted aboard OTB (Orbital Test Bed) satellite built by Surrey Satellite Technology.

NET Oct — Boeing Company, TBD: Boeing CST-100 Starliner to undergo pad abort test this month.

Oct 1-5 — International Moonbase Alliance LLC, Kamuela HI: International Moonbase Summit; at Mauna Lani Hotel and Bungalows.

Oct 2 — United Launch Alliance, Decatur AL: ULA rocket plant tour; in conjunction with TVIW 2017 symposium.

Oct 2-3 — SatNews, Boeing, SSL, Society of Satellite Professionals International, Silicon Valley CA: Satellite Innovation Symposium.

Oct 2-6 — University Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Vienna, Austria: 5th Intersessional Meeting of the Working Group on the Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities.

Oct 2-6 — USRA, LPI, NASA, Flagstaff AZ: 4th International Conference on Early Mars: Geologic, Hydrologic, and Climatic Evolution and the Implications for Life.

Oct 2-6 — University of Malta, University of Central Lancashire, University of Wisconsin – Madison, Valletta, Malta: Conference: The Role of Gas in Galaxy Dynamics.

Oct 2-6 — International Astronomical Union, Ruder Boskovic Institute – Croatia, University of Zagreb – Croatia, University of Groningen – Netherlands, Dubrovnik, Croatia: IAU Symposium 333: Peering Towards Cosmic Dawn.

Oct 3-5 — Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA), National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Kyoto, Japan: ALMA Long Baseline Workshop.

Oct 4-6 — Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop, Huntsville AL: 2017 Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop (TVIW).

Oct 4-6 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, NYC NY: United Nations Expert Meeting on Space for Women.

Oct 4-7 — ESA, NASA, CSA, Space Telescope Science Institute, Madrid, Spain: Workshop: Planning your JWST observations – [Get Set]; at European Space Astronomy Center (ESAC).

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2017; to celebrate international contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition; Oct 4 is 60th observation of 1st Space mission Sputnik One launched by Soviet Union 1957; Oct 10 is 50th observation of Outer Space Treaty going into effect 1967.

Oct 5 — European Southern Observatory (ESO), Garching, Germany: ESO celebrates its 55th observation since creation in 1962, Created in 1962; ESO provides astronomers with state-of-the-art research facilities and access to the southern sky.

Oct 5 — William Herschel Society, British Interplanetary Society South West Branch, Bath, United Kingdom: Skylark – Britain’s First Space Rocket; by Robin Brand at Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution.

Oct 5-7 — Space Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (IKI RAS), Moscow, Russia: Venera-D Venus Modelling Workshop.

Oct 6 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Brian Duffy, adult US$69.95.

Oct 7 — British Interplanetary Society, Worcester, United Kingdom: Space Day 2017.

Oct 9-12 — American Astronomical Society, Caltech, Pasadena CA: Conference: Know Thy Star – Know Thy Planet – Assessing the Felevance of Ground-based High Resolution Imaging and Spectroscopy of Exoplanet Host Stars.

Oct 9-13 — Russia Space Research Institute – IKI, Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), Moscow, Russia: 8th Moscow Solar System Symposium; focusing on Moon, Mars and Venus research and missions Mars Express, Venus Express, Luna-Glob, Luna-Resource, ExoMars 2016, ExoMars 2020.

Oct 10 — United Nations Outer Space Treaty (OST) 50th Observation, Worldwide: OST framework to address legal questions for capabilities and activities in Space entered into force by United Nations General Assembly on this day in 1967; evolving / unfolding regulations include commercial space activities, private space stations, habitats on Moon, asteroid mining, contamination of celestial bodies.

Oct 10 — British Interplanetary Society, London, United Kingdom: Symposium: 50 Years of the UN Space Treaty – Looking Back, Looking Forward.

Oct 10-12 — Lunar Exploration Analysis Group, Greenbelt MD: Annual Meeting of LEAG: Activities Enabled by Getting to the Lunar Surface.

Oct 11-12 — ISPCS, New Mexico Space Grant Consortium, Las Cruces NM: International Symposium for Personal and Commercial Spaceflight 2017 (ISPCS 2017): Go For Purpose.

Oct 12 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 68P (MS-07), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 68P resupply ship to ISS.

Oct 12-13 — Lunar Exploration Analysis Group, Columbia MD: Back to the Moon Workshop; bringing together stakeholders from industry, commerce, government, and academia to explore making a lunar return with humans an affordable reality in the near future.

Oct 13 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; Meeting: Science of Primitive Asteroid Sample Return Missions.

Oct 13 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Rick Hieb, adult US$69.95.

Oct 14 — Ad Astra Kansas Foundation, Kansas Children’s Discovery Center, Jones Huyett Partners, Topeka KS: 2017 Topeka Science & Tech Festival and Ad Astra Space Celebration; at Washburn University.

Oct 15-20 — American Astronomical Society, Provo UT: Division for Planetary Sciences; at Utah Valley Convention Center.

Oct 15-20 — Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, ESA, Toulouse, France: 7th International Fermi Symposium.

Oct 16-18 — Space Telescope Science Institute, NASA, ESA, CSA, Baltimore MD: Meeting: Observing Protoplanetary and Debris Disks with James Webb Space Telescope.

Oct 16-20 — Association of Space Explorers, Toulouse, France: 30th Planetary Congress of the ASE.

Oct 16-20 — Green Bank Observatory, National Science Foundation, Green Bank WV: Transformative Science for the Next Decades with the Green Bank Observatory Big Questions, Large Programs, and New Instruments.

Oct 16-21 — Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, State Research Center on Space Hydrometeorology (Planeta), Roscosmos, Vladivostok, Russia: 8th Asia/Oceania Meteorological Satellite Users’ Conference.

Oct 17 — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: Detecting some of the most energetic radiation in Space, ESA, NASA, Roscosmos spacecraft begins 16th year of operations in Space; launched 2002; expected to continue operations until early 2020s, run out of fuel and fall to Earth Feb 2029.

Oct 17 — Library of Congress Science, Technology and Business Division, Washington DC: Lecture: The Star That Ate Manhattan Could Guide Humanity Beyond the Solar System; by Zaven Arzoumanian, NASA.

Oct 17-18 — Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Commercial Space Transportation, Washington DC: FAA COMSTAC Meeting.

Oct 17-19 — Canadian Space Commerce Association, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: 2017 Canadian SmallSat Symposium; expecting ~250 people from industry, government, university, investment community.

Oct 19-20 — World Meteorological Organization, Stockholm University, ESA, European Environmental Agency, Rome, Italy: 4th World Conference on Climate Change.

Oct 19, 20 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: 2017 von Kármán Lecture Series: Sink or Swim? Using Radar to Protect California’s Water Supply; Cathleen Jones, Signals Analysis Engineer from JPL.

Oct 20 — `Imiloa Astronomy Center, University of Hawai`i – Hilo, Hilo HI: Mauna Kea Skies Talk; astronomers from Mauna Kea observatories speak about recent discoveries; this session features University of Hawaii at Hilo; 19:00 HST, US$8-10.

Oct 20 — Caltech, Pasadena CA: Cosmic Fireworks; Mansi Kasliwal, 20:00.

Oct 21 – Dec 4 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, Houston TX: Campaign 4: Mission 3 – Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA 2017); 45 day analog spaceflight / Moon / Mars mission.

Oct 22-25 — Geological Society of America, Seattle WA: Geological Society of America (GSA) Annual Meeting.

Oct 23 — Chang’e-5T1Service Module, Lunar Orbit: China module collecting data on Lunar surface for future Moon missions reaches 3 full years in Space today, launched 2014.

Oct 23-27 — Mexico Institute of Astronomy (UNAM), Puebla, Mexico: Conference: The Cosmic Feast of the Elements.

Oct 23-27 — ESA, NASA, Leiden, The Netherlands: Workshop: Physical Characterization of Galaxies with a View for JWST – The Unique Value of Rest-Frame UV Spectroscopy.

Oct 24 — Mars Odyssey, Mars Orbit: NASA spacecraft begins 17th year in orbit around Mars today, holds record for longest-surviving continually active spacecraft in orbit around a planet other than Earth; launched 2001.

Oct 24-25 — University of Texas at Austin Department of Astronomy, McDonald Observatory, Austin TX: Frank N. Bash Symposium 2017: New Horizons in Astronomy.

Oct 24-26 — American Astronautical Society, Huntsville AL: 10th Wernher von Braun Memorial Symposium (2017).

Oct 24-26 — DLR, OHB, Airbus Defence & Space, Bremen Invest, ESA, NASA Tech Briefs, et al, Bremen, Germany: Space Tech Expo Europe 2017.

Oct 24-27 — RISpace, British Interplanetary Society, Glasgow, United Kingdom: 15th Reinventing Space Conference; at Strathclyde University Technology & Innovation Centre.

Oct 25 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: In 53-day orbital period, 9th close flyby (4,100 km) of Jupiter scheduled today.

Oct 25 — National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Associated Universities Inc., Charlottesville VA: 2017 Jansky Lecturer: Dr. Bernard Fanaroff speaks on Observing the Universe from Africa: Linking Radio Astronomy and Development.

Oct 25-26 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Washington DC: 14th Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Plenary Meeting.

Oct 26 — STEREO (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory) A & B, Heliocentric Orbit: NASA craft imaging Sun and solar phenomena enter 12th year in space today.

Oct 27 — National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Associated Universities Inc., Green Bank WV: 2017 Jansky Lecturer: Dr. Bernard Fanaroff speaks on Observing the Universe from Africa: Linking Radio Astronomy and Development.

Oct 27 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Jerry Ross, adult US$69.95.

Oct 28 — International Observe the Moon Night Organization, Global: International Observe the Moon Night 2017; encouraging observation, appreciation, understanding of the Moon and its connection to planetary science & exploration; 1st quarter Moon is considered the best time to observe the Moon due to shallow angle of sunlight hitting surface and illuminating details.

Oct 30 – Nov 2 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Samara University, Samara, Russia: UN/Russian Federation Workshop on Capacity-Building in Space Science and Technology for Sustainable Social and Economic Development.

Oct 31 — Dark Matter Day 2017, Global: On and around this date local events planned by institutions and individuals will engage the public in discussions about dark matter, and present & planned experiments that seek to solve its mysteries.

Oct 31 – Nov 1 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston TX: Second Hands-on Training in Handling and Manipulation of Small Extraterrestrial Samples.

NET Nov — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-5, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): CE-5 to collect up to 2 kg of lunar regolith over 2-day period near Mons Rumker Region 40.8° N, 58.1° W and transport back to Earth (Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia) within 1 month from launch; is precursor to CE-6 sample return mission and human missions.

NET Nov — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Proton / Nauka & European Robotic Arm, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Proton Rocket set to deliver Russia Multipurpose Laboratory Module Nauka “Science” with ERA to replace Russia Pirs module on ISS.

NET Nov — IAU Commission F.3 (Astrobiology), Coyhaique, Chile: Astrobiology 2017; fostering interdisciplinary collaborations for advancement of Astrobiology with researchers from astrophysics, chemistry, biology, geology, humanities, sociology.

Nov 1 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 13, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 15th Dragon spacecraft on 13th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

Nov 1 — Canadian Space Commerce Association, Euroconsult, MDA, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: 2nd Annual Canadian Space Policy Symposium 2017.

Nov 1-2 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Irvine CA: Space Studies Board Meeting.

Nov 1-3 — Canadian Science Policy Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: 9th Canadian Science Policy Conference 2017.

Nov 2 — International Space Station, LEO: Today marks beginning of 18th year of continuous Human occupation of ISS; first component launched Nov 20, 1998, occupation began Nov 2, 2000.

Nov 2 — Library of Congress Science, Technology and Business Division, Washington DC: Lecture: To Explore Strange New Worlds…NASA’s Small Steps and Giant Leaps in Understanding Worlds Beyond; Padi Boyd, NASA.

Nov 3 — National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Associated Universities Inc., Socorro NM: 2017 Jansky Lecturer: Dr. Bernard Fanaroff speaks on Observing the Universe from Africa: Linking Radio Astronomy and Development.

Nov 3 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, John-David Bartoe, adult US$69.95.

Nov 6-9 — UNOOSA, Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre, Dubai, United Arab Emirates: United Nations/United Arab Emirates – High Level Forum: Space as a Driver for Socio-Economic Sustainable Development.

Nov 6-10 — Lorentz Center, Leiden, The Netherlands: Workshop: The Physics of Quenching Massive Galaxies at High Redshift.

Nov 7 — British Interplanetary Society, International Space Elevator Consortium, London, United Kingdom: BIS Symposium on Space Elevators.

Nov 7-9 — Caltech, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena CA: SPICE Domestic Training Class for 2017; SPICE is an ancillary information system providing scientists & engineers access to spacecraft orbit, attitude & information needed to determine observation geometry used in planning and analyzing space science observations.

Nov 7-9 — SMi Group, SES, Airbus, London, United Kingdom: 19th Global MilSatCom Conference & Agenda.

Nov 7-10 — Thirty Meter Telescope, Mysore, India: Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) Science Forum: Beyond First Light; to plan for future TMT science programs.

Nov 7-10 — Square Kilometre Array South Africa, Cape Town, Africa: Astroinformatics 2017 Meeting.

Nov 8-9 — EMEA Satellite Operators Association, Satellite Interference Reduction Group (IRG),Satellite Evolution Group, SatNews, Istanbul, Turkey: 3rd Global SatShow.

Nov 9-10 — Secure World Foundation, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington DC: Space Crisis Dynamics and Uncertainty.

Nov 10 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, John-David Bartoe, adult US$69.95.

Nov 10-11 — New Worlds, Deep Space Industries, GHG Corp., PixelPromenade, Heinlein Prize Trust, Austin TX: New Worlds 2017 Conference; at Renaissance Austin Hotel.

Nov 12-18 — French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), Cargese, France: 13th School of Cosmology: The CMB from A to Z.

Nov 13-15 — International Academy of Astronautics, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Department – University of Florida, Orlando FL: 1st IAA Conference on Space Situational Awareness (ICSSA).

Nov 13-15 — Space Telescope Science Institute, NASA, ESA, CSA, Baltimore MD: Meeting: Planning Solar System Observations with JWST.

Nov 13-17 — Nexus for Exoplanet System Science (NExSS), NASA, Laramie WY: Habitable Worlds 2017: A System Science Workshop.

Nov 13-17 — International Astronomical Union, University of Cape Town, South African Astronomical Observatory, Stellenbosch, South Africa: IAU Symposium 339: Southern Horizons in Time-Domain Astronomy.

Nov 14-16 — ESA, DLR, CNES, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: 5th Human Dependability Workshop (HUDEP 2017): Towards Human Centered Design in the Whole System Life Cycle.

Nov 14-17 — ISRO, JAXA, of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, Bengaluru, India: Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF-24).

NET Nov 15 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-07 / ISS 53S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Expedition 54/55 members Scott Tingle of NASA, Norishige Kanai of JAXA and Alexander Skvortsov of NASA to launch to ISS.

Nov 16-17 — The Ministry of the Economy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, ESA, Space Frontier Foundation, Luxembourg City: NewSpace Europe: New Frontiers of Opportunity; featuring Johann-Dietrich Wörner – ESA, Jochen Harms – OHB Venture Capital, Pete Worden – Breakthrough Prize Foundation.

Nov 16-17 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: Lecture: Mars 2020 Lecture or There and Back Again.

Nov 17 — `Imiloa Astronomy Center, University of Hawai`i – Hilo, Hilo HI: Mauna Kea Skies Talk; astronomers from Mauna Kea observatories speak about recent discoveries; this session features UKIRT; 19:00 HST, US$8-10.

Nov 17 — Caltech, Pasadena CA: Cosmic Lenses: Bending Light with Gravity; Denise Schmitz, 19:00.

Nov 20 — Swift, LEO: Observing gamma-ray bursts & their afterglows in gamma-ray, X-ray, ultraviolet, optical wavelengths from LEO, craft begins 14th year of operations today, launched in 2004.

Nov 20-22 — UNOOSA, Italian Space Agency (ASI), Vienna, Austria: United Nations / Italy Workshop on the Open Universe Initiative.

Nov 26 – Dec 1 — International Astronomical Union, Coyhaique, Chile: Astrobiology 2017: Research Meeting by IAU’s Commission F3.

Nov 27-30 — International Academy of Astronautics, Shenzhen, China: 21st IAA Humans in Space Symposium; at Shenzhen Convention & Exhibition Center.

Nov 27 – Dec 1 — ESA, Belgian Solar-Terrestrial Centre of Excellence, Space Weather Working Team, Brussels, Belgium: 14th European Space Weather Week.

Nov 27 – Dec 1 — Knowledge4Innovation, Ostend, Belgium: 9th European Innovation Summit.

Nov 29 – Dec 1 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Galaxy Forum: Wenchang, Hainan Island, China: ILOA Galaxy Forum China 2017 Hainan: International Human Moon Missions.

Nov 26 – Dec 2 — Caltech, NRAO, ALMA, Pasadena CA: Symposium: The Origin of Galaxies, Stars, and Planets in the Era of ALMA.

NET Dec — ExoMars 2016 Orbiter, Mars Orbit: Science operations to begin this month after entering orbit 14 months ago – ESA science mission to continue until at least Dec 2019, will also support data relay operations for NASA landers on Mars; in 2021 expected to support communications for ExoMars 2020 rover & lander, and operate until Dec 2022.

NET Dec — Orbital ATK, Launch Antares / OA-9, Wallops Island VA: Upgraded Antares rocket to launch 10th Cygnus cargo freighter on 9th operational flight to the ISS.

NET Dec — Blue Origin, KSC FL: Construction of company’s new facility at Exploration Park, KSC to be completed this month; site will be used for orbital rocket development, testing, launch.

Dec 1 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Tom Jones, adult US$69.95.

Dec 2 — Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), LEO: ESA / NASA craft studying sun, begins 23rd year of operations today, launched 1995; has discovered more than 3,000 comets.

Dec 3 — Hayabusa 2, Asteroid 162173 Ryugu Trajectory: JAXA Hayabusa 2 begins 4th full year in space today, launched Dec 3, 2014; expected to reach asteroid June / July 2018.

Dec 4-7 — International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), Group of Astrodynamics for the Use of Space Systems (GAUSS), Rome, Italy: 4th IAA Conference on University Satellite Missions and CubeSat Workshop.

Dec 4-8 — ESA, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: 51st ESLAB Symposium: Extreme Habitable Worlds; focusing on extreme habitability on Earth, Solar System and throughout the Universe.

Dec 5-7 — SpaceCom, Houston TX: Space Commerce Conference and Exposition (SpaceCom 2017); with more than 250 NASA executives, at George R. Brown Convention Center.

Dec 7 — Akatsuki, Venus Orbit: JAXA first successful planetary orbiter imaging Venus atmosphere, monitoring weather changes begins 3rd year at Venus today.

Dec 8 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; Meeting: Dynamic Coupling in the Terrestrial Atmosphere; Meeting: The link Between AGN and Galaxy Formation.

Dec 8 — Caltech, Pasadena CA: Brown Dwarfs: Too Small a Star, Too Massive a Planet; Kaew Tinyanont, 19:00.

Dec 8 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Ken Cameron, adult US$69.95.

Dec 10 — XMM-Newton, Very Eccentric Elliptical LEO: ESA craft studying X-ray emissions, star-forming regions, galaxy clusters, environment of supermassive black holes, mapping dark matter, begins 19th year in space today, launched 1999.

Dec 11-14 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), Matieland, South Africa: United Nations/South Africa Symposium on Basic Space Technology.

Dec 11-15 — American Geophysical Union, New Orleans LA: 2017 Fall Meeting of AGU.

Dec 11-15 — National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Playa del Carmen, Mexico: Conference: Deciphering the Violent Universe.

Dec 11-15 — University of Groningen, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, European Research Council, Bariloche, Argentina: Conference: Distant Galaxies from the Far South.

Dec 13 — 45th Observation of Last Human to Walk on Moon (Apollo 17), Worldwide: As 2018 approaches, commercial enterprises are looking to land craft on Moon surface and international countries plan Human Moon missions, observations of Apollo 17 and Astronaut Gene Cernan (Last Man on Moon) take place today.

Dec 13-15 — ESA, Space Telescope Science Institute, NASA, CSA, Noordwijk, Netherlands: Meeting: Planning Solar System Observations with JWST.

Dec 14 — Chang’e-3 Lander, Guang Han Gong, Sinus Iridum / Mare Imbrium, 44.12°N 19.51°W, Moon Surface: Spacecraft begins 5th year on Moon; landed 2013.

Dec 14 — NEOWISE, LEO: NASA Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) spacecraft (redubbed Near-Earth Object WISE – NEOWISE) begins 9th year in Space; launched 2009.

Dec 14, 15 — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Pasadena CA: 2017 von Kármán Lecture Series: Weight Watching from Space – Tracking Earth’s Water Cycle with GRACE Follow-On; Felix Landerer, research scientist JPL.

NET Dec 15 — Rocket Lab, Moon Express, Launch Electron Rocket / MX-1 Lander, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand: Launch of Moon Express lunar spacecraft to advance Moon exploration and commercial development, attempt to win US$20M Google Lunar XPRIZE; craft to carry ILO-X Moon telescope, Celestis Luna-02 missions for cremated remains.

Dec 15 — `Imiloa Astronomy Center, University of Hawai`i – Hilo, Hilo HI: Mauna Kea Skies Talk; astronomers from Mauna Kea observatories speak about recent discoveries; this session features Thirty Meter Telescope; 19:00 HST, US$8-10.

Dec 17Juno, Jupiter Orbit: In 53-day orbital period, 9th close flyby (4,100 km) of Jupiter scheduled today.

Dec 18-20 — Next-Generation Suborbital Researchers, SwRI, Commercial Spaceflight Federation, Broomfield CO: Next-generation Suborbital Researchers Conference 2017; at Omni Interlocken Resort.

Dec 19 — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: ESA spacecraft reaches 4 years in orbit today; 5-year planned mission aims to map more than 1 billion stars; launched in 2013.

Dec 22 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Brian Duffy, adult US$69.95.

Dec 25 — Mars Express, Mars Orbit: ESA spacecraft begins 15th year in orbit today; will continue to study Mars atmosphere & climate, planet structure, mineralogy, geology, and to search for traces of water.

Dec 28 — ISRO, Launch PSLV / Team Indus, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: ISRO Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle to loft GLXP Team Indus craft to Earth orbit 880 km x 70,000 km; craft will attempt to soft land in Mare Imbrium on 26 Jan 2018, deploy rover & travel 500 meters for Google Lunar XPRIZE; also carrying Japan Team Hakuto two small rovers.

Dec 29 — Space Center Houston, Houston TX: Lunch with an Astronaut, Jerry Ross, adult US$69.95.

Dec 31 — XPRIZE Foundation, Santa Monica CA: Google Lunar XPRIZE closing date; grand prize of US$20M.

2018

NET 2018 — International Lunar Observatory Association, Moon Express Inc., Canadensys Aerospace Corp., Launch ILO-1, TBD: Launch of ILOA multifunctional observatory to Moon South Pole; will conduct radio astronomy, scientific & commercial communications, serve as catalyst for lunar base build-out.

NET 2018 — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 2 / Chandrayaan-2, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India 2nd robotic Moon Mission expected to launch orbiter, and lander / rover for polar mission; plans for Chandrayaan 3 and 4 are underway.

NET 2018 — SpaceX, Part Time Scientists, Launch Falcon 9 / ALINA Lander & Audi Lunar Quattro rovers, TBD: Germany Part Time Scientists team planning SpaceX launch send Autonomous Landing and Navigation Module (ALINA) lander and 2 Audi Lunar Quattro rovers to Moon near Apollo 17 site; also carrying lunar plant growth experiment and a copy of the Wikipedia online encyclopedia.

NET 2018 — Bigelow Aerospace LLC, TBD: Launch Alpha Station to LEO, a commercial space station consisting of 2 BA-330 modules and 110 cubic meters of space.

NET 2018 — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Tianhe-1, TBD, China: China Space Station experimental core module Tianhe-1 (“Heavenly River” / Milky Way) expected to launch on new heavy lift Long March 5 rocket to LEO this year (orbit between 350 – 450 km), followed by launch of laboratory modules in 2020 and 2022.

NET 2018 — Canadian Space Agency, Launch RADARSAT Constellation, TBD: CSA RADARSAT Constellation Mission with 3 satellites will provide complete coverage of Canada vast land mass and oceans.

NET H1 2018— SpaceX, Launch Falcon Heavy / LightSail, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX to launch LightSail solar sail mission for Planetary Society.

NET Jan — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3 – D2, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk. 3 with lift off mass of more than 640 ton, set to launch second demonstration orbital flight with TBD payload.

NET Jan — Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS), 2,500-meter Elevation, Mauna Loa HI: HI-SEAS 6 six-member ‘Lavanaut’ crew to begin 8-month space mission simulation.

Jan 4-7 — National Radio Science Meeting, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society, U.S. National Committee, International Union of Radio Science (URSI), Boulder CO: National Radio Science Meeting (NRSM).

Jan 5 — Inspiration Mars Foundation, Launch Humans for Mars Flyby, USA: Planning to send 1 woman and 1 man on 501-day round trip to come within 161 km of Mars.

Jan 7-13 — University of Alaska Fairbanks, Geophysical Institute, Applied Physics Laboratory, Peking University, Kona HI: Conference: Fundamental Physical Processes in Solar-Terrestrial Research and Their Relevance to Planetary Physics 2018.

Jan 8-12 — American Astronomical Society, Washington DC: 231st Meeting of the AAS; at Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center.

Jan 8-12 — AIAA, Orlando FL: 2018 AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition (SciTech 2018); AIAA Spacecraft Structures Conference; Space Flight Mechanics Meeting; at Gaylord Palms Resort and Convention Center.

Jan 15-19 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: The Growth of Galaxies in the Early Universe – IV.

Jan 16-19 — Keck Institute for Space Studies, Caltech, Pasadena CA: Workshop: The Architecture of LISA Science Analysis – Imagining the Future.

Jan 19 — New Horizons, KBO 2014 MU69 Trajectory: Spacecraft begins 13th year in space today, launched Jan 19, 2006 – flew by Pluto July 2015; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

Jan 21-26 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Chemical and Dynamical Evolution of Galaxies.

Jan 23-24 — National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Space Studies Board of US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Guangzhou, China: 7th Forum for New Leaders in Space Science; to provide opportunities for select group of young scientists to discuss their research activities.

Jan 25 — Opportunity, Mars Surface: Rover begins 15th year on Mars; holds “off-world” record for having driven the greatest distance; launched 2003, landed 2004.

Jan 26 — GLXP Team Indus Moon Landing, Mare Imbrium, Moon Surface: India Team Indus craft planned to attempt soft landing on Moon surface, deploy rover & travel 500 meters to win Google Lunar XPRIZE; also carrying Japan Team Hakuto two small rovers.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 51st Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2017 for further detail.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 32nd Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2016 for more detail.

NET Feb — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 14, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 16th Dragon spacecraft on 14th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET Feb — JAXA, Launch H-2B / HTV-7, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: An uncrewed Japan H-2B rocket set to launch 7th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 7) to deliver supplies to ISS.

NET Feb — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 69P (MS-08), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 69P resupply ship to ISS.

Feb 1 — SpaceX, Launch Falcon / Dragon V2 (Crew Dragon) Demo 1, KSC FL: SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft uncrewed test flight to launch to ISS for NASA commercial crew program.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 15th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2016 for more detail.

Feb 3 – Mar 19 — Johnson Space Center, NASA, Houston TX: Campaign 4: Mission 4 – Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA 2017); 45 day analog spaceflight / Moon / Mars mission.

Feb 5-9 — Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (AMOS), American Meteorological Society (AMS), Sydney, Australia: AMOS / AMS Joint Annual Meeting.

Feb 9 — Royal Astronomical Society, London, United Kingdom: Royal Astronomical Society Ordinary Meeting; From the Outer to the Inner Solar System – The Origin and Evolution of Comets; The Epoch of Reionisation – UK Community Update.

Feb 15 — Orbital ATK, Launch Antares / OA-10, Wallops Island VA: Upgraded Antares rocket to launch 11th Cygnus cargo freighter on 10th operational flight to the ISS.

Feb 16 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2018 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Dog.

Feb 17 — Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), LEO: Three satellites in magnetosphere (two in Moon orbit – now called ARTEMIS) begin 12th year in space today; launched 2007.

Feb 18Juno, Jupiter Orbit: In 53-day orbital period, 10th close flyby (4,100 km) of Jupiter scheduled today.

Feb 20 — Juno, Jupiter System: Originally planned end of mission; spacecraft to perform deorbit maneuver (lasting 132 hours / 5.5 days) and plunge into Jupiter to ensure no accidental impact of Europa, Ganymede, Callisto.

Feb 25, 26 — Juno, Jupiter System: Originally planned date Jupiter atmospheric impact, total distance traveled including orbits around Jupiter estimated at 22.66 AU (3.39B km).

Feb 25 – Mar 2 — Rencontres du Vietnam, Quy Nhon, Vietnam: 2nd Rencontres du Vietnam on Exoplanetary Science.

Feb 25 – Mar 2 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Exploring Star Formation in the Remote Universe.

Feb 26-28 — Danish Ministry for Science and Higher Education, ESO, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), ESA, Copenhagen, Denmark: Big Science Business Forum 2018 (BSBF2018).

Feb 26 – Mar 2 — Basic Sciences Development Program (PEDEClBA), La Plata, Argentina: 9th Planetary Science Workshop.

Feb 27 – Mar 1 — Canaveral Council of Technical Societies, NASA Kennedy Space Center, Space Florida, Economic Development Commission of Florida Space Coast., Cape Canaveral FL: 45th Space Congress: The Journey: Future Exploration for Universal Opportunities.

NET Mar — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-08 / ISS 54S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 55/56 to ISS, Ricky Arnold and Andrew Feustel of NASA.

NET Mar — ISRO, Launch GSLV / Mars Orbiter Mission-2, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: India 2nd Mars mission may be launched this month (based on relative positions of Earth and Mars) with advanced science instruments to “ideal” Mars orbit of 200 km x 2,000 km.

NET Mar — ISRO, Launch PSLV CA / Cartosat 3, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle to launch sixth satellite of ISRO Cartosat series, the current generation of Indian remote sensing satellites.

NET Mar — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), TBD: Launch of TESS to perform all-sky survey to discover transiting exoplanets in habitable zones around nearest and brightest stars in sky via SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.

NET Mar — KARI, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute expects to have completed development of indigenous second-stage rocket.

Mar 2-12 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Galaxy Interactions and Mergers Across Cosmic Time.

Mar 3 — International Space Exploration Forum, Tokyo, Japan: 2nd International Space Exploration Forum; international representatives to advance shared objectives for Human exploration of space.

Mar 5-9 — ESO, Santiago, Chile: Workshop: Diversis Mundi – The Solar System in an Exoplanetary Context.

Mar 6 — Dawn, Main Asteroid Belt: Spacecraft begins 4th year at Ceres today; launched Sep 2007 and arrived March 2015 after orbiting Vesta in 2011.

Mar 7 — Kepler, Heliocentric Orbit: Craft searching for exoplanets begins 10th year in space today; operating in K2 extension mission after two reaction wheels failed altering original mission goals; launched 2009.

Mar 10 — Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Orbit: NASA spacecraft begins 13th year in Mars orbit today, continues to study seasonal changes on planet circling at 300-km near-polar orbit; launched Aug 12, 2005, entered orbit Mar 10, 2006.

Mar 11-16 — Sexten Center for Astrophysics, Sexten, Italy: Conference: Galaxy Interactions and Mergers Across Cosmic Time.

Mar 27-29 — International Astronautical Federation, Paris, France: IAF Spring Meetings 2018; at the CAP Convention Center.

Mar 27-29 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Apr — JAXA, Launch Epsilon / Smart Lander for Investigating Moon (SLIM), Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: SLIM Moon mission planning to launch this fiscal year (Apr 2018 – Apr 2019); will test technologies for future lunar missions, including SELENE-2 and Human Missions.

NET Apr — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 15, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 17th Dragon spacecraft on 15th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET Apr — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 70P (MS-09), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 70P resupply ship to ISS.

Apr 2-6 — UCLA, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia University, Los Angeles CA: Conference: Shedding Light on the Dark Universe with Extremely Large Telescopes.

Apr 9-12 — American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Aerospace Division, Cleveland OH: Earth and Space 2018: 16th Biennial ASCE International Conference on Engineering, Science, Construction and Operations in Challenging Environments; short course and conference.

Apr 12Juno, Jupiter Orbit: In 53-day orbital period, 11th close flyby (4,100 km) of Jupiter scheduled today.

Apr 12 — 57th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 37th Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: As NASA works on next gen Space Launch System to send Humans to Moon, Mars and Beyond, commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2018; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 21 — The Astronomical League, Global: Spring Astronomy Day 2018; astronomical societies, planetariums, museums, observatories sponsoring public viewing sessions, presentations, workshops.

Apr 23-27 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, San Gabriel Valley CA: The First Billion Years Initiative – Differentiation: Building the Internal Architecture of Planets Conference.

Apr 24 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft with 2.4 meter diameter main telescope begins 29th year in space today, launched Apr 24, 1990; expected to continue operations until at least 2022.

Apr 24-26 — NASA Planetary Data System Geosciences, McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, St. Louis MO: Conference: Planetary Science Informatics and Data Analytics.

NET May — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-09 / ISS 55S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 56/57 to ISS, Jeanette Epps of NASA (to become first African-American space station member).

NET May — Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech/NASA, Launch InSight / Mars Cube One 1 & 2, TBD: Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) Mars lander to launch to Mars, study deep interior; expected to arrive Nov 2016; end of operations planned for Nov 2020.

NET May – Jun — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-4 Orbiter, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): Orbiter for Chang’e-4 communications relay to launch to Earth-Moon Lagrange Point L2 this period to support upcoming lander / rover mission launching NET October to Moon South Pole / Aitken basin with reconfigured / advanced instruments; will carry DSLWP-A1 and A2 microsatellites (50x50x40 cm3, mass of ~45 kg) intended for 200 x 9,000 km lunar orbit for low frequency radio astronomical observation.

May 1-2 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Washington DC: Space Studies Board Meeting.

May 1-3 — NASA, Columbia MD: Meeting: Mercury – Current and Future Science of the Innermost Planet.

May 4 — International Space Day 2018, Worldwide: Events and presentations to promote STEM education and inspire people to continue the work of Space explorers; originally began as ‘National Space Day’ in 1997 by Lockheed Martin Corp.

May 5-13 — Friends of Amateur Rocketry, Mars Society, Edwards Air Force Base CA: FAR-MARS Student Rocketry Teams Competition; team whose bi-propellant liquid-fueled rocket comes closest to reaching 13,716 meters will receive $50,000; team that comes closest to hitting same altitude with rocket-powered by liquid-methane and liquid-oxygen will receive $50,000.

May 13-18 — MPIA, Tegernsee, Germany: Meeting: The Early Phase of Star Formation (EPoS 2018): Archetypes; at Ringberg Castle.

May 14 – Jun 8 — Munich Institute for Astro- and Particle Physics, Munich, Germany: Workshop: Near-Earth Objects – Properties, Detection, Resources, Impacts and Defending Earth.

NET May 15 — Akatsuki, Venus Orbit: JAXA first successful planetary orbiter imaging Venus atmosphere, monitoring weather changes reaches end of planned 2-year science mission at Venus, future mission goals TBD.

NET Jun — Hayabusa 2, Asteroid 162173 Ryugu Orbit: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to arrive at C-type asteroid 162173 Ryugu within this month or next; will study for about 1.5 years, make artificial crater, sample asteroid, and return to Earth 2020.

NET Jun — SpaceX, Launch Falcon / Dragon V2 (Crew Dragon) Demo 2, KSC FL: SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft crewed test flight to launch to ISS for NASA commercial crew program.

NET Jun — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-10 / ISS 56S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 57/58 to ISS.

NET Jun — Boeing Company, TBD: Boeing CST-100 Starliner first unpiloted demonstration flight lasting 30 days expected this month.

NET Jun — International Space University, ESA, Netherlands Space Office, Delft University of Technology, Leiden University, Noordwijk, The Netherlands: ISU 31st Space Studies Program (SSP 2018).

Jun 3-7 — American Astronomical Society, Denver CO: 232nd Meeting of the AAS; at Sheraton Denver Downtown.

Jun 3-8 — Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), Honolulu HI: Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS) 15th Annual Meeting.

Jun 4Juno, Jupiter Orbit: In 53-day orbital period, 12th close flyby (4,100 km) of Jupiter scheduled today; last planned flyby before future mission plans / possible extension given.

Jun 16 — 55th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 16-21 — Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, Geological Association of Canada, Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada: Conference: Resources for Future Generations 2018.

Jun 18 — 35th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 18-29 — United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPOUS), Vienna, Austria: UNISPACE+50; first UN Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE) was held 1968.

Jun 25-29 — AIAA, Atlanta GA: AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA AVIATION 2018); at Hyatt Regency Atlanta.

Jun 26-30 — European Astronomical Society (EAS), Czech Astronomical Society (CzAS), Czech Academy of Sciences, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic: European Week of Astronomy and Space Science (EWASS 2017).

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2018; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

Jul 2-6 — University of Cambridge, Cambridge Exoplanet Research Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom: Exploplanets II Conference.

Jul 4 — Juno, Jupiter Orbit: Spacecraft reaches 2nd full year at Jupiter today, planned to continue operations at least until 2019 before controlled impact to ensure Juno does not impact Jovian moons Europa, Ganymede and Callisto; one-way transmission signal to Earth is 48 minutes.

Jul 10-12 — AIAA, Cincinnati OH: AIAA Propulsion and Energy Forum and Exposition (AIAA Propulsion and Energy 2018).

Jul 12-13 — National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Space Studies Board of US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Pasadena CA: 8th Forum for New Leaders in Space Science; to provide opportunities for select group of young scientists to discuss their research activities.

Jul 14-22 — Committee on Space Research, Pasadena CA: 42nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 49th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another World taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 42nd Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

Jul 27 Earth and Mars: Planets at ~57.6 million km will appear extra bright in sky during opposition.

Jul 29 – Aug 3 — Boston University, MIT, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Cambridge / Boston MA: Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun (COOL STARS 20).

NET Aug — United Launch Alliance, Boeing Company, Launch Atlas 5 / Boeing CST-100 Starliner, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Boeing CST-100 Starliner expected to perform first test with crew via ULA Atlas 5 launch.

NET Aug — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 16, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 18th Dragon spacecraft on 16th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 42nd year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 20-31 — International Astronomical Union, University of Vienna, Austrian Society for Astronomy and Astrophysics (ÖGA2), Vienna, Austria: XXX (30th) IAU General Assembly; at Austria Center Vienna.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 7th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Aug 27-30 — AIAA, New Orleans LA: AIAA SPACE and Astronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA SPACE 2018); at Hyatt Regency New Orleans.

Aug 28-30 — American Geophysical Union, Vienna, Austria: 2018 IAU General Assembly for a Focus Meeting – celebrating the centennial of the discovery of asteroid families.

NET Sep — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-11 / ISS 57S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 58/59 to ISS, Nick Hague of NASA and 2 Cosmonauts.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 42nd year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

Sep 12-13 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Sep 17-22 — ESA, Europlanet, EPSC Organizing Committee, Riga, Latvia: European Planetary Science Congress 2017.

Sep 30 – Oct 2 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Barringer Crater / Winslow AZ: The First Billion Years Initiative – Bombardment: Shaping Planetary Surfaces and Their Environments Conference.

NET Oct — OSIRIS-REx, Asteroid 101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36) Surface: Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) mission expected to rendezvous with asteroid this month, take samples and return to Earth in 2023.

NET Oct — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-12 / ISS 58S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 59/60 to ISS, including Serena Auñón-Chancellor of NASA.

NET Oct — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-4 Lander & Rover, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): Lander / rover (originally back up for Chang’e-3 mission) to launch to far side of Moon, South Pole / Aitken basin with reconfigured / advanced instruments and experiment containing potato & Arabidopsis thaliana seeds, and silk worm eggs.

NET Oct — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / BepiColombo, Kourou, French Guiana: BepiColombo mission – European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) to launch today; craft expected to reach Mercury polar orbit 2025 to map planet, investigate magnetosphere.

NET Oct — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / James Webb Space Telescope, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency, Canadian Space Agency and NASA infrared-optimized space telescope with 6.5-meter mirror to reside in orbit 1.5M km away from Earth; will search for 1st galaxies that formed in early Universe.

NET Oct — United Launch Services, Launch Atlas V / Solar Orbiter spacecraft, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: European Space Agency & NASA spacecraft to perform close-up study of Sun and inner heliosphere; projected 3-year journey to Sun; closest Solar distance to be 0.28 AU.

NET Oct — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 17, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 19th Dragon spacecraft on 17th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET Oct — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 71P (MS-10), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 71P resupply ship to ISS.

Oct 1-5 — International Astronautical Federation, ZARM Drop Tower Operation and Service Co., Bremen, Germany: 69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2018); multidisciplinary congress that covers all space sectors and topics.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2018; to celebrate international contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition; Oct 4 is 61st observation of 1st Space mission Sputnik One launched by Soviet Union 1957; Oct 10 is 51st observation of Outer Space Treaty going into effect 1967.

Oct 13 — The Astronomical League, Global: Fall Astronomy Day 2018; astronomical societies, planetariums, museums, observatories sponsoring public viewing sessions, presentations, workshops.

Oct 17 — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: Detecting some of the most energetic radiation in Space, ESA, NASA, Roscosmos spacecraft begins 17th year of operations in Space; launched 2002; expected to continue operations until early 2020s, run out of fuel and fall to Earth Feb 2029.

NET Nov InSight, Mars Surface: Potential date for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft to land on Mars surface and study deep interior; scheduled end of operations Nov 2020.

Nov 2 — International Space Station, LEO: Today marks beginning of 19th year of continuous Human occupation of ISS; first component launched Nov 20, 1998, occupation began Nov 2, 2000.

Nov 7-8 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Irvine CA: Space Studies Board Meeting.

NET Dec — KARI, Launch Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 / Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO), Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: South Korea to launch Orbiter to Moon; will operate at 100-km altitude for at least one year; to be followed by Moon lander & rover; may have 4 science instruments (15 kg & US$15M total) sponsored by NASA aboard to search for / quantify lunar resources for increasing effectiveness.

NET Dec — Boeing Company, TBD: Boeing CST-100 Starliner first crewed flight on Boe-OFT mission lasting 14 days; set to carry 1 NASA Astronaut & 1 Boeing test pilot to ISS this month.

NET Dec — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 18, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 20th Dragon spacecraft on 18th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET Dec InSight, Mars Surface: First scientific results expected this month.

Dec 10-14 — American Geophysical Union, Washington DC: 2018 Fall Meeting of AGU.

NET Dec 15 — Kepler, Heliocentric Orbit: Exoplanet hunter in K2 mission expected to run out of fuel near this date; launched 2009.

Dec 19 — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: ESA spacecraft reaches 5 years in orbit today; planned 5-year science collection period to map more than 1 billion stars ends May 2019; launched in 2013.

2019

NET 2019 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion Exploration Mission 1 (EM-1), Kennedy Space Center FL: The first test flight of NASA Space Launch System with uncrewed Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle and ESA-provided Service Module; to feature configuration for 70-metric-ton lift capacity; Orion spacecraft to perform circumlunar trajectory during 21-day mission; will carry 13 science experiments.

NET 2019 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz 2 / Luna-25, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Glob lander to launch to Boguslavsky crater near Moon South Pole.

NET 2019 — NASA, Launch Asteroid Retrieval and Utilization Mission spacecraft, TBD: Asteroid retrieval spacecraft to launch to 500,000-kg NEA to capture and relocate to Moon orbit.

NET 2019 — JAXA, Launch H-2A / SELENE-2, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: JAXA to launch Selenological and Engineering Explorer 2 (SELENE-2) 700-kg orbiter, 1,000-kg lander (with 200-kg of total payloads), 100-kg rover to Moon.

NET 2019 — Astrobotic Technology Inc., Launch Astrobotic Peregrine Lander & Multi-Payload, TBD: Astrobotic Peregrine Lander to attempt to reach Moon with multiple payloads from commercial companies, international space agencies, customers.

NET 2019 — ISRO, Launch PSLV XL / Aditya-L1, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle to launch India Aditya-L1 spacecraft in 2019-2020 to Sun-Earth Lagrange Point L1 to study solar corona.

Jan 1 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Object 2014 MU69 Flyby: Craft expected to fly by 20-40 km wide KBO 2014 MU69 at 05:07 PDT (02:07 HST), distance of 12,500 km or closer, and extended mission opportunity to observe ~20 other KBOs.

Jan 6-10 — American Astronomical Society, Seattle WA: 233rd Meeting of the AAS; at Washington State Convention & Trade Center.

Jan 19 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Object Trajectory: Spacecraft begins 14th year in space today, launched Jan 19, 2006 – flew by Pluto July 2015; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 52nd Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2017 for further information.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 33rd Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2016 for more detail.

NET Feb — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-13 / ISS 59S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 60/61 to ISS.

NET Feb — JAXA, Launch H-2B / HTV-8, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: An uncrewed Japan H-2B rocket set to launch 8th H-2 transfer vehicle (Kounotori 8) to deliver supplies to ISS.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 16th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2016 for more detail.

Feb 5 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2019 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Pig.

NET Mar — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-14 / ISS 60S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 61/62 to ISS.

NET Mar — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 72P (MS-11), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 72P resupply ship to ISS.

Mar 3-5 — Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop, Starship Century, Tau Zero Foundation, TBD: 2019 Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop (TVIW).

Mar 26-28 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Apr — James Webb Space Telescope, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Full science operations to begin this month – continue through at least 5 years.

Apr 12 — 58th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 38th Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: As NASA working on next gen Space Launch System to send Humans to Moon, Mars and Beyond, commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2019; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 24 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft with 2.4 meter diameter main telescope begins 30th year in space today, launched Apr 24, 1990; expected to continue operations until at least 2022.

Apr 30 – May 1 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Washington DC: Space Studies Board Meeting.

NET May — Gaia, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Gaia spacecraft 5-year scheduled mission ends this month; future plans to be decided.

NET May — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz MS-15 / ISS 61S, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: An RSA Soyuz rocket set to launch members of Expedition 62/63 to ISS.

NET May — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 19, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 21st Dragon spacecraft on 19th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

NET May — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Soyuz / Progress 73P (MS-12), Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Russia Soyuz rocket to launch Progress 73P resupply ship to ISS.

May 3 — International Space Day 2019, Worldwide: Events and presentations to promote STEM education and inspire people to continue the work of Space explorers; originally began as ‘National Space Day’ in 1997 by Lockheed Martin Corp.

Jun 16 — 56th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 18 — 36th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2019; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 50th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another World taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 43rd Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

NET Aug — SpaceX, Launch Falcon 9 / CRS 20, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket set to launch 22nd Dragon spacecraft on 20th operational cargo delivery mission to ISS.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 43rd year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 8th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 43rd year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

Sep 11-12 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Oct — Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Cerro Pachón, Chile: Construction of LSST to be completed this month; team expects to achieve first light before the end of this year, begin science operations 2021.

NET Oct — Association of Space Explorers, Houston TX: 32nd Planetary Congress of the ASE.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2019; to celebrate international contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition; Oct 4 is 62nd observation of 1st Space mission Sputnik One launched by Soviet Union 1957; Oct 10 is 52nd observation of Outer Space Treaty going into effect 1967.

Oct 7-11 — Lunar and Planetary Institute, Yellowstone National Park: The First Billion Years Initiative – Rise of Habitability: Habitability in the Early Solar System Conference.

Oct 17 — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: Detecting some of the most energetic radiation in Space, ESA, NASA, Roscosmos spacecraft begins 18th year of operations in Space; launched 2002; expected to continue operations until early 2020s, run out of fuel and fall to Earth Feb 2029.

Nov 2 — International Space Station, LEO: Today marks beginning of 20th year of continuous Human occupation of ISS; first component launched Nov 20, 1998, occupation began Nov 2, 2000.

Nov 6-7 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Irvine CA: Space Studies Board Meeting.

Nov 11 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; 02:35 – 08:04 HST.

NET Dec — ExoMars 2016 Orbiter, Mars Orbit: End of scheduled ESA science mission at Mars, future science plans to be determined, will support ExoMars 2020 rover & lander mission starting Apr 2021 and operate until at least Dec 2022; entered Mars orbit Oct 2016, began science operations Dec 2017.

NET Dec — Hayabusa 2, Earth Trajectory: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to depart from C-type asteroid 162173 Ryugu this month; will return to Earth 2020 with asteroid samples.

Dec 9-13 — American Geophysical Union, San Francisco CA: 2019 Fall Meeting of AGU; at Moscone Center.

2020

NLT 2020 — CNSA, Launch Long March 5 / Chang’e-6, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): CE-6 planned to land on Moon surface and perform sample return mission; may be last robotic mission before China Human Moon missions.

NET 2020 — Golden Spike Company, Moon Landing: Possible date for GSC 1st Human Moon landing.

NET 2020 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Luna-26, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Resurs 0 (Luna-Resurs Orbiter) to launch to polar orbit for 1 year at 100-150 km altitude, 2 years at 500-700 km altitude; will provide communications relay capabilities for following South pole missions.

NET 2020 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Object Trajectory: Spacecraft planned mission ends this year after reaching Pluto, Charon and designated Kuiper Belt object(s); future trajectory / mission plans to be determined; expected to operate until at least mid-2030s.

NET 2020 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station laboratory module 1, TBD, China: Laboratory module 1 of China Space Station expected to launch to LEO this year / attach to core module Tianhe-1 (Heavenly River); second laboratory module to launch 2022.

NET 2020 — KARI, Launch Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 / Moon Lander & Rover, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: South Korea to launch Moon lander & rover to look for signs of rare minerals on Moon surface between 2020-2025.

NET 2020 — Moon Express, Launch Moon Sample Return Mission, TBD: Launch of spacecraft for Moon Sample Return Mission.

NET 2020 — ESA, Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch ExoMars 2020 Lander & Rover, TBD: ESA Carrier and Rover (“Mars Yard”), Roscosmos Descent Module and Surface Platform to be launched by Roscosmos launch system.

NET 2020 — Solar Orbiter spacecraft, Sun Orbit: Spacecraft expected to reach Sun orbit this year after 3 year journey; will perform close-up study of Sun and inner heliosphere; closest Solar approach to occur every 5 months at distance of 0.28 AU.

NET 2020 — Arianespace, Launch Soyuz / Euclid, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency spacecraft with 1.2-meter telescope, projected 6-year lifetime to launch to Sun-Earth Lagrange point L2; will measure accelerated expansion of Universe, aid in understanding of dark energy / dark matter.

NET 2020 — UAE Space Agency, Launch Hope Probe, TBD: UAE plans to launch Hope mission to Mars this year to study planet atmosphere, potentially with ISRO collaboration, in celebration of 50th observation of nation’s founding.

Jan 5-9 — American Astronomical Society, Honolulu HI: 235th Meeting of the AAS; at Hawaii Convention Center.

Jan 25 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2020 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Rat.

Jan 27 — Apollo 1 53rd Observation, Nationwide USA: Increasing space awareness and education, remembrances and events honor three Apollo 1 crew members, see 27 Jan 2017 for further detail.

Jan 28 — Challenger STS-51L 34th Observation, Nationwide USA: Educational and ceremonial events held worldwide to advance space technology / education and honor 7 crew members killed in shuttle accident, see 28 Jan 2016 for more detail.

Feb 1 — Columbia STS-107 17th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: Annual international conferences and events take place to further space exploration efforts in remembrance of Columbia 7 loss, see 1 Feb 2016 for more detail.

Mar 31 – Apr 2 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Washington DC: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

Apr 12 — 59th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 39th Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: Commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2020; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 24 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft with 2.4 meter diameter main telescope begins 31st year in space today, launched Apr 24, 1990; expected to continue operations until at least 2022.

Apr 28-29 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Washington DC: Space Studies Board Meeting.

NLT Jun — KARI, Naro Space Center, South Jeolla, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute to test launch indigenous third-stage rocket.

Jun 16 — 57th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 18 — 37th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2020; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

NET Jul / Aug — ULA, Launch Atlas 5 / Mars Rover, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: NASA Mars robotic rover with 7 science instruments to launch in 2020 to explore planet / advance development of Human Mars missions projected for 2030s.

Jul 20 — Apollo 11 51st Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First Human mission to land on Moon in 1969; 1st steps by humans on another World taken by Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin.

Jul 20 — Viking 1 Mars Lander 44th Observation, Nationwide USA / Global: First spacecraft to successfully land on another planet; originally scheduled for July 4, landing was delayed until this day in 1976 due to rough landing site.

NET Aug — CNSA, Launch Mars Orbiter, Lander & Rover Mission, TBD, China: China expects to launch Orbiter, Lander & Rover mission this month to arrive at Mars low latitude area in northern hemisphere 7 months later; 200-kg rover to have 6 wheels and carry 13 payloads, lander payloads TBD; planning sample return mission in 2030.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 44th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 9th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977; some science instruments to be turned off this year as power is running out, complete data transmission predicted to cease 2025.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 44th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

Sep 16-17 — The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Irvine CA: Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science Meeting.

NET Oct — ESA, Launch Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) & Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART), TBD: ESA, DLR, NASA, JHU/APL, the Observatoire de la Côte d´Azur (OCA) mission to launch to Didymos binary asteroids & arrive 2022; will consist of lander, orbiters, CubeSats, and impactor.

Oct 4-10 — World Space Week Association, Global: World Space Week 2020; to celebrate international contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition; Oct 4 is 63rd observation of 1st Space mission Sputnik One launched by Soviet Union 1957; Oct 10 is 53rd observation of Outer Space Treaty going into effect 1967.

Oct 17 — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: Detecting some of the most energetic radiation in Space, ESA, NASA, Roscosmos spacecraft begins 19th year of operations in Space; launched 2002, expected to run out of fuel early 2020s and fall to Earth Feb 2029.

NET NovInSight, Mars Surface: Scheduled end to Mars surface operations mission; future plans / goals to be determined.

Nov 4-5 — Space Studies Board of the National Academies, Irvine CA: Space Studies Board Meeting.

NET Dec — Hayabusa 2, Earth Surface: JAXA Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Explorer mission expected to arrive at Earth with samples from C-type asteroid “1999 JU3” this month.

2021

NET 2021 — CNSA / Global Partnership, Launch Long March 9 / Human Moon Mission, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): Date 2021-2026 possibility for China / International partners to launch its first Human Moon mission.

NET 2021 — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3 / Crewed Mission, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk.3 expected to launch crewed mission this year.

NET 2021 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Luna-27, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Resurs 1 lander expected to launch to Moon South Pole to target frozen volatiles in sub surface; expected to carry ESA Lunar ice drill.

NET 2021 ExoMars 2020 Lander & Rover, Mars Surface: ESA Carrier and Rover (“Mars Yard”), Roscosmos Descent Module and Surface Platform to land on Mars surface; to be supported by ExoMars 2016 Orbiter communications relay.

NET 2021 — Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Cerro Pachón, Chile: LSST team expects to begin science operations this year.

NET 2021 — Mars World Enterprises Inc., Las Vegas NV: Hoping to open Mars World theme park by this date, created by John Spencer.

Jan 10-14 — American Astronomical Society, TBD: 237th Meeting of the AAS.

NET Feb Mars Rover, Mars Surface: NASA Mars robotic rover with 7 advanced science instruments to land on planet, search for evidence of past life, collect data for future human missions.

Feb 12 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2021 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Ox.

NET Mar — KARI, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea: Korea Aerospace Research Institute expects to have completed development of indigenous third-stage rocket.

Apr 12 — 60th Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 40th Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: Commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2021; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Apr 24 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Spacecraft with 2.4 meter diameter main telescope begins 32nd year in space today, launched Apr 24, 1990; expected to continue operations until at least Jun 30.

Jun 16 — 58th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 18 — 38th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2021; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

NET Aug — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion EM-2, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: The 1st fully-crewed Orion Moon flight to last 10-14 days; will use J-2X powered upper stage.

Aug 16-27 — International Astronomical Union, Busan, S Korea: XXXI (31st) IAU General Assembly.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 45th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 10th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 45th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

2022

NET 2022 — Predicted Collision of 2 Stars (KIC 9832227), Constellation Cygnus: Scientists predict two stars, jointly named KIC 9832227, will merge & collide causing an increase in its brightness ten thousand fold, it would be visible to the naked eye; predicted date + / – one year.

NET 2022 — Hubble Space Telescope, LEO: Veteran spacecraft with 2.4-meter mirror expected to continue operations until this year and perhaps beyond; launched April 24, 1990.

NET 2022 — CNSA, Launch China Space Station laboratory module 2, TBD, China: Final piece of China Space Station Laboratory module 2 to launch to LEO this year; station to orbit between 350 – 450 km, accommodate 3 crew members for 6 month stays, expected to operate until at least 2032.

NET 2022 — NASA, Launch Europa Clipper, TBD: NASA orbiter and lander to investigate Europa subsurface ocean, habitability & observe future landing sites; mission may include international collaboration, other craft.

NET 2022 — Mars One, Launch of Mars Rover & Communication Satellite, TBD: Commercial company plans to launch rover and trailer to help find best location for human settlement ~2031, clear areas for arrival of cargo; communications satellite to be placed in orbit.

NET 2022 — Thirty Meter Telescope Observatory Corp., Mauna Kea HI: Original planned date for TMT to begin scientific operations.

NET Jan — American Astronomical Society, National Harbor MD: 239th Meeting of the AAS; at Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center.

Feb 1 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2022 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Tiger.

Apr 12 — 61st Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 41st Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: Commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2022; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

NET Jun — Arianespace, Launch Ariane 5 / JUICE, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency Jupiter Icy moons Explorer (JUICE) with 11 science instruments is expected to reach Jupiter in 2030, spend at least 3.5 years studying Jupiter atmosphere and magnetosphere, moons Ganymede, Europa, Callisto and Io.

Jun 16 — 59th Observation of the 1st Woman in Space, Global: Public events and commemorations occur to celebrate the first female to fly in Space, Valentina Tershkova of the former Soviet Union; in 1963 she orbited Earth 49 times in Vostok 6.

Jun 18 — 39th Observation of the 1st American Woman in Space, Nationwide USA / Global: Celebrating the first American woman to fly in Space, Sally Ride of USA on space shuttle Challenger STS-7 mission in 1983.

Jun 30 — Asteroid Day Ltd., Global: Asteroid Day 2022; education, events, films and entertainment hosted by organizations and individuals to increase awareness about asteroids.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 46th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 11th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 46th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

NET Dec — ExoMars 2016 Orbiter, Mars Orbit: End of scheduled ESA orbiter mission at Mars, future extension / plans to be determined; entered Mars orbit Oct 2016, began science operations Dec 2017.

2023

NET 2023 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Human Asteroid Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Potential launch of Astronauts via Space Launch System to planned relocated 500,000-kg Asteroid orbiting Moon.

NET 2023 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Luna-28, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Resurs 2 expected to launch to Moon South Pole for return sample mission.

NET 2023 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Angara A5B / ACV, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan: Test flight of 6-person Advanced Crew Vehicle; will carry 500 kg of cargo and could travel to Moon.

NET 2023 — James Webb Space Telescope, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Planned end to 5-year primary mission; spacecraft expected to operate for another 5 years.

NET 2023 — OSIRIS-REx, Asteroid 101955 Bennu (1999 RQ36): Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft scheduled to return to Earth with asteroid sample of at least 60 grams this year.

Jan 22 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2023 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Rabbit.

Apr 12 — 62nd Commemoration of Human Spaceflight / Cosmonautics Day, Worldwide: Celebrating Yuri Gagarin of Russia, the 1st human to orbit Earth on Vostok 1 spacecraft in 1961; the flight lasted 108 minutes at 27,400 kph and 327 km above Earth.

Apr 12 — 42nd Observation of STS-1 Columbia Flight, Nationwide USA: Commemorations occur today in honor of 1st ever NASA Space Shuttle Columbia carrying John Young and pilot Robert Crippen around Earth on 54.5-hour mission in 1981.

Apr 12 — Yuri’s Night Celebrations, Global: Yuri’s Night 2023; annual worldwide party to celebrate Yuri Gagarin’s 1st flight into space and promote space exploration.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 47th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 12th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 47th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

2024

NET 2024 — ISS, LEO: Standard funding of International Space Station ends this year; mission extension to at least 2028 is expected; future goals and scientific, engineering, utilization, education potential to be determined.

NET 2024 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion Human-Assisted Moon Sample Return Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: Potential date for robotic sample return mission to Lunar surface with Human assistance from Asteroid in orbit around Moon.

NET 2024 — ESA, Launch Soyuz / PLATO, Kourou, French Guiana: European Space Agency PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) mission to launch to Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point to find / study extrasolar planetary systems, seismic activity in stars for at least 6 years.

Feb 10 — China Lunar New Year, Zhong Guo / Worldwide: China Lunar New Year 2024 Spring Festival marks the Year of the Dragon.

Aug 20 — Voyager 2, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 48th year in space today, launched Aug 20, 1977 – seventeen days before Voyager 1; expected to send data to Earth until ~2025 when power may run out.

Aug 25 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 13th year in interstellar space, data indicates it became first human-made object to enter interstellar space Aug 25, 2012; launched Sep 5, 1977.

Sep 5 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: NASA spacecraft begins 48th year in space today, launched Sep 5, 1977; farthest spacecraft from Earth, first to reach interstellar space.

2025

NET 2025 — CNSA, Launch Long March 9, TBD, China: China hopes to have completed heavy lift Long March 9 rocket by this date; will be used to launch 1st China Human mission to Moon surface.

NET 2025 — ISRO, Launch GSLV Mk. 3 / Human Moon Mission, Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India: Potential date for India 1st Human mission to Moon surface via Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk.3.

NET 2025 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Angara-5V / Human Crew Mission, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: First crewed launch from new spaceport planned for this year.

NET 2025 — JAXA, Launch HRV (HTV Return Vehicle) / Human Mission, Tanegashima Space Center, Japan: Japan plans to launch JAXA astronauts to space this year.

NET 2025 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Luna-29, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia: Roscosmos Luna-Resurs 3 Moon South Pole lander and rover mission goals / landing site TBD, will support future Human base.

NET 2025 — Voyager 1 & 2, Interstellar Space: The farthest spacecraft from Earth, NASA Voyagers communications / data return are expected to cease this year due to radioactive power sources becoming unable to provide enough electrical energy for critical subsystems; launched 1977.

NET 2025 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Venera-D, TBD: Roscosmos to launch Venera-D mission to Venus, consisting of orbiter and lander.

NET 2025 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Millimetron, TBD: Russia to launch space observatory with a diameter of 10 meters to Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point to study black holes, formation of stars, planets, galaxies.

NET Dec — BepiColombo, Mercury Orbit: European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) expected to reach Mercury and achieve polar orbit; will map planet, investigate magnetosphere.

2026

NET 2026 — Euclid, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: Scheduled end of European Space Agency Euclid mission to measure accelerated expansion of Universe, aid in understanding of dark energy / dark matter; future plans to be determined.

NET Dec — BepiColombo, Mercury Orbit: European Space Agency / JAXA Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) 1-year nominal mission ends this year; future plans / mission extension to be determined.

2027

NET 2027 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Human Moon Mission, TBD, Russia: Russia plans to launch Humans to Moon orbit this year, with lunar landing occurring within 2 years.

2028

NET 2028 — Kennedy Space Center, NASA, Launch SLS / Orion Human Moon Surface Mission, Cape Canaveral AFS FL: NASA planning to launch Astronauts to lunar surface, potentially in coordination with Asteroid Redirect mission.

2029

NET 2029 — Roscosmos State Corporation, Launch Human Moon Mission, TBD, Russia: Russia plans to begin Human Moon surface missions within the year, work toward setting up Moon base.

NET Feb — INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), LEO: ESA / NASA / Roscosmos INTEGRAL space telescope will burn up upon Earth atmosphere reentry this month due to natural orbit decay after running out of fuel reserves / end of science mission in early 2020s; launched Oct 2002.

Apr 13 — Asteroid 99942 Apophis, Earth Flyby: On this day, which happens to be a Friday, 320-meter diameter asteroid previously known as 2004 MN4 will narrowly miss Earth by about 30,000 km.

NET Jul — Chang’e-2, Deep Space: Spacecraft expected to come within 7M km of Earth this year after reaching 300M km apogee.

2030

NET 2030 — ESA, Moon Surface: Europe plans to build a Lunar Village by this date as a stepping stone to Mars and a successor to the International Space Station.

NET 2030 — NASA, Launch Human Mars Mission, TBD: Projected date / decade for NASA to send Humans to Mars.

NET 2030 — CNSA, Launch Mars Sample Return Mission, TBD, China: China expects to launch sample return mission to Mars by this date.

NET 2030 — New Horizons, Kuiper Belt Object Trajectory: Spacecraft expected to continue exploring Kuiper Belt until at least middle of this decade.

NET 2030 — PLATO, Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange Point: ESA PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) 6-year mission to find / study extrasolar planetary systems, seismic activity in stars ends this year; mission extension / plans to be determined.

NET Jan — JUICE, Jupiter Orbit: ESA Jupiter Icy moons Explorer (JUICE) expected to reach Jupiter early this year; will spend at least 3.5 years studying Jupiter atmosphere and magnetosphere, moons Ganymede, Europa, Callisto and Io.

2031

NET 2031 — People’s Republic of China, Launch Long March 9 / Human Moon Missions, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, Hainan Island, China (19° N): Tentative dates 2031-2036 for China crewed spaceflight program (China Manned Space Agency) to launch its multiple Human Moon missions.

NET 2031 — ISEE-3 (International Sun-Earth Explorer-3), Heliocentric Orbit: Craft presumably in safe mode, traveling around Sun & predicted to return to vicinity of Earth this year – may be able to reestablish contact; craft launched August 12, 1978.

2032

Nov 12 — Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun; starts Nov 12 at 20:41 HST, ends 01:07 Nov 13.

2033

NET 2033 — Government of the Republic of Turkey, Roketsan Inc., Ankara, Turkey: Turkey hopes to have space-launch capabilities and more than 20 operational satellites by this date.

2036

Apr 13 — Asteroid 99942 Apophis, Earth Flyby: Asteroid, 320 meters in diameter & previously known as 2004 MN4, will make 2nd pass by Earth missing by about 50M km.

2060

2060 — EC2LIPSE, Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange Point: ISU project EC2LIPSE to explore climate change, create solar radiation management roadmap in Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange point.

2061

2061 — Halley’s Comet, Deep Space: Return of Halley’s Comet.

2078

NET 2078 — Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), LEO: Orbiting ultraviolet space telescope will burn up upon atmospheric reentry this year – 65 years after being decommissioned in 2013.

2084

Nov 10 — Transit of Earth, Moon, Phobos: As seen from the slopes of Elysium Mons on Mars, the Earth, the Moon and Mars moon Phobos to pass directly between Mars and Sun; observers see Moon(s) and Earth as small dots gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2117

NET 2117 — UAE Space Agency, Mars Surface: UAE plans to have city on Mars fit for habitation completed by this year, with first development starting in 2020 with launch of Hope satellite to study Mars atmosphere.

Dec 11 — Transit of Venus: Venus to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2125

Dec 8 — Transit of Venus: Venus to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2123

Jun 9 — Total Eclipse of Moon: Long-duration total lunar eclipse of 106.1 minutes.

2168

Jul 16 — Eclipse of Sun: Longest solar eclipse of the Century at 7 minutes 29 seconds; may be longest eclipse during 10,000 year period from 4000 BC to AD 6000.

2287

Aug 29 Earth and Mars: Planets reach record-breaking distance for opposition at ~55.69 million km, will appear extra bright in sky.

2391

May 11 Partial Transit of Mercury: Mercury to pass directly between Earth and Sun; observers see distant planet as small dot gliding slowly across face of Sun.

2600

May 5 Eclipse of Sun: First total solar eclipse visible in London since 2151.

2650

Sep 3 Earth / Mars Minimum Distance Reached: Distance between Earth & Mars reaches new minimum at 55,651,582.118 km on this date during perihelitic opposition.

2729

Sep 8 Earth / Mars Minimum Distance Reached: Distance between Earth & Mars reaches new minimum at 55,651,033.122 km on this date during perihelitic opposition.

3000

NET Jan — Gamma Cephei becomes ‘North Star’: Due to precession of the equinoxes, also known as axial precession or lunisolar precession, positions of stars slowly change in both equatorial coordinates & ecliptic longitude; this year Gamma Cephei will enter the North Star position.

40272

NET 40272 — Voyager 1, Interstellar Space: To come within 1.7 LY of Star AC+79 3888 in the constellation Ursa Minor (the Little Dipper).

8401976

NET May — Laser Geodynamics Satellite 1 (LAGEOS-1), MEO: LAGEOS-1 laser ranging satellite mission, carrying plaque designed by Carl Sagan, predicted to reenter Earth atmosphere close to this date; launched May 4, 1976 to 5,900-km altitude orbit.

4000002000

~4 Billion Years — Milky Way and Andromeda Galaxy: Andromeda approaching MWG at 110 km/sec, these 2 largest galaxies in Local Group predicted to collide; although unlikely any Stars will collide, over a period of perhaps Millions of years the 2 central supermassive black holes predicted to converge near center of newly formed ‘Milkomeda’ Galaxy, simulations indicate Earth might be brought near center & ejected entirely out of galaxy.